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Royal Statuary of Early Dynastic Mesopotamia

Telecharger pdf Royal Statuary of Early Dynastic Mesopotamia

The corpus of Early Dynastic figurative monuments from ancient Mesopotamia is substantial. For many years, establishing the chronological sequence and deve ...

  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: Penn State Press
  • ISBN: 1575066513
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 448
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 584
  • Telecharger: 584
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Détails: The corpus of Early Dynastic figurative monuments from ancient Mesopotamia is substantial. For many years, establishing the chronological sequence and development of these artifacts has been a complicated and problematic task. In this volume—first published in Italian in 2006 and here translated, revised, and updated—Gianni Marchesi and Nicolò Marchetti provide a complete relative chronology for these remarkable objects. Having established the chronological sequence through an examination of the archaeological contexts of the excavated pieces and the analysis of their inscriptions, the authors then consider the significance of the changes, over time, in the subject matter of figurative arts, noting a gradual shift from a stage in which the entire officialdom of early polities was celebrated to a stage in which the figure of the king alone becomes the main and then almost the only object of celebration. Near the end of the Early Dynastic period, which was a time of continual political upheaval, new iconographic details were introduced in order to characterize the royal figure, and a distinctive royal iconography began to be developed. Starting from these observations, the authors proceed to investigate the ideology of early polities in Mesopotamia and the role and functions of the king. Along with a new chronology of Early Dynastic rulers and an outline of Early Dynastic history, discussions of significant monuments and inscriptions are offered. In addition, all known inscriptions on royal statues are edited and provided with detailed commentaries. First published in 2006 as La statuaria regale nella Mesopotamica Protodinastica (Rome: Bardi Editore).


Tales of Royalty

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The volume sheds light on Ancient Near Eastern kingship by focusing on its constant urge for legitimation. Thus, it highlights specific aspects like royal ...

  • L'auteur : Elisabeth Wagner-Durand,Julia Linke
  • Editeur: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • ISBN: 1501506897
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 334
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 671
  • Telecharger: 671
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Détails: The volume sheds light on Ancient Near Eastern kingship by focusing on its constant urge for legitimation. Thus, it highlights specific aspects like royal building activities, warfare and wisdom and frames these into material and textual expressions that take the powerful form of narratives. The contributions made in this volume look for specific topoi of kingship and examine which shapes they took and why. The publication determines which narrative topoi have once been selected to legitimize kingship, which media have been chosen to transmit these narratives, and what kind of narrative strategies have been applied. To consider both, texts and images, in the same margin, the book is based on a dual approach: referring to certain narrative themes both philological and archaeological material will be presented. By joining diverse perspectives of scholars of material culture and texts and their various approaches the publication promises new and special insight into the connection of narration and legitimation in Mesopotamia. It reflects Ancient Near Eastern kingship and its narrative strategies from a interdisciplinary and transmedial point of view and gives new insights into the matter of royal legitimation.


From the 21st Century B.C. to the 21st Century A.D.

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This volume collects the proceedings of a three-day conference held in Madrid in July 2010, and it highlights the vitality of the study of late-third-mille ...

  • L'auteur : Steven J. Garfinkle,Manuel Molina
  • Editeur: Penn State Press
  • ISBN: 1575068710
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 520
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1734
  • Telecharger: 1734
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Détails: This volume collects the proceedings of a three-day conference held in Madrid in July 2010, and it highlights the vitality of the study of late-third-millennium B.C. Mesopotamia. Workshops devoted to the Ur III period have been a feature of the Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale roughly every other year, beginning in London in 2003. In 2009, Steve Garfinkle and Manuel Molina asked the community of Neo-Sumerian scholars to convene the following year in Madrid before the Rencontre in Barcelona. The meeting had more than 50 participants and included 8 topical sessions and 27 papers. The 21 contributions included in this volume cover a broad range of topics: new texts, new interpretations, and new understandings of the language, culture, and history of the Ur III period (2112–2004 B.C.). The present and future of Neo-Sumerian studies are important not only for the field of Assyriology but also for wider inquiries into the ancient world. The extant archives offer insight into some of the earliest cities and one of the earliest kingdoms in the historical record. The era of the Third Dynasty of Ur is also probably the best-attested century in antiquity. This imposes a responsibility on the small community of scholars who work on the Neo-Sumerian materials to make this it accessible to a broad, interdisciplinary audience in the humanities and related fields. This volume is a solid step in this direction.


Exemplars of Kingship

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Stretching across the historical region of Mesopotamia, the Akkadian dynasty (ca. 2334-2154 BCE) created a territorial state of unprecedented scale in the ...

  • L'auteur : Melissa Eppihimer
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190903031
  • Genre: Art
  • Nombre de pages: 272
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1888
  • Telecharger: 1888
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Détails: Stretching across the historical region of Mesopotamia, the Akkadian dynasty (ca. 2334-2154 BCE) created a territorial state of unprecedented scale in the ancient Near East by uniting the city-states of Sumer and Akkad and parts of Syria and Iran. To establish and, later, cement their authority over disparate peoples and places, the kings used art and visual culture to extraordinary effect. Exemplars of Kingship conveys the astonishing life of the art of the Akkadian kings by assessing ancient and modern responses to its dynamic forms and transformative ideologies of kingship. For nearly two thousand years after their reign, the Akkadian kings were remembered as exemplary rulers. Modern assessments of ancient memories of Akkadian kingship have concentrated on textual attestations of the kings' place in cultural memory. This book considers the contributions of images to memories of Akkadian kingship. Through close readings of the visuals that remain, Melissa Eppihimer discusses how Akkadian steles, statues, and cylinder seals became models for later rulers in Mesopotamia and beyond who wished to emulate or critique the Akkadian kings-and how these rulers and their contemporaries were reminded of the Akkadian past when they looked at images. Exemplars of Kingship is, therefore, a book about Akkadian art and its reception in antiquity, but it is also concerned with the modern reception of Akkadian art and kingship. It argues that modern responses have constrained our understanding of ancient responses. Through a wide range of examples drawn from almost two millennia, the book highlights the individual decisions that prompted continuity and change during the long history of Mesopotamia and its artistic traditions.


A Companion to Ancient Near Eastern Art

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Provides a broad view of the history and current state of scholarship on the art of the ancient Near East This book covers the aesthetic traditions of Meso ...

  • L'auteur : Ann C. Gunter
  • Editeur: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118336739
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Nombre de pages: 632
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 324
  • Telecharger: 324
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Détails: Provides a broad view of the history and current state of scholarship on the art of the ancient Near East This book covers the aesthetic traditions of Mesopotamia, Iran, Anatolia, and the Levant, from Neolithic times to the end of the Achaemenid Persian Empire around 330 BCE. It describes and examines the field from a variety of critical perspectives: across approaches and interpretive frameworks, key explanatory concepts, materials and selected media and formats, and zones of interaction. This important work also addresses both traditional and emerging categories of material, intellectual perspectives, and research priorities. The book covers geography and chronology, context and setting, medium and scale, while acknowledging the diversity of regional and cultural traditions and the uneven survival of evidence. Part One of the book considers the methodologies and approaches that the field has drawn on and refined. Part Two addresses terms and concepts critical to understanding the subjects and formal characteristics of the Near Eastern material record, including the intellectual frameworks within which monuments have been approached and interpreted. Part Three surveys the field’s most distinctive and characteristic genres, with special reference to Mesopotamian art and architecture. Part Four considers involvement with artistic traditions across a broader reach, examining connections with Egypt, the Aegean, and the Mediterranean. And finally, Part Five addresses intersections with the closely allied discipline of archaeology and the institutional stewardship of cultural heritage in the modern Middle East. Told from multiple perspectives, A Companion to Ancient Near Eastern Art is an enlightening, must-have book for advanced undergraduate and graduate students of ancient Near East art and Near East history as well as those interested in history and art history.


Time and History in the Ancient Near East

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In July, 2010, the International Association for Assyriology met in Barcelona, Spain, for 5 days to deliver and listen to papers on the theme “Time and H ...

  • L'auteur : Lluis Feliu,J. Llop,A. Millet Albà,Joaquin Sanmartín
  • Editeur: Penn State Press
  • ISBN: 1575068567
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 864
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 876
  • Telecharger: 876
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Détails: In July, 2010, the International Association for Assyriology met in Barcelona, Spain, for 5 days to deliver and listen to papers on the theme “Time and History in the Ancient Near East.” This volume, the proceedings of the conference, contains 70 of the papers read at the 56th annual Rencontre, including the papers from several workshop sessions on “architecture and archaeology,” “early Akkadian and its Semitic context,” “ Hurrian language,” “law in the ancient Near East,” “Middle Assyrian texts and studies,” and a variety of additional papers not directly related to the conference theme. The photo on the back cover shows only a representative portion of the attendees, who were warmly hosted by faculty and students from the University of Barcelona.


A Political History of the Arameans

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An up-to-date analysis of the history of the ancient Near East and the Arameans K. Lawson Younger Jr. presents a political history of the Arameans from the ...

  • L'auteur : K. Lawson Younger Jr.
  • Editeur: SBL Press
  • ISBN: 162837084X
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 880
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 801
  • Telecharger: 801
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Détails: An up-to-date analysis of the history of the ancient Near East and the Arameans K. Lawson Younger Jr. presents a political history of the Arameans from their earliest origins to the demise of their independent entities. The book investigates their tribal structures, the development of their polities, and their interactions with other groups in the ancient Near East. Younger utilizes all of the available sources to develop a comprehensive picture of this complex, yet highly important, people whose influence and presence spanned the Fertile Cresent. Features: The best, recent understanding of tribal political structures, aspects of mobile pastoralism, and models of migration A regional rather than a monolithic approach to the rise of Aramean polities Thorough integration of the complex relationships and interactions of the Arameans with the Luwians, the Assyrians, the Israelites, and others


Par la bêche et le stylet! Cultures et sociétés syro-mésopotamiennes

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25 papers written by colleagues, friends and former students pay tribute to the career of Professor Olivier Rouault who has conducted extensive research in ...

  • L'auteur : Philippe Abrahami,Laura Battini
  • Editeur: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
  • ISBN: 1789692830
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 300
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 334
  • Telecharger: 334
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Détails: 25 papers written by colleagues, friends and former students pay tribute to the career of Professor Olivier Rouault who has conducted extensive research in the fields of both Assyriology and Ancient Near Eastern archaeology.


Textiles and Gender in Antiquity

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This volume looks at how the issues of textiles and gender intertwine across three millennia in antiquity and examines continuities and differences across ...

  • L'auteur : Mary Harlow,Cecile Michel,Louise Quillien
  • Editeur: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 135014150X
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 328
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1753
  • Telecharger: 1753
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Détails: This volume looks at how the issues of textiles and gender intertwine across three millennia in antiquity and examines continuities and differences across time and space – with surprising resonances for the modern world. The interplay of gender, identity, textile production and use is notable on many levels, from the question of who was involved in the transformation of raw materials into fabric at one end, to the wearing of garments and the construction of identity at the other. Textile production has often been considered to follow a linear trajectory from a domestic (female) activity to a more 'commercial' or 'industrial' (male-centred) mode of production. In reality, many modes of production co-existed and the making of textiles is not so easily grafted onto the labour of one sex or the other. Similarly, textiles once transformed into garments are often of 'unisex' shape but worn to express the gender of the wearer. As shown by the detailed textual source material and the rich illustrations in this volume, dress and gender are intimately linked in the visual and written records of antiquity. The contributors show how it is common practice in both art and literature not only to use particular garments to characterize one sex or the other, but also to undermine characterizations by suggesting that they display features usually associated with the opposite gender.


Études Mésopotamiennes – Mesopotamian Studies: N°1 – 2018

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The first volume of the series EMMS, ‘Études Mésopotamiennes – Mesopotamian Studies’ presents a collection of articles, communications and prelimin ...

  • L'auteur : Vincent Déroche,Maria Grazia Masetti-Rouault,Christophe Nicolle
  • Editeur: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
  • ISBN: 178491942X
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 342
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 744
  • Telecharger: 744
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Détails: The first volume of the series EMMS, ‘Études Mésopotamiennes – Mesopotamian Studies’ presents a collection of articles, communications and preliminary reports representing the advancement, in recent years, of human sciences - archaeological, historical, philological and cultural researches –concerning ancient Mesopotamia area studies.


››Und du, du bist eine Frau?!‹‹

Telecharger pdf ››Und du, du bist eine Frau?!‹‹

Aus dem Alten Orient sind fast gar keine Quellen über ‚gewöhnliche‘ Ehe- und Hausfrauen überliefert, da ihre alltägliche Arbeit keiner Aufzeichnung ...

  • L'auteur : Jana Matuszak
  • Editeur: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • ISBN: 3110685388
  • Genre: Religion
  • Nombre de pages: 505
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1553
  • Telecharger: 1553
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Détails: Aus dem Alten Orient sind fast gar keine Quellen über ‚gewöhnliche‘ Ehe- und Hausfrauen überliefert, da ihre alltägliche Arbeit keiner Aufzeichnung bedurfte und ihr gesellschaftlicher Status zu gering für andere Formen der schriftlichen Verewigung war. Das zu Beginn des 2. Jahrtausends v. Chr. auf Sumerisch verfasste Streitgespräch ‚Zwei Frauen B‘ stellt dabei eine Ausnahme dar: es ist das einzige altorientalische Literaturwerk, in dem ‚gewöhnliche‘ Frauen als Protagonistinnen fungieren. Aufbauend auf der ersten philologisch-kritischen Edition von ‚Zwei Frauen B‘ widmet sich vorliegende Studie der umfangreichen sprachlichen, rhetorisch-stilistischen und historischen Analyse dieses Schlüsseltextes. Es wird gezeigt, dass das literarisch wie didaktisch hochkomplexe Werk die Eignung der Protagonistinnen zur Frau verhandelt – zunächst im Rahmen eines spielerisch begonnenen Streitgesprächs und schließlich vor Gericht. Verfasst und rezipiert im Rahmen der meist Männern vorbehaltenen höheren Schreiberausbildung bietet ‚Zwei Frauen B‘ somit nicht nur einzigartige Einblicke in das Prozessrecht der altbabylonischen Epoche, sondern auch den ältesten literarischen Gender-Diskurs der Menschheitsgeschichte. Die Arbeit ist mit folgenden Preisen ausgezeichnet worden: - Dissertation Prize of the International Association for Assyriology (IAA), 2018. - Johannes Zilkens-Promotionspreis der Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes für herausragende Arbeiten im Bereich der Geistes- und Gesellschaftswissenschaften, 2019.


Amurath to Amurath

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When I was pursuing along the banks of the Euphrates the leisurely course of oriental travel, I would sometimes wonder, sitting at night before my tent doo ...

  • L'auteur : Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell
  • Editeur: Library of Alexandria
  • ISBN: 1465612831
  • Genre: Iraq
  • Nombre de pages: 369
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 328
  • Telecharger: 328
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Détails: When I was pursuing along the banks of the Euphrates the leisurely course of oriental travel, I would sometimes wonder, sitting at night before my tent door, whether it would be possible to cast into shape the experiences that assailed me. And in that spacious hour, when the silence of the embracing wilderness was enhanced rather than broken by the murmur of the river, and by the sounds, scarcely less primeval, that wavered round the camp fire of my nomad hosts, the task broadened out into a shape which was in keeping with the surroundings. Not only would I set myself to trace the story that was scored upon the face of the earth by mouldering wall or half-choked dyke, by the thousand vestiges of former culture which were scattered about my path, but I would attempt to record the daily life and speech of those who had inherited the empty ground whereon empires had risen and expired. Even there, where the mind ranged out unhindered over the whole wide desert, and thought flowed as smoothly as the flowing stream—even there I would realize the difficulty of such an undertaking, and it was there that I conceived the desire to invoke your aid by setting your name upon the first page of my book. To you, so I promised myself, I could make clear the intention when accomplishment lagged far behind it. To you the very landscape would be familiar, though you had never set eyes upon it: the river and the waste which determined, as in your country of the Nile, the direction of mortal energies. And you, with your profound experience of the East, have learnt to reckon with the unbroken continuity of its history. Conqueror follows upon the heels of conqueror, nations are overthrown and cities topple down into the dust, but the conditions of existence are unaltered and irresistibly they fashion the new age in the likeness of the old. “Amurath an Amurath succeeds” and the tale is told again. Where past and present are woven so closely together, the habitual appreciation of the divisions of time slips insensibly away. Yesterday’s raid and an expedition of Shalmaneser fall into the same plane; and indeed what essential difference lies between them? But the reverberation of ancient fame sounds more richly in the ears than the voice of modern achievement. The banks of the Euphrates echo with ghostly alarums; the Mesopotamian deserts are full of the rumour of phantom armies; you will not blame me if I passed among them “trattando l’ombre come cosa salda.”


Wool Economy in the Ancient Near East

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The history of the Ancient Near East covers a huge chronological frame, from the first pictographic texts of the late 4th millennium to the conquest of Ale ...

  • L'auteur : Catherine Breniquet,CŽcile Michel
  • Editeur: Oxbow Books
  • ISBN: 1782976329
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 400
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 660
  • Telecharger: 660
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Détails: The history of the Ancient Near East covers a huge chronological frame, from the first pictographic texts of the late 4th millennium to the conquest of Alexander the Great in 333 BC. During these millennia, different societies developed in a changing landscape where sheep (and their wool) always played an important economic role. The 22 papers presented here explore the place of wool in the ancient economy of the region, where large-scale textile production began during the second half of the 3rd millennium. By placing emphasis on the development of multi-disciplinary methodologies, experimentation and use of archaeological evidence combined with ancient textual sources, the wide-ranging contributions explore a number of key themes. These include: the first uses of wool in textile manufacture and organization of weaving; trade and exchange; the role of wool in institutionalized economies; and the reconstruction of the processes that led to this first form of industry in Antiquity. The numerous archaeological and written sources provide an enormous amount of data on wool, textile crafts, and clothing and these inter-disciplinary studies are beginning to present a comprehensive picture of the economic and cultural impact of woollen textiles and textile manufacturing on formative ancient societies.


Working at Home in the Ancient Near East

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This volume examines the organization, scale, and the socio-economic role played by institutional and non-institutional households, as well as the social u ...

  • L'auteur : Juliette Mas,Palmiro Notizia
  • Editeur: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
  • ISBN: 1789695929
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 124
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1315
  • Telecharger: 1315
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Détails: This volume examines the organization, scale, and the socio-economic role played by institutional and non-institutional households, as well as the social use of domestic spaces in Bronze Age Mesopotamia.


The Role of Women in Work and Society in the Ancient Near East

Telecharger pdf The Role of Women in Work and Society in the Ancient Near East

Economic history is well documented in Assyriology, thanks to the preservation of dozens of thousands of clay tablets recording administrative operations, ...

  • L'auteur : Brigitte Lion,Cécile Michel
  • Editeur: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • ISBN: 1614519080
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 585
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1681
  • Telecharger: 1681
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Détails: Economic history is well documented in Assyriology, thanks to the preservation of dozens of thousands of clay tablets recording administrative operations, contracts and acts dealing with family law. Despite these voluminous sources, the topic of work and the contribution of women have rarely been addressed. This book examines occupations involving women over the course of three millennia of Near Eastern history. It presents the various aspects of women as economic agents inside and outside of the family structure. Inside the family, women were the main actors in the production of goods necessary for everyday life. In some instances, their activities exceeded the simple needs of the household and were integrated within the production of large organizations or commercial channels. The contributions presented in this volume are representative enough to address issues in various domains: social, economic, religious, etc., from varied points of view: archaeological, historical, sociological, anthropological, and with a gender perspective. This book will be a useful tool for historians, anthropologists, archaeologists and graduate students interested in the economy of the ancient Near East and in women and gender studies.


Organization, Representation, and Symbols of Power in the Ancient Near East

Telecharger pdf Organization, Representation, and Symbols of Power in the Ancient Near East

In July, 2008, the International Association for Assyriology met in Würzburg, Germany, for 5 days to deliver and listen to papers on the theme “Organiza ...

  • L'auteur : Gernot Wilhelm
  • Editeur: Penn State Press
  • ISBN: 1575066750
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 848
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1480
  • Telecharger: 1480
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Détails: In July, 2008, the International Association for Assyriology met in Würzburg, Germany, for 5 days to deliver and listen to papers on the theme “Organization, Representation, and Symbols of Power in the Ancient Near East.” This volume, the proceedings of the conference, contains 70 of the papers read at the 54th annual Rencontre, including most of the papers from two workshop sessions, one on “collective governance” and the other on “the public and the state.” As the photo of the participants on the back cover demonstrates, the surroundings and ambience of the host city and university provided a wonderful backdrop for the meetings.


Ebla

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In Ebla , Paolo Matthiae presents the results of 47 years of excavations at this fascinating site, providing a detailed account of Ebla’s history and arc ...

  • L'auteur : Paolo Matthiae
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317531442
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 484
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 923
  • Telecharger: 923
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Détails: In Ebla , Paolo Matthiae presents the results of 47 years of excavations at this fascinating site, providing a detailed account of Ebla’s history and archaeology. Ebla grew from a small Early Bronze Age settlement into an important trading and political centre, which endured until its final destruction in c. 1600 BC . The destruction of its royal palace c. 2300 BC was particularly significant as it preserved the city’s rich archives, offering a wealth of information on its history, economy, religion, administration, and daily life. The discovery of Ebla is a pivotal moment in the history of archaeological investigations of the twentieth century, and this book is the result of all the excavation campaigns at Tell Mardikh- Ebla from 1964 until 2010, when field operations stopped due to the war in Syria. Available for the first time in English, Ebla offers a complete account of one of the largest pre-classical urban centres by its discoverer, making it an essential resource for students of Ancient Near Eastern archaeology and history.


Losing One's Head in the Ancient Near East

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In the Ancient Near East, cutting off someone’s head was a unique act, not comparable to other types of mutilation, and therefore charged with a special ...

  • L'auteur : Rita Dolce
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351657097
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 92
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 354
  • Telecharger: 354
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Détails: In the Ancient Near East, cutting off someone’s head was a unique act, not comparable to other types of mutilation, and therefore charged with a special symbolic and communicative significance. This book examines representations of decapitation in both images and texts, particularly in the context of war, from a trans-chronological perspective that aims to shed light on some of the conditions, relationships and meanings of this specific act. The severed head is a “coveted object” for the many individuals who interact with it and determine its fate, and the act itself appears to take on the hallmarks of a ritual. Drawing mainly on the evidence from Anatolia, Syria and Mesopotamia between the third and first millennia BC, and with reference to examples from prehistory to the Neo-Assyrian Period, this fascinating study will be of interest not only to art historians, but to anyone interested in the dynamics of war in the ancient world.


Le Proche-Orient et l'Égypte antiques

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C’est au Proche-Orient, 12 000 ans avant J.-C., entre l’Euphrate et le Tigre d’une part, et le Nil de l’autre, que débute la sédentarisation. Ave ...

  • L'auteur : Jean-Claude Margueron
  • Editeur: Hachette Éducation
  • ISBN: 2011400961
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 416
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 606
  • Telecharger: 606
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Détails: C’est au Proche-Orient, 12 000 ans avant J.-C., entre l’Euphrate et le Tigre d’une part, et le Nil de l’autre, que débute la sédentarisation. Avec la naissance des villages, c’est la mainmise sur l’environnement découverte de l’agriculture et de l’élevage. Au IVe millénaire la ville apparaît, marquant une étape nouvelle dans l’évolution sociale avec une différentiation des classes et la découverte de l’écriture. C’est l’aube de l’Histoire. L’apparition en Égypte d’un État fortement centralisé, marqué par le développement d’une architecture monumentale au service d’un roi-dieu la singularise. Ailleurs, la formation des cités-États, la constitution de royaumes et la création d’empires de plus en plus grands, rythment la vie de cet univers oriental. Sommaire : 1. Le milieu et les hommes 2. L’époque des villages (XIIe-début IVe millénaire) 3. Le temps de la naissance des cités en Sumer et de l’État en Égypte (IVe- milieu du IIIe millénaire) 4. Essor des royaumes et premières tentatives impériales (milieu du IIIe millénaire-milieu du IIe millénaire) 5. Le Bronze Récent (XVIe-XIIe siècle) 6. Les grands empires et la lutte pour la domination de l’univers (XIIe-IVe siècle) Repères chronologiques; Index; Table des cartes


A Companion to the Ancient Near East

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A Companion to the Ancient Near East offers students and general readers a comprehensive overview of Near Eastern civilization from the Bronze Age to the c ...

  • L'auteur : Daniel C. Snell
  • Editeur: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1405137398
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 560
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1838
  • Telecharger: 1838
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Détails: A Companion to the Ancient Near East offers students and general readers a comprehensive overview of Near Eastern civilization from the Bronze Age to the conquests of Alexander the Great. Covers the civilizations of the Sumerians, Hittites, Babylonians, Assyrians, Israelites and Persians Places particular emphasis on social and cultural history Covers the legacy of the Ancient Near East in the medieval and modern worlds Provides a useful bibliographical guide to this field of study


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