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Globalization And National Security

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Globalization and National Security

Telecharger pdf Globalization and National Security

In this book, top scholars of international relations assess the consequences of globalization for national security, identifying three distinct ‘process ...

  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135917299
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 368
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1963
  • Telecharger: 1963
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Détails: In this book, top scholars of international relations assess the consequences of globalization for national security, identifying three distinct ‘processes’ of globalization - the intensification of economic exchange, the flow of information, and marketization (the expansion of the set of social relations governed by market forces)-exploring how they can affect the capacity and power of states as well as conflict within and among them. Though much has been written on the topics of globalization and national security, there has been relatively little in the way of a systematic examination of the impact that globalization has on a state's national security. These essays deal with how state-less actors, such as terrorists, utilize the benefits of globalization, changing the nature of the security game. Failure to account for the influence of globalization will make it increasingly difficult to understand changes in the balance of power, prospects for war, and strategic choices embraced by states.


Globalization and the National Security State

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In the past two decades, many have posited a correlation between the spread of globalization and the decline of the nation-state. In the realm of national ...

  • L'auteur : Norrin M. Ripsman,T.V. Paul
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780199741953
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 296
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1617
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Détails: In the past two decades, many have posited a correlation between the spread of globalization and the decline of the nation-state. In the realm of national security, advocates of the globalization thesis have argued that states' power has diminished relative to transnational governmental institutions, NGOs, and transnational capitalism. Initially, they pointed to declines in both global military spending (which has risen dramatically in recent years) and interstate war. But are these trends really indicative of the decline of nation-state's role as a guarantor of national security? In Globalization and the National Security State, T.V. Paul and Norrin M. Ripsman test the proposition against the available evidence and find that the globalization school has largely gotten it wrong. The decline in interstate warfare can largely be attributed to the end of the Cold War, not globalization. Moreover, great powers (the US, China, and Russia) continue to pursue traditional nation-state strategies. Regional security arrangements like the EU and ASEAN have not achieved much, and weak states--the ones most impacted by the turmoil generated by globalization--are far more traditional in their approaches to national security, preferring to rely on their own resources rather than those of regional and transnational institutions. This is a bold argument, and Paul and Ripsman amass a considerable amount of evidence for their claims. It cuts against a major movement in international relations scholarship, and is sure to generate controversy.


Social Dimensions of Information and Communication Technology Policy

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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Human Choice and Computers held in Pretoria, South Africa. The IFIP series pub ...

  • L'auteur : Chrisanthi Avgerou,Matthew L. Smith,Peter van den Besselaar
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 0387848223
  • Genre: Computers
  • Nombre de pages: 368
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 475
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Détails: This book constitutes the proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Human Choice and Computers held in Pretoria, South Africa. The IFIP series publishes state-of-the-art results in the sciences and technologies of information and communication. The scope of the series includes: foundations of computer science; software theory and practice; education; computer applications in technology; communication systems; systems modeling and optimization; information systems; computers and society; computer systems technology; security and protection in information processing systems; artificial intelligence; and human-computer interaction. Proceedings and post-proceedings of refereed international conferences in computer science and interdisciplinary fields are featured. These results often precede journal publication and represent the most current research. The principal aim of the IFIP series is to encourage education and the dissemination and exchange of information about all aspects of computing.


Globalization and Conflict

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This volume highlights the gap between the new security environment and the notion of state-centred national security favoured by Washington, showing how a ...

  • L'auteur : Robert G. Patman
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134239440
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 288
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1624
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Détails: This volume highlights the gap between the new security environment and the notion of state-centred national security favoured by Washington, showing how a Cold War phenomenon known as the national security state, in which defence and foreign policy interests essentially converge, remains largely intact. The conventional wisdom since the suicide attacks of 9/11 is that the world has been transformed and, according to President Bush, "September 11 changed the strategic thinking" of the US. This book challenges these assumptions. Indeed, the Bush administration’s National Security strategy of 2002 has reinvigorated and even extended the idea of national security. Paradoxically, the renewed emphasis on a distinctly state-centred approach to security, including the War on Terror, has unfolded during an era of deepening globalization. Drawing on the international expertise of fourteen specialists, the book examines four inter-related themes: the impact of globalization on the concept of security the strategic outlook of the world’s only superpower, the US the new conflicts that have come to characterize the post-Cold War era efforts to regulate the emerging patterns of conflict in the world. Globalization and Conflict will be essential reading for students of strategic studies, security studies and international relations.


The Cyber Threat and Globalization

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This book is designed for those who want a better grasp of the nature and existential threat of today’s information wars. It uses a conceptual approach t ...

  • L'auteur : Jack A. Jarmon,Pano Yannakogeorgos
  • Editeur: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 1538104326
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 280
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1874
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Détails: This book is designed for those who want a better grasp of the nature and existential threat of today’s information wars. It uses a conceptual approach to explain the relevant concepts as well as the structural challenges and responsibilities with which policy makers struggle and practitioners must work.


Globalization and Human Security

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This concise text presents a focused, well-rounded, and clear-eyed introduction to the concept of human security. Questioning the utility of traditional na ...

  • L'auteur : Paul Battersby,Joseph M. Siracusa
  • Editeur: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
  • ISBN: 9780742566538
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 264
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1671
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Détails: This concise text presents a focused, well-rounded, and clear-eyed introduction to the concept of human security. Questioning the utility of traditional national-security frameworks in the post–Cold War era, Paul Battersby and Joseph M. Siracusa argue that we must urgently reconsider the principle of state sovereignty in a global world where threats to humanity are beyond the capacity of any one nation to address through unilateral action. The authors highlight circumstances, actors, and influences beyond the traditional focus on state security, especially the role of international organizations and nongovernmental organizations. They also emphasize the importance of human rights, arguing for the development of an effective intervention capacity to protect individuals from state action as well as other security threats arising from conflict, poverty, disease, and environmental degradation. A welcome alternative to state-centric approaches to security, this balanced book will be a valuable supplement for courses in international and national security.


Globalization, Security, and the Nation State

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Explores the impact of globalization on the conduct of international affairs. ...

  • L'auteur : Ersel Aydinli,James N. Rosenau
  • Editeur: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 0791483487
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 290
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1025
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Détails: Explores the impact of globalization on the conduct of international affairs.


Challenges of the global century : report of the Project on Globalization and National Security

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  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: DIANE Publishing
  • ISBN: 9781428980655
  • Genre: ,
  • Nombre de pages: N.A
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1332
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Détails:


The Globalization of Security

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The Globalization of Security is an important rethinking of the connections between globalization and security, focusing on a conceptual examination of the ...

  • L'auteur : B. Mabee
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230234127
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 205
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 627
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Détails: The Globalization of Security is an important rethinking of the connections between globalization and security, focusing on a conceptual examination of the role of the state combined with key case studies. The book provides a novel historical sociological approach, advancing both the understanding of security and the theory of state power.


Contagion and Chaos

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An analysis of infectious disease as a threat to national security that examines the destabilizing effects of the 1918 Spanish Flu pandemic, HIV/AIDS in su ...

  • L'auteur : Andrew T. Price-Smith
  • Editeur: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 0262264242
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 294
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 806
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Détails: An analysis of infectious disease as a threat to national security that examines the destabilizing effects of the 1918 Spanish Flu pandemic, HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa, SARS, and Mad Cow Disease. Historians from Thucydides to William McNeill have pointed to the connections between disease and civil society. Political scientists have investigated the relationship of public health to governance, introducing the concept of health security. In Contagion and Chaos, Andrew Price-Smith offers the most comprehensive examination yet of disease through the lens of national security. Extending the analysis presented in his earlier book The Health of Nations, Price-Smith argues that epidemic disease represents a direct threat to the power of a state, eroding prosperity and destabilizing both its internal politics and its relationships with other states. He contends that the danger of an infectious pathogen to national security depends on lethality, transmissability, fear, and economic damage. Moreover, warfare and ecological change contribute to the spread of disease and act as “disease amplifiers.” Price-Smith presents a series of case studies to illustrate his argument: the Spanish influenza pandemic of 1918-19 (about which he advances the controversial claim that the epidemic contributed to the defeat of Germany and Austria); HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa (he contrasts the worst-case scenario of Zimbabwe with the more stable Botswana); bovine spongiform encephalopathy (also known as mad cow disease); and the SARS contagion of 2002-03. Emerging infectious disease continues to present a threat to national and international security, Price-Smith argues, and globalization and ecological change only accelerate the danger.


Human and National Security

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Deliberately challenging the traditional, state-centric analysis of security, this book focuses on subnational and transnational forces—religious and eth ...

  • L'auteur : Derek S. Reveron,Kathleen A. Mahoney-Norris
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0429994753
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 236
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 839
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Détails: Deliberately challenging the traditional, state-centric analysis of security, this book focuses on subnational and transnational forces—religious and ethnic conflict, climate change, pandemic diseases, poverty, terrorism, criminal networks, and cyber attacks—that threaten human beings and their communities across state borders. Examining threats related to human security in the modern era of globalization, Reveron and Mahoney-Norris argue that human security is national security today, even for great powers. This fully updated second edition of Human and National Security: Understanding Transnational Challenges builds on the foundation of the first (published as Human Security in a Borderless World) while also incorporating new discussions of the rise of identity politics in an increasingly connected world, an expanded account of the actors, institutions, and approaches to security today, and the ways diverse global actors protect and promote human security. An essential text for security studies and international relations students, Human and National Security not only presents human security challenges and their policy implications, it also highlights how governments, societies, and international forces can, and do, take advantage of possibilities in the contemporary era to develop a more stable and secure world for all.


Security and Global Governmentality

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This book examines global governance through Foucaultian notions of governmentality and security, as well as the complex intersections between the two. The ...

  • L'auteur : Miguel de Larrinaga,Marc G. Doucet
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135233047
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 192
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 364
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Détails: This book examines global governance through Foucaultian notions of governmentality and security, as well as the complex intersections between the two. The volume explores how Foucault's understanding of the general economy of power in modern society allows us to consider the connection of two broad possible dynamics: the global governmentalization of security and the securitization of global governance. If Foucault's work on governmentality and security has found resonance in IR scholarship in recent years it is in large part due to his understanding of how these forms of power must necessarily take into account the management of circulation that, in seeking to maximize ‘good’ versus ‘bad’ circulatory flows, brings into play and problematizes the 'inside'/'outside' upon which domestic and international spaces have been traditionally understood. Indeed, Foucault introduces a set of conceptual tools that can inform our analyses of globalization, global governance and security in ways that have been left largely unexplored in the discipline of IR. Miguel de Larrinaga is Assistant Professor at the University of Ottawa where he has been teaching since 2002. Marc G. Doucet is an Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at Saint Mary’s University.


Philippine Security in the Age of Terror

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As the twelfth most populous nation, the Philippines diverse religious and ethnic population makes it an ideal example of the changing tenet of what is dee ...

  • L'auteur : Rommel Banlaoi
  • Editeur: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1439815518
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Nombre de pages: 376
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 659
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Détails: As the twelfth most populous nation, the Philippines diverse religious and ethnic population makes it an ideal example of the changing tenet of what is deemed national security post 9/11. Issues previously considered social or public are now viewed as security issues. Food production is now analyzed in the context of food security and environmenta


Globalisation and Defence in the Asia-Pacific

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This edited volume examines the impact of globalisation on the economies, security policies and military-industrial complexes of the Asia-Pacific region. T ...

  • L'auteur : Geoffrey Till,Emrys Chew,Joshua Ho
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134069685
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 288
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1867
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Détails: This edited volume examines the impact of globalisation on the economies, security policies and military-industrial complexes of the Asia-Pacific region. The work is structured into three main parts. The first explores globalization and its general effects on the policy-making of the nation-state; the second section looks at how globalisation affects a country’s threat perception and defence posture within the specific context of the Asia-Pacific region; while the third explores how it impacts on a state’s allocation of resources to defence, and how economic globalization affects the defence industry, with specific reference to the procurement policies and practices of different states across the Asia-Pacific.


The Impact of Globalisation on Security

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Master's Thesis from the year 2001 in the subject Politics - International Politics - General and Theories, , course: Master in Governance and Political Tr ...

  • L'auteur : Abram Monotoane Mosala
  • Editeur: GRIN Verlag
  • ISBN: 3668540403
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 59
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1133
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Détails: Master's Thesis from the year 2001 in the subject Politics - International Politics - General and Theories, , course: Master in Governance and Political Transformation, language: English, abstract: The fundamental importance of this research work rests on the examination of how the globalisation of security has resulted in the state forfeiting some of its key functions in the area of security. The aim of the study, therefore, is to establish how, as a result of globalisation, the state is no longer able to fully provide security to its citizens. This study started off by outlining globalisation as a process of transformation. The ambivalent and contradictory nature of the process of globalisation was revealed. It was argued that the process of globalisation has an uneven effect on the people of the world. The second part of this study dealt with the concept of human security in the post-Cold War period. It was highlighted that the post-Cold War period necessitated a rethink of the traditional militaristic approach to security. It was shown that the military view of security was restricting and limiting the scope of study of security. Hence a need for a more inclusive approach was necessary. As a result, the security horizon was widened to include not only military, but also economic, political, social and environmental dimensions. The third section dealt with the complex relationship between globalisation and security. The complexity of the relationship emerged from the fact that the evolution of the relation is fundamentally tied to a historical perspective on the evolution of the state and security as a structure of international politics. The other issue which was highlighted was the fact that the state was undergoing transformation and as a result was adopting new roles in its performance of its security function. The complexity of the relationship was also shown by the fact that the process of globalisation is not driven by a single issue - for example economic issues - but instead it is multivariate. The last section analyzed the manifestations of the relationship between globalisation and security. Four interrelated sets of arguments were discussed, namely: security and extraterritoriality, security within global networks, new security agenda as a product of globalisation, and state capacity to provide security. It was revealed that although the introduction of nuclear weapons challenged the ability of states to provide security within its borders, the significance of territory still matters. The revolution in military technology has resulted in the globalisation of the arms trade and arms production.


The Impact of Globalization on Infectious Disease Emergence and Control

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Globalization is by no means a new phenomenon; transcontinental trade and the movement of people date back at least 2,000 years, to the era of the ancient ...

  • L'auteur : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
  • Editeur: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 9780309164719
  • Genre: Medical
  • Nombre de pages: 246
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1825
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Détails: Globalization is by no means a new phenomenon; transcontinental trade and the movement of people date back at least 2,000 years, to the era of the ancient Silk Road trade route. The global spread of infectious disease has followed a parallel course. Indeed, the emergence and spread of infectious disease are, in a sense, the epitome of globalization. Although some experts mark the fall of the Berlin Wall as the beginning of this new era of globalization, others argue that it is not so new. The future of globalization is still in the making. Despite the successful attempts of the developed world during the course of the last century to control many infectious diseases and even to eradicate some deadly afflictions, 13 million people worldwide still die from such diseases every year. On April 16 and 17, 2002, the Forum on Emerging Infections held a working group discussion on the influence of globalization on the emergence and control of infectious diseases. The contents of the unattributed sections are based on the presentations and discussions that took place during the workshop. The Impact of Globalization on Infectious Disease Emergence and Control report summarizes the presentations and discussions related to the increasing cross-border and cross-continental movements of people and how this could exacerbate the emergence and global spread of infectious diseases. This report also summarizes the means by which sovereign states and nations must adopt a global public health mind-set and develop a new organizational framework to maximize the opportunities and overcome the challenges created by globalization and build the necessary capacity to respond effectively to emerging infectious disease threats.


Globalization and Nationalism

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Argues for an original, unorthodox conception about the relationship between globalization and contemporary nationalism. While the prevailing view holds th ...

  • L'auteur : Natalie Sabanadze
  • Editeur: Central European University Press
  • ISBN: 9789639776531
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 209
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 632
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Détails: Argues for an original, unorthodox conception about the relationship between globalization and contemporary nationalism. While the prevailing view holds that nationalism and globalization are forces of clashing opposition, Sabanadze establishes that these tend to become allied forces. Acknowledges that nationalism does react against the rising globalization and represents a form of resistance against globalizing influences, but the Basque and Georgian cases prove that globalization and nationalism can be complementary rather than contradictory tendencies. Nationalists have often served as promoters of globalization, seeking out globalizing influences and engaging with global actors out of their very nationalist interests. In the case of both Georgia and the Basque Country, there is little evidence suggesting the existence of strong, politically organized nationalist opposition to globalization. Discusses why, on a broader scale, different forms of nationalism develop differing attitudes towards globalization and engage in different relationships.Conventional wisdom suggests that sub-state nationalism in the post-Cold War era is a product of globalization. Sabanadze?s work encourages a rethinking of this proposition. Through careful analysis of the Georgian and Basque cases, she shows that the principal dynamics have little, if anything, to do with globalization and much to do with the political context and historical framework of these cases. This book is a useful corrective to facile thinking about the relationship between the ?global? and the ?local? in the explanation of civil conflict. Neil MacFarlane, Lester B. Pearson Professor of International Relations and fellow at St. Anne?s College, Oxford University and chair of the Oxford Politics and International Relations Department.


Science and Security in a Post 9/11 World

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Based on a series of regional meetings on university campuses with officials from the national security community and academic research institutions, this ...

  • L'auteur : National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on a New Government-University Partnership for Science and Security
  • Editeur: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 9780309179553
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 136
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 572
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Détails: Based on a series of regional meetings on university campuses with officials from the national security community and academic research institutions, this report identifies specific actions that should be taken to maintain a thriving scientific research environment in an era of heightened security concerns. Actions include maintaining the open exchange of scientific information, fostering a productive environment for international scholars in the U.S., reexamining federal definitions of sensitive but unclassified research, and reviewing policies on deemed export controls. The federal government should establish a standing entity, preferably a Science and Security Commission, that would review policies regarding the exchange of information and the participation of foreign-born scientists and students in research.


Japanese Contemporary Politics

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In the postwar period, Japanese politics has evolved considerably, with issues of gender, representation, and household economics becoming increasingly sal ...

  • L'auteur : Akio Igarashi
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351227882
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 260
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 649
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Détails: In the postwar period, Japanese politics has evolved considerably, with issues of gender, representation, and household economics becoming increasingly salient. Meanwhile, since the end of the Cold War, Japan has joined other developed states in the process of decentralization and deindustrialization. Yet, its restructuring has come at a slower pace, as the Japanese bureaucracy attempts to retain a more traditional approach. This book, a translated and updated version of the author's 2010 monograph Nihon seijiron, traces these developments in Japanese politics from the end of the Asia Pacific wars to the present day. Examining each of the key stages of transition, it looks at four aspects of Japanese politics: high politics, interest-centered politics, life-centered politics, and globalization. It also provides up-to-date analysis of contemporary themes, including the Abe administration’s challenge to international politics and coverage of nuclear issues. Written by an experienced Japanese scholar, this book ultimately demonstrates how globalization has transformed the nature of local politics, as well as national security. However, as seen in the recent triple disaster of 2011 (a chapter on which has been added), Japanese politics retains traditional practices that have led to corruption, scandal, and political mistrust among the electorate. Offering a comprehensive introduction to Japanese politics, this book will be invaluable reading for students and scholars of Japanese politics and comparative and Asia politics in general.


Globalization and the New Politics of Embedded Liberalism

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As the world economy slides into the worst recession since the 1930s, there is fear that hard times will ignite a backlash against free trade policies and ...

  • L'auteur : Jude C. Hays
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199708932
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 208
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1111
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Détails: As the world economy slides into the worst recession since the 1930s, there is fear that hard times will ignite a backlash against free trade policies and globalization more generally. This book explores the political and economic institutional foundations of the bargain of embedded liberalism and the ways domestic institutions shape how governments redistribute the risks and benefits of economic globalization. The author identifies the Anglo-American democracies, because of their majoritarian polities combined with decentralized, competitive economies, as uniquely vulnerable to the contemporary challenges of globalization and the most susceptible to a backlash against it.