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Conscripts And Deserters

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Conscripts and Deserters

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Between the outbreak of war with Austria in 1792 and Napoleon\'s final debacle in 1814, France remained almost continously at war, recruiting in the proces ...

  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780195363128
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 304
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 599
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Détails: Between the outbreak of war with Austria in 1792 and Napoleon's final debacle in 1814, France remained almost continously at war, recruiting in the process some two to three million frenchmen--a level of recruitment unknown to previous generations and widely resented as an attack on the liberties of rural communities. Forrest challenges the notion of a nation heroically rushing to arms by examining the massive rates of desertion and avoidance of service as well as their consequences on French society--on military campaigns and the morale of armies, on political opinion at home, on the social fabric of local villages, and on the Napoleonic dream of bringing about a coherent and centralized state.


Conscription and Conflict in the Confederacy

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This volume deals with the conscription system in the Confederacy and the conflicts which it produced between Confederate and State authorities. It was beg ...

  • L'auteur : Dr. Albert Burton Moore
  • Editeur: Pickle Partners Publishing
  • ISBN: 1787207382
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 295
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1652
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Détails: This volume deals with the conscription system in the Confederacy and the conflicts which it produced between Confederate and State authorities. It was begun with a view to discovering the effect of conscription upon the course of the war and to making available the experiences of the Confederacy, hard pressed always for fighting men, in raising its armies. I have endeavored to tell a true story, as it is revealed by the Official Records, newspapers and other source materials, and by the memories of living men and women. My chief sources of information have been the Official Records of the War and contemporary newspapers; however, I have found the Journals of Congress very useful. The Official Records contain an abundance of reliable information concerning the workings of conscription, especially in the States east of the Mississippi. Were personal records and newspapers more copious, color here and there might be added to the narrative, but it is hoped, and confidently believed, that the essential truths have been discovered and presented. If there was much dereliction among those of conscript age, contrary to prevalent notions North and South, it serves to set in a brighter light the heroism and sacrifices of the masses. If I have succeeded in making available to our leaders the extensive experiments of the Confederacy with conscription and presenting acceptably to the students of history a neglected chapter of our military and constitutional history, I shall consider myself amply compensated for my toils.


Conscript Nation

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Military service in Bolivia has long been compulsory for young men. This service plays an important role in defining identity, citizenship, masculinity, st ...

  • L'auteur : Elizabeth Shesko
  • Editeur: University of Pittsburgh Press
  • ISBN: 0822987384
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 264
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1782
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Détails: Military service in Bolivia has long been compulsory for young men. This service plays an important role in defining identity, citizenship, masculinity, state formation, and civil-military relations in twentieth-century Bolivia. The project of obligatory military service originated as part of an attempt to restrict the power of indigenous communities after the 1899 civil war. During the following century, administrations (from oligarchic to revolutionary) expressed faith in the power of the barracks to assimilate, shape, and educate the population. Drawing on a body of internal military records never before used by scholars, Elizabeth Shesko argues that conscription evolved into a pact between the state and society. It not only was imposed from above but was also embraced from below because it provided a space for Bolivians across divides of education, ethnicity, and social class to negotiate their relationships with each other and with the state. Shesko contends that state formation built around military service has been characterized in Bolivia by multiple layers of negotiation and accommodation. The resulting nation-state was and is still hierarchical and divided by profound differences, but it never was simply an assimilatory project. It instead reflected a dialectical process to define the state and its relationships.


The Civil War and Yadkin County, North Carolina

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Located in the western piedmont of North Carolina, Yadkin County was hardly a hotbed of rebellion at the start of the Civil War. Many of the 1,200 men from ...

  • L'auteur : Frances H. Casstevens
  • Editeur: McFarland
  • ISBN: 1476604037
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 304
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 619
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Détails: Located in the western piedmont of North Carolina, Yadkin County was hardly a hotbed of rebellion at the start of the Civil War. Many of the 1,200 men from Yadkin who served in the Confederate Army did so with distinction, but a number deserted. Some of these holed up in the Bond School House, and when the militia attempted to arrest them, four were killed and several others were wounded. This is a comprehensive accounting of how the county responded to the Civil War and the effect it had on Yadkin’s citizens, civilian and military alike.


Riding with the 19Th Texas Cavalry in the War West of the Mississippi 1862-1865

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Riding With the 19th Texas Cavalry in the War West of the Mississippi 1862-1865 is the story of William Hardy Bennett’s Confederate military service as a ...

  • L'auteur : Gary C. Cole
  • Editeur: Trafford Publishing
  • ISBN: 1490798544
  • Genre: Biography & Autobiography
  • Nombre de pages: 252
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1131
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Détails: Riding With the 19th Texas Cavalry in the War West of the Mississippi 1862-1865 is the story of William Hardy Bennett’s Confederate military service as a Private in Co. B of the 19th Texas Cavalry Regiment during the War for Southern Independence and his experiences during Reconstruction that followed the war. He enlisted with the Mesquite Light Horse Militia in Dallas County, Texas on 8 January 1861 some one and a half months before the citizens of Texas ratified the State’s Ordinance of Secession. Some fourteen months later on 21 March 1862, he enlisted with Captain Allen Beard’s Company, Burford’s Texas Cavalry in Dallas, Texas to defend his family, Dallas County, and the State of Texas against a Yankee army determined to invade and destroy the State. Beard’s Company became Co. B of the 19th Texas Cavalry Regiment and was an important part of Colonel William Henry Parsons’ Texas Brigade that fought with distinction in the Trans-Mississippi Department. Hardy fought in some fifty engagements and was often in harm’s way, but he survived and returned to Dallas County, Texas after the war and prospered despite the economic and political problems that plagued the county during Reconstruction.


Conscription in the Napoleonic Era

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This edited volume explores conscription in the Napoleonic era, tracing the roots of European conscription and exploring the many methods that states used ...

  • L'auteur : Donald Stoker,Frederick C. Schneid,Harold D. Blanton
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134270097
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 240
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1223
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Détails: This edited volume explores conscription in the Napoleonic era, tracing the roots of European conscription and exploring the many methods that states used to obtain the manpower they needed to prosecute their wars. The levée-en-masse of the French Revolution has often been cited as a ‘Revolution in Military Affairs’, but was it truly a ‘revolutionary’ break with past European practices of raising armies, or an intensification of the scope and scale of practices already inherent in the European military system? This international collection of scholars demonstrate that European conscription has far deeper roots than has been previously acknowledged, and that its intensification during the Napoleonic era was more an ‘evolutionary’ than ‘revolutionary’ change. This book will be of much interest to students of Military History, Strategic Studies, Strategic History and European History.


Gendarmes and the State in Nineteenth-Century Europe

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The history of police and policing have been the subject of much interest and research in recent years, but this book provides the first serious academic e ...

  • L'auteur : Clive Emsley
  • Editeur: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191543012
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 300
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 557
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Détails: The history of police and policing have been the subject of much interest and research in recent years, but this book provides the first serious academic exploration of the origins and development of the role of soldier-policemen: the gendarmeries of nineteenth-century Europe. The author presents a detailed account of the French Gendarmeries from the old regime up to the First World War, and looks at the reasons for how and why this model came to be exported across continental Europe in the wake of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic armies. In particular their role is examined within the differing national contexts of Italy, Germany and the Habsburg Empire. The gendarmeries, it is argued, played a significant role in establishing the state, particularly in rural areas. As the physical manifestation of the state, gendarmes carried the state's law and a promise of protection, whilst at the same time ensuring in turn that the state received its annual levies of conscripts and taxes This account fully explores how the organisation and style of nineteenth-century soldier-policing in France developed in such a way that it brought the idea of the state and the state's law to much of twentieth-century continental Europe.


American Civil War: Interpreting Conflict through Primary Documents [2 volumes]

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By providing detailed analyses of Civil War primary sources, this book will help readers to understand the history of the bloodiest of all American conflic ...

  • L'auteur : Justin D. Murphy
  • Editeur: ABC-CLIO
  • ISBN: 1440856311
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 875
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1402
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Détails: By providing detailed analyses of Civil War primary sources, this book will help readers to understand the history of the bloodiest of all American conflicts. • Provides in-depth documentary coverage of all key aspects of the American Civil War, providing students with a foundation for understanding its continued significance to the United States • Features primary sources from the most significant battles and leaders of the conflict • Demonstrates the impact of the war upon civilians on both the home front and the battlefields where civilians were confronted by invasion and siege • Examines the impact of the war upon society as a whole, especially through the Emancipation Proclamation


The 21st North Carolina Infantry

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The 21st North Carolina Troops (11th North Carolina Volunteers) was one of only two Tar Heel Confederate regiments that in 1865 could boast “From Manassa ...

  • L'auteur : Lee W. Sherrill, Jr.
  • Editeur: McFarland
  • ISBN: 1476616310
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 540
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1166
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Détails: The 21st North Carolina Troops (11th North Carolina Volunteers) was one of only two Tar Heel Confederate regiments that in 1865 could boast “From Manassas to Appomattox.” The 21st was the only North Carolina regiment with Stonewall Jackson during his 1862 Valley Campaign and remained with the same division throughout the war. It participated in every major battle fought by the Army of Northern Virginia except the 1864 Overland Campaign, when General Lee sent it to fight its own intense battles near New Bern and Plymouth. This book is written from the perspective of the 1,942 men who served in the regiment and is filled with anecdotal material gleaned from more than 700 letters and memoirs. In several cases it sheds new light on accepted but often incorrect interpretations of events. Names such as Lee, Jackson, Hoke, Trimble, Hill, Early, Ramseur and Gordon charge through the pages as the Carolina regiment gains a name for itself. Suffering a 50 percent casualty rate over the four years, only 67 of the 920 young men and boys who began the war surrendered to Grant at its end.


Desertion in the Early Modern World

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Early modern globalization was built on a highly labour intensive infrastructure. This book looks at the millions of workers who were needed to operate the ...

  • L'auteur : Matthias van Rossum,Jeannette Kamp
  • Editeur: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1474216021
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 208
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1088
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Détails: Early modern globalization was built on a highly labour intensive infrastructure. This book looks at the millions of workers who were needed to operate the ships, ports, store houses, forts and factories crucial to local and global exchange. These sailors, soldiers, craftsmen and slaves were crucial to globalization but were also confronted with the process of globalization themselves. They were often migrants who worked, directly or indirectly, for trading companies, merchants and producers that tried to discipline and control their labour force. The contributors to this volume offer an integrated, thematic study of the global history of desertion in European, Atlantic and Asian contexts. By tracing and comparing acts and patterns of desertion across empires, economic systems, regions and types of workers, Desertion in the Early Modern World illuminates the crucial role of practices of desertion among workers in shaping the history of imperial and economic expansion in the early modern period.


Experiences of War in Europe and the Americas, 1792–1815

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This work seeks to offer a new way of viewing the French Wars of 1792–1815. Most studies of this period offer international, political, and military anal ...

  • L'auteur : Mark Lawrence
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1000412083
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 240
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1349
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Détails: This work seeks to offer a new way of viewing the French Wars of 1792–1815. Most studies of this period offer international, political, and military analyses using the French Revolution and Napoleon as the prime mover. But this book focuses on military and civilian responses to French Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars, throughout the rest of Europe and the Americas. It shows how the unprecedented mobilization of this era forged a generation of soldiers and civilians sharing a common experience of suffering, bequeathing the West with a new veteran sensibility. Using a range of sources, especially memoirs, this book reveals the adventure and suffering confronting ordinary soldiers campaigning in Europe and the Americas, and the burdens imposed on civilians enduring rising and falling empires across the West. It also reveals how the wars liberated slaves, serfs, and common people through revolutions and insurgencies.


Gaston County, North Carolina, in the Civil War

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Civil War histories typically center on the deeds of generals and sweeping depictions of battle. This unique study of one Southern county’s war experienc ...

  • L'auteur : Robert C. Carpenter
  • Editeur: McFarland
  • ISBN: 1476623309
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 336
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1180
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Détails: Civil War histories typically center on the deeds of generals and sweeping depictions of battle. This unique study of one Southern county’s war experience tells of ordinary soldiers and their wives, mothers and children, slaves, farmers, merchants, Unionists and deserters—through an examination of tax records. The recently discovered 1863 Gaston County, North Carolina, tax list provides a detailed economic and social picture of a war-weary community, recording what taxpayers owned, cataloging slaves by name, age and monetary value, and assessing luxury items. Contemporary diaries, letters and other previously unpublished documents complete the picture, describing cotton mill operations, the lives of slaves, political disagreements, rationales for soldiers’ enlistments and desertions, and economic struggles on the home front.


Blood and War at My Doorstep

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"Between these pages the reader will learn that North Carolina citizens did not idly stand by as their soldiers marched off to war. The women worked themse ...

  • L'auteur : Brenda Chambers McKean
  • Editeur: Xlibris Corporation
  • ISBN: 1456894722
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Nombre de pages: 605
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1885
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Détails: "Between these pages the reader will learn that North Carolina citizens did not idly stand by as their soldiers marched off to war. The women worked themselves into patriotic exhaustion through Aid Societies. Civilians with different means of support from the lower class to the plantation mistress wrote the governor complaining of hoarding, speculation, the tithe, bushwhackers, unionism, conscription, and exemptions. Never before had so many died due to guerilla warfare. Unknown before starving women with weapons stormed the merchant or warehouses in search for food. Others turned to smuggling, spying, or natures oldest profession. Information from period newspapers, as well as mostly unpublished letters, tell their stories."


The Language Question under Napoleon

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This book offers a new perspective on the cultural politics of the Napoleonic Empire by exploring the issue of language within four pivotal institutions - ...

  • L'auteur : Stewart McCain
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319549367
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 307
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 532
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Détails: This book offers a new perspective on the cultural politics of the Napoleonic Empire by exploring the issue of language within four pivotal institutions - the school, the army, the courtroom and the church. Based on wide-ranging research in archival and published sources, Stewart McCain demonstrates that the Napoleonic State was in reality fractured by disagreements over how best to govern a population characterized by enormous linguistic diversity. Napoleonic officials were not simply cultural imperialists; many acted as culture-brokers, emphasizing their familiarity with the local language to secure employment with the state, and pointing to linguistic and cultural particularism to justify departures from which what others might have considered desirable practice by the regime. This book will be of interest to scholars of the Napoleonic Empire, and of European state-building and nationalisms.


A People's History of the Civil War

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“Does for the Civil War period what Howard Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States did for the study of American history in general.” —Lib ...

  • L'auteur : David Williams
  • Editeur: New Press, The
  • ISBN: 1595587470
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 322
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1152
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Détails: “Does for the Civil War period what Howard Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States did for the study of American history in general.” —Library Journal Historian David Williams has written the first account of the American Civil War as viewed though the eyes of ordinary people—foot soldiers, slaves, women, prisoners of war, draft resisters, Native Americans, and others. Richly illustrated with little-known anecdotes and firsthand testimony, this path-breaking narrative moves beyond presidents and generals to tell a new and powerful story about America’s most destructive conflict. A People’s History of the Civil War is a “readable social history” that “sheds fascinating light” on this crucial period. In so doing, it recovers the long-overlooked perspectives and forgotten voices of one of the defining chapters of American history (Publishers Weekly). “Meticulously researched and persuasively argued.” —The Atlanta Journal-Constitution


A Global History of Runaways

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During global capitalism's long ascent from 1600–1850, workers of all kinds—slaves, indentured servants, convicts, domestic workers, soldiers, and sail ...

  • L'auteur : Marcus Rediker,Titas Chakraborty,Matthias van Rossum
  • Editeur: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 0520973062
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 280
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 300
  • Telecharger: 300
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Détails: During global capitalism's long ascent from 1600–1850, workers of all kinds—slaves, indentured servants, convicts, domestic workers, soldiers, and sailors—repeatedly ran away from their masters and bosses, with profound effects. A Global History of Runaways, edited by Marcus Rediker, Titas Chakraborty, and Matthias van Rossum, compares and connects runaways in the British, Danish, Dutch, French, Mughal, Portuguese, and American empires. Together these essays show how capitalism required vast numbers of mobile workers who would build the foundations of a new economic order. At the same time, these laborers challenged that order—from the undermining of Danish colonization in the seventeenth century to the igniting of civil war in the United States in the nineteenth.


Civil War America

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As war raged on the battlefields of the Civil War, men and women all over the nation continued their daily routines. They celebrated holidays, ran househol ...

  • L'auteur : Maggi M. Morehouse,Zoe Trodd
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136211829
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 326
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 865
  • Telecharger: 865
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Détails: As war raged on the battlefields of the Civil War, men and women all over the nation continued their daily routines. They celebrated holidays, ran households, wrote letters, read newspapers, joined unions, attended plays, and graduated from high school and college. Civil War America reveals how Americans, both Northern and Southern, lived during the Civil War—the ways they worked, expressed themselves artistically, organized their family lives, treated illness, and worshipped. Written by specialists, the chapters in this book cover the war’s impact on the economy, the role of the federal government, labor, welfare and reform efforts, the Indian nations, universities, healthcare and medicine, news coverage, photography, and a host of other topics that flesh out the lives of ordinary Americans who just happened to be living through the biggest conflict in American history. Along with the original material presented in the book chapters, the website accompanying the book is a treasure trove of primary sources, both textual and visual, keyed for each chapter topic. Civil War America and its companion website uncover seismic shifts in the cultural and social landscape of the United States, providing the perfect addition to any course on the Civil War.


Napoleon

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This invaluable account provides an excellent introduction to the nature and mechanics of Napoleon's power, and how he used it. It explores Napoleon's rise ...

  • L'auteur : Geoffrey Ellis
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317874692
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 300
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1411
  • Telecharger: 1411
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Détails: This invaluable account provides an excellent introduction to the nature and mechanics of Napoleon's power, and how he used it. It explores Napoleon's rise to fame as a soldier of the French Revolution and his aims and achievements as first consul and emperor during the years 1799-1815.


Nationalizing Empires

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The essays in Nationalizing Empires challenge the dichotomy between empire and nation state that for decades has dominated historiography. The authors cent ...

  • L'auteur : Stefan Berger,Alexei Miller
  • Editeur: Central European University Press
  • ISBN: 9633860164
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 700
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1399
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Détails: The essays in Nationalizing Empires challenge the dichotomy between empire and nation state that for decades has dominated historiography. The authors center their attention on nation-building in the imperial core and maintain that the nineteenth century, rather than the age of nation-states, was the age of empires and nationalism. They identify a number of instances where nation building projects in the imperial metropolis aimed at the preservation and extension of empires rather than at their dissolution or the transformation of entire empires into nation states. Such observations have until recently largely escaped theoretical reflection.


American Civil War: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection [6 volumes]

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This expansive, multivolume reference work provides a broad, multidisciplinary examination of the Civil War period ranging from pre-Civil War developments ...

  • L'auteur : Spencer C. Tucker
  • Editeur: ABC-CLIO
  • ISBN: 1851096825
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 2777
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1839
  • Telecharger: 1839
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Détails: This expansive, multivolume reference work provides a broad, multidisciplinary examination of the Civil War period ranging from pre-Civil War developments and catalysts such as the Mexican-American War to the rebuilding of the war-torn nation during Reconstruction.