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Histoire De La Ville De Paris

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Histoire De La Ville De Paris

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  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: Рипол Классик
  • ISBN: 5874020551
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages:
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 716
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L'histoire de la ville de Paris. Le mythe de Paris

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Seminar paper de l’année 2016 dans le domaine Etudes des langues romanes - Français - Sciences Sociales / Culture, note: 2,0, Ruprecht-Karls-Universit ...

  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: GRIN Verlag
  • ISBN: 3346241491
  • Genre: Foreign Language Study
  • Nombre de pages: 23
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 700
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Détails: Seminar paper de l’année 2016 dans le domaine Etudes des langues romanes - Français - Sciences Sociales / Culture, note: 2,0, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, langue: Français, résumé: Personne ne va nier que Paris est entourée par une atmosphère très spéciale, par des secrets, des mythes, c’est le lieu des artistes, des musiciens, des flâneurs et des amants de la vie même. Selon des enquêtes effectuées dans les États-Unis la capitale de la France est la seconde destination plus populaire de toute l’Europe depuis de Rome. À part les petites rues pittoresques, les restaurants romantiques et la culture variée, les Américains apprécient surtout l’historicité de la ville - avec juste raison. Si on pense á Paris, on peut penser à la capitale de la France, un fait qui donne une importance politique énorme à la ville au niveau européen et mondial mais au premier lieu l’on pense à une ville qui est pleine de dates et d’évènements historiques importants. Paris est la ville où quelques-uns des évènements les plus importants de l’histoire européenne ont eu lieu ce que je vais illustrer dans ce qui suit. Derrière chaque rue, chaque place et beaucoup de monuments il se cache une histoire en espérant d’être découverte. Pour cela, Paris est une ville des mythes. Il y a beaucoup de populations qui ont habité la ville entre les deux fleuves et qui ont influencé et marqué la physionomie de la ville en laissant ses traces. L’histoire de la population de la région de Paris commence avec un campement de nomades. Entre le premier peuple gallois des Parisii et la métropole d’aujourd’hui, plus de 2000 ans d’histoire, de vie et de culture sont passés par les rives de la ville. La région n’a pas seulement changé son panorama et sa population, mais aussi son nom : Sous les Parisii, un peuple qui était une grande influence la ville s’appelait Lutetia Parisorium, sous le nom de Lucoteciia la ville est citée par les géographes de l’hellénisme tardif. Plus tard la ville s’appelait Lutèce. L’amphithéâtre qui est daté du premier siècle a encore le nom ‘Les arènes de Lutèce’. Le quatrième siècle est marqué par des batailles contre les peuples germaniques, de plus en plus la ville gagne en importance et Lutèce devient Paris.


The Secret History of Freemasonry

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Explores the hidden history of Freemasonry from ancient Rome, through the Middle Ages, to the present • Shows the close connection between medieval mason ...

  • L'auteur : Paul Naudon
  • Editeur: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 1620553376
  • Genre: Body, Mind & Spirit
  • Nombre de pages: 320
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1722
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Détails: Explores the hidden history of Freemasonry from ancient Rome, through the Middle Ages, to the present • Shows the close connection between medieval masons and the Knights Templar • Illustrates the sacred nature of Roman and medieval trade associations • Reveals the missing link that connects the lodges of modern Freemasonry to the medieval brotherhoods of builders Historians often make a sharp distinction between the operative Masonry of the Middle Ages and the speculative Masonry of modern times, emphasizing that there is no direct bridge connecting the two. Modern historians also have scoffed at Masonic claims concerning the close relationship between the Lodge and the Temple. Using medieval archives housed throughout Europe, historian Paul Naudon reveals that there was in fact a very intimate connection between the Masons and the Knights Templar. Church records of medieval Paris show that most, if not all, the Masons of that time were residents of the Templar censive, which allowed them to enjoy great exemptions and liberties from both church and state as a result of the protection afforded them by this powerful order. Naudon shows that the origins of Freemasonry can be traced back to the collegia of ancient Rome. He traces the evolution of organizations such as the Comacine Masters, the Arab turuqs, and the brotherhoods of builders created under the aegis of the Benedictines and the Knights Templar, all of which provide the vehicle for the transmission of a sacred tradition from pre-Christian times to the modern era. This tradition is the source of Masonic ritual and symbolism, and it provides the missing link in the transformation of the operative Masonry of the medieval cathedral builders to the spiritual principles of modern speculative Masonry.


History of Universities

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Volume XXII/2 of History of Universities contains the customary mix of learned articles, book reviews, and bibliographical information, which makes this pu ...

  • L'auteur : Mordechai Feingold
  • Editeur: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191551716
  • Genre: Education
  • Nombre de pages: 208
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1972
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Détails: Volume XXII/2 of History of Universities contains the customary mix of learned articles, book reviews, and bibliographical information, which makes this publication an indispensable tool for the historian of higher education. In this special issue, the contributors examine the institutional and intellectual history of the Collège de Montaigu, from the fourteenth to the eighteenth century. The volume offers a lively combination of original research and invaluable reference material.


Knowledge and the Early Modern City

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Knowledge and the Early Modern City uses case studies from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries to examine the relationships between knowledge and the ...

  • L'auteur : Bert De Munck,Antonella Romano
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0429808437
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 256
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1580
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Détails: Knowledge and the Early Modern City uses case studies from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries to examine the relationships between knowledge and the city and how these changed in a period when the nature and conception of both was drastically transformed. Both knowledge formation and the European city were increasingly caught up in broader institutional structures and regional and global networks of trade and exchange during the early modern period. Moreover, new ideas about the relationship between nature and the transcendent, as well as technological transformations, impacted upon both considerably. This book addresses the entanglement between knowledge production and the early modern urban environment while incorporating approaches to the city and knowledge in which both are seen as emerging from hybrid networks in which human and non-human elements continually interact and acquire meaning. It highlights how new forms of knowledge and new conceptions of the urban co-emerged in highly contingent practices, shedding a new light on present-day ideas about the impact of cities on knowledge production and innovation. Providing the ideal starting point for those seeking to understand the role of urban institutions, actors and spaces in the production of knowledge and the development of the so-called ‘modern’ knowledge society, this is the perfect resource for students and scholars of early modern history and knowledge.


Histoire des souterrains secrets de Paris

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Paris est connu et aimé surtout en "surface". Des générations de touristes ont parcouru ses rues et ses boulevards, visité ses musées, admiré ses mon ...

  • L'auteur : Fabrizio de Gennaro
  • Editeur: Digital Index Editeur
  • ISBN: 8897982980
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 350
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1426
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Détails: Paris est connu et aimé surtout en "surface". Des générations de touristes ont parcouru ses rues et ses boulevards, visité ses musées, admiré ses monuments. Mais sous la ville, sous les égouts et sous les lignes de métro elles-mêmes se cache une autre ville. D'innombrables galeries courent à 15-25 mètres de profondeur, quelquefois sur deux ou trois niveaux et sur presque 300 kilomètres sous la ville intra-muros: les Catacombes de Paris. À l’origine anciennes carrières de pierre d’où furent extraits les matériaux pour la construction d’innombrables monuments et bâtiments. Aujourd’hui ces souterrains offrent la possibilité inédite et inattendue de découvrir un Paris ancien et oublié. Parce que ces galeries ont su conserver des traces et des témoignages de l’histoire passée et des nombreux évènements dont Paris a été le théâtre au fil de l’Histoire. Des traces qui ont disparu de la surface. Officiellement, on ne peut visiter qu'une toute petite partie de ces mystérieux souterrains, située sous la rive gauche, d'environ 6 km et qui abrite une partie des anciens cimetières de la ville: 6 millions de restes humains. Le reste des galeries sont encore aujourd'hui parcourues par quelques aventuriers qui défient l'interdiction et les obstacles pour y entrer, généralement des plaques qui couvrent les puits à barreaux pour y descendre, souvent murés ou plombés. En fait, il est depuis toujours interdit d'entrer dans ces galeries et de les parcourir. Elles furent utilisées pour se cacher, s'enfuir ou se déplacer dans la ville de façon discrète pendant toutes les périodes "chaudes" de l'histoire de Paris: dès la Révolution française, pendant la Commune de Paris et dans toutes les époques agitées. Elles sont mentionnées à plusieurs reprises dans la littérature du XIXe siècle et plus récemment par Umberto Eco dans "Le Cimetière de Prague". Ces souterrains eurent une importance stratégique même à une époque plus récente quand, en 1937, la Cagoule, faction armée d'extrême droite, tenta un coup d'état fasciste peu connu; pendant la seconde guerre mondiale les allemands y construisirent des bunkers anti-aériens tandis que la Résistance Parisienne les utilisa comme quartier général à la Libération; pendant la guerre froide, le Gouvernement les utilisa, à l'insu du grand public, pour construire des refuges antiatomiques sous quelques bâtiments publics. Un Paris à découvrir.


Paris and the Cliché of History

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This book turns a compelling new lens on thinking about the history of Paris and photography. The invention of photography changed how history could be wri ...

  • L'auteur : Catherine E. Clark
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190681667
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 272
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 989
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Détails: This book turns a compelling new lens on thinking about the history of Paris and photography. The invention of photography changed how history could be written. But the now commonplace assumptions--that photographs capture fragments of lost time or present emotional gateways to the past--that structure today's understandings did not emerge whole cloth in 1839. Focusing on one of photography's birthplaces, Paris and the Cliché of History tells the story of how photographs came to be imagined as documents of the past. Author Catherine E. Clark analyzes photography's effects on historical interpretation by examining the formation of Paris's first photo archives at the Musée Carnavalet and the city's municipal library, their use in illustrated history books and historical exhibitions and reconstructions such as the 1951 celebration of Paris's 2000th birthday, and the public's contribution to the historical record in amateur photo contests. Despite the photograph's growing importance in these forums, it did not simply replace older forms of illustration, visual documentation, or written text. Photos worked in complex and shifting relation to other types of pictures as photographers, popular historians, and publishers built on the traditions and iconography of painting and engraving in order to both document the past scientifically and objectively and to reconstruct it romantically. In doing so, they not only influenced how Parisians thought about the city's past and how they pictured it; they also ensured that these images shaped how Parisians lived their own lives--especially in deeply charged moments such as the Liberation after World War II. This history of picturing Paris does not simply reflect the city's history: it is Parisian history.


Jules Michelet

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  • L'auteur : Stephen A. Kippur
  • Editeur: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 1438409168
  • Genre: Biography & Autobiography
  • Nombre de pages: 269
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1451
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The Cartographic Capital

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Through official maps, this book looks at how government presentations of Paris and environs change over the course of the Third Republic (1889-1934). Gove ...

  • L'auteur : Kory Olson
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 1786948656
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 309
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1964
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Détails: Through official maps, this book looks at how government presentations of Paris and environs change over the course of the Third Republic (1889-1934). Governmental policies, such as the creation of a mandatory national uniform educational system that will eventually include geography, combined with technological advances in the printing industry, to alter the look, exposure, reception, and distribution of government maps. The government initially seemed to privilege an exclusively positive view of the capital city and limited its presentation of it to land inside the walled fortifications. However, as the Republic progressed and Paris grew, technology altered how Parisians used and understood their urban space. Rail and automobiles made moving about the city and environs easier while increased industrialization moved factories and their workers further out into the Seine Department. During this time, maps transitioned from reflecting the past to documenting the present. With the advent of French urbanism after World War I, official mapped views of greater Paris abandoned privileging past achievements and began to mirror actual residential and industrial development as it pushed further out from the city centre. Finally, the government needed to plan for the future of greater Paris and official maps begin to show how the government viewed the direction of its capital city.


A History of the Food of Paris

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Paris has played a unique role in world gastronomy, influencing cooks and gourmets across the world. It has served as a focal point not only for its own cu ...

  • L'auteur : Jim Chevallier
  • Editeur: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 144227283X
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 266
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1734
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Détails: Paris has played a unique role in world gastronomy, influencing cooks and gourmets across the world. It has served as a focal point not only for its own cuisine, but for regional specialties from across France. For tourists, its food remains one of the great attractions of the city itself. Yet the history of this food remains largely unknown. A History of the Food of Paris brings together archaeology, historical records, memoirs, statutes, literature, guidebooks, news items, and other sources to paint a sweeping portrait of the city’s food from the Neanderthals to today’s bistros and food trucks. The colorful history of the city’s markets, its restaurants and their predecessors, of immigrant food, even of its various drinks appears here in all its often surprising variety, revealing new sides of this endlessly fascinating city.


The Story of Paris (Medieval Towns Series)

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This book is a comprehensive treatise on Parisian history from Graeco-Roman Paris to modernity. A fascinating and insightful volume, “The Story of Paris ...

  • L'auteur : Thomas Okey
  • Editeur: Read Books Ltd
  • ISBN: 147336289X
  • Genre: Travel
  • Nombre de pages: 581
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 356
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Détails: This book is a comprehensive treatise on Parisian history from Graeco-Roman Paris to modernity. A fascinating and insightful volume, “The Story of Paris” will appeal to those with an interest in French history, and it would make for a worthy addition to collections of allied literature. Contents include: “Gallo-Roman Paris”, “The Barbarian Invasions—St. Genevieve—The Conversion of Clovis”, “The Merovingian Dynasty”, “The Carlovigians—The Great Siege of Paris by the Normans—The Germs of Feudalism”, “The Rise of the Capetian Kings and the Growth of Feudal Paris”, “Paris under Philip Augustus and St. Louis”, et cetera. Thomas Okey (1852–1935) was a master basket-weaver, translator, and writer. Other notable works by this author include: “Venice and its Story” (1904), “Paris and its Story” (1925), “The Story of Avignon” (1926). Many vintage books such as this are becoming increasingly rare and expensive. We are republishing this volume now in an affordable, modern, high-quality edition complete with a specially commissioned new biography of the author.


Gender and Politics in the Age of Letter-Writing, 1750–2000

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Letters have long been an outlet for political expression, whether they articulate the personal politics of the daily routine or the political views of ind ...

  • L'auteur : Máire Cross
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1315317931
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Nombre de pages: 292
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1025
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Détails: Letters have long been an outlet for political expression, whether they articulate the personal politics of the daily routine or the political views of individuals who witness or participate in dramatic events. In addition, letters can be unusually revealing records of the relations between men and women. Though letters have frequently been studied as a privileged space for literary, social, and cultural expression, the three-dimensional relationship of politics, gender, and letters has not been the focus of an entire volume. The nineteen essays in this collection examine how the gendered nature of political literacy is revealed over a 250-year period through letter writing, whether the writer is famous or unknown, the wife of a prominent politician or activist, a political prisoner or political militant. Ranging wide in terms of subject matter and geography, the contributors examine correspondence that ponders familial concerns, as well as letters providing political commentary on the effects of war or revolution on everyday life. Among the impressive group of international scholars are Jim Allen, Clare Brant, Edith Gelles, Jane Rendall, and Siân Reynolds.


Histoire de Bic?tre

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Histoire de Bic?tre (hospice-prison-asile) d'apr?s des documents historique ...

  • L'auteur : P. Bru
  • Editeur: Рипол Классик
  • ISBN: 5873338752
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 480
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1337
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Détails: Histoire de Bic?tre (hospice-prison-asile) d'apr?s des documents historique


Paris Under Construction

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During the 1960s, building sites in Paris became spaces that expressed preoccupations about urban transformation, labour immigration and national identity. ...

  • L'auteur : Jacob Paskins
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317379454
  • Genre: Architecture
  • Nombre de pages: 234
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1113
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Détails: During the 1960s, building sites in Paris became spaces that expressed preoccupations about urban transformation, labour immigration and national identity. As new buildings and infrastructure changed the city, building sites revealed the substandard living and working conditions of migrant construction workers in France. Moreover, construction was the touchstone in debates about the dangers of urban life, and triggered action in communities whose districts faced demolition. Paris Under Construction explores the social, political and cultural responses to construction work and urban transformation in the Paris metropolitan region during the 1960s. This examination of a decade of intensive building work considers the ways in which the experience of construction was mediated, produced and reproduced through a range of complex and sometimes contradictory representations. The building sites that produced the new Paris are no longer visible, and were perhaps never intended to be seen, yet different groups closely observed and recorded construction, giving it meanings that went beyond specific building activities. The research draws extensively on French newspaper, television and radio archives, and delves into rarely examined trade union material. Paris Under Construction gives voice to the witnesses of—and participants in—urban transformation who are usually excluded from architectural and urban history.


Transforming Paris

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The Paris we know today, with its grand boulevards, its bridges and parks, its monumental beauty, was essentially built in only seventeen years, in the mid ...

  • L'auteur : David P. Jordan
  • Editeur: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 1439106010
  • Genre: Biography & Autobiography
  • Nombre de pages: 455
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1759
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Détails: The Paris we know today, with its grand boulevards, its bridges and parks, its monumental beauty, was essentially built in only seventeen years, in the middle of the nineteenth century. In this brief period, whole neighborhoods of medieval and revolutionary Paris -- over-crowded, dangerous, and filthy -- were razed, and from the rubble a modern city of light and air emerged. This triumphant rebuilding was chiefly the work of one man, Baron Georges Haussmann, Napoleon III's Prefect of the Seine. It was Haussmann's task to assert, in stone, the power and permanence of Paris, to show the world that it was the seat of an empire of mythic proportions. To this end, he imposed grand visual perspectives, as when he transformed Napoleon I's Arc de Triomphe into a magnificent twelve-armed star from which radiated the broadest boulevards of Europe. Below ground, his modern sewer system became one of the wonders of the civilized world, eagerly toured by royalty and commoners alike. Haussmann's mandate was not only to create an impression of grandeur but to secure the city for better control by government. By creating formal spaces where there had previously been a maze of chaotic streets, Haussmann opened Paris to effective police control and thwarted the recurrent demonstration of its well-known revolutionary fervor. The determined and autocratic Haussmann imprinted rational order and bourgeois civility on the unruly city which had for so long simmered with riot and insurrection. Though he planted chestnut trees, installed gas lights, rebuilt the water supply, and improved transportation and housing, Haussmann's labors were (and remain) controversial. He forced tens of thousands of the poor from the center of the city, and destroyed significant parts of old Paris. But in this important new biography David Jordan reminds us that Haussmann was not immune to the charms of the old city. By leaving some areas intact, the Baron achieved the grand effect of implanting a modern city boldly within an ancient one. Here, at last, Haussmann's labors are given the aesthetic as well as the historical appreciation they deserve.


Chocolate

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International Association of Culinary Professionals (IACP) 2010Award Finalists in the Culinary History category. Chocolate. We all love it, but how much do ...

  • L'auteur : Louis E. Grivetti,Howard-Yana Shapiro
  • Editeur: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1118210220
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Nombre de pages: 1000
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 670
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Détails: International Association of Culinary Professionals (IACP) 2010Award Finalists in the Culinary History category. Chocolate. We all love it, but how much do we really knowabout it? In addition to pleasing palates since ancient times,chocolate has played an integral role in culture, society,religion, medicine, and economic development across the Americas,Africa, Asia, and Europe. In 1998, the Chocolate History Group was formed by theUniversity of California, Davis, and Mars, Incorporated to documentthe fascinating story and history of chocolate. This book featuresfifty-seven essays representing research activities andcontributions from more than 100 members of the group. Thesecontributors draw from their backgrounds in such diverse fields asanthropology, archaeology, biochemistry, culinary arts, genderstudies, engineering, history, linguistics, nutrition, andpaleography. The result is an unparalleled, scholarly examinationof chocolate, beginning with ancient pre-Columbian civilizationsand ending with twenty-first-century reports. Here is a sampling of some of the fascinating topics exploredinside the book: Ancient gods and Christian celebrations: chocolate andreligion Chocolate and the Boston smallpox epidemic of 1764 Chocolate pots: reflections of cultures, values, and times Pirates, prizes, and profits: cocoa and early American eastcoast trade Blood, conflict, and faith: chocolate in the southeast andsouthwest borderlands of North America Chocolate in France: evolution of a luxury product Development of concept maps and the chocolate researchportal Not only does this book offer careful documentation, it alsofeatures new and previously unpublished information andinterpretations of chocolate history. Moreover, it offers a wealthof unusual and interesting facts and folklore about one of theworld's favorite foods.


Paris

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Deux mille ans d’histoire ont fait Paris. Au départ, il y a le carrefour des fleuves et des routes. Il y a la Seine et ses îles. Peu à peu, le site s ...

  • L'auteur : Jean Favier
  • Editeur: Fayard
  • ISBN: 2213639728
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 1010
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 911
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Détails: Deux mille ans d’histoire ont fait Paris. Au départ, il y a le carrefour des fleuves et des routes. Il y a la Seine et ses îles. Peu à peu, le site s’impose. Mais c’est la capitale qui donne à la ville un destin d’exception, celui d’une ville où tous les Français ont une part de leur histoire, et où se retrouve le monde entier. Tout un pays a nourri la croissance de sa capitale, et le monde a formé une société parisienne aux mille facettes. Ce livre n’est pas un simple récit, qui eût été celui d’une histoire de France vue de Paris. C’est l’analyse d’une construction politique, économique, intellectuelle et sociale dans un espace organisé pour ces fonctions qui n’ont cessé de se conjuger. S’attachant d’abord aux stuctures qui émergent lentement dans l’espace comme toutes les couches de la société, l’auteur en vient à ce qui compose, selon les moments, l’exception parisienne. Puis il décrit la vie du Parisien au jour le jour, sa vie chez lui, dans sa rue et dans son quartier, depuis le lointain Moyen Age jusqu’a nos jours. Une dernière partie est consacrée à une relation de ces moments où l’histoire de la France se fait à Paris, même si ceux qui la font sont plus souvent des Parisiens d’adoption que des Parisiens de souche.


Paris

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From the Roman Emperor Julian, who waxed rhapsodic about Parisian wine and figs, to Henry Miller, who relished its seductive bohemia, Paris has been a pere ...

  • L'auteur : Colin Jones
  • Editeur: Penguin
  • ISBN: 1440626995
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 592
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 302
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Détails: From the Roman Emperor Julian, who waxed rhapsodic about Parisian wine and figs, to Henry Miller, who relished its seductive bohemia, Paris has been a perennial source of fascination for 2,000 years. In this definitive and illuminating history, Colin Jones walks us through the city that was a plague-infested charnel house during the Middle Ages, the bloody epicenter of the French Revolution, the muse of nineteenth-century Impressionist painters, and much more. Jones’s masterful narrative is enhanced by numerous photographs and feature boxes—on the Bastille or Josephine Baker, for instance—that complete a colorful and comprehensive portrait of a place that has endured Vikings, Black Death, and the Nazis to emerge as the heart of a resurgent Europe. This is a thrilling companion for history buffs and backpack, or armchair, travelers alike.


How Paris Became Paris

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"This lively history charts the growth of Paris from a city of crowded alleyways and irregular buildings into a modern marvel."--New Yorker At the beginnin ...

  • L'auteur : Joan DeJean
  • Editeur: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
  • ISBN: 1620401134
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 256
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 716
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Détails: "This lively history charts the growth of Paris from a city of crowded alleyways and irregular buildings into a modern marvel."--New Yorker At the beginning of the seventeenth century, Paris was known for isolated monuments but had not yet put its brand on urban space. Like other European cities, it was still emerging from its medieval past. But in a mere century Paris would be transformed into the modern and mythic city we know today. Though most people associate the signature characteristics of Paris with the public works of the nineteenth century, Joan DeJean demonstrates that the Parisian model for urban space was in fact invented two centuries earlier, when the first complete design for the French capital was drawn up and implemented. As a result, Paris saw many changes. It became the first city to tear down its fortifications, inviting people in rather than keeping them out. Parisian urban planning showcased new kinds of streets, including the original boulevard, as well as public parks and the earliest sidewalks and bridges without houses. Venues opened for urban entertainment of all kinds, from opera and ballet to a pastime invented in Paris, recreational shopping. Parisians enjoyed the earliest public transportation and street lighting, and Paris became Europe's first great walking city. A century of planned development made Paris both beautiful and exciting. It gave people reasons to be out in public as never before and as nowhere else. And it gave Paris its modern identity as a place that people dreamed of seeing. By 1700, Paris had become the capital that would revolutionize our conception of the city and of urban life.


The Seine: The River that Made Paris

Telecharger pdf The Seine: The River that Made Paris

A vibrant, enchanting tour of the Seine from longtime New York Times foreign correspondent and best-selling author Elaine Sciolino. Elaine Sciolino came to ...

  • L'auteur : Elaine Sciolino
  • Editeur: W. W. Norton & Company
  • ISBN: 0393609367
  • Genre: Travel
  • Nombre de pages: 304
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1976
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Détails: A vibrant, enchanting tour of the Seine from longtime New York Times foreign correspondent and best-selling author Elaine Sciolino. Elaine Sciolino came to Paris as a young foreign correspondent and was seduced by a river. In The Seine, she tells the story of that river from its source on a remote plateau of Burgundy to the wide estuary where its waters meet the sea, and the cities, tributaries, islands, ports, and bridges in between. Sciolino explores the Seine through its rich history and lively characters: a bargewoman, a riverbank bookseller, a houseboat dweller, a famous cinematographer known for capturing the river’s light. She discovers the story of Sequana—the Gallo-Roman healing goddess who gave the Seine its name—and follows the river through Paris, where it determined the city’s destiny and now snakes through all aspects of daily life. She patrols with river police, rows with a restorer of antique boats, sips champagne at a vineyard along the river, and even dares to go for a swim. She finds the Seine in art, literature, music, and movies from Renoir and Les Misérables to Puccini and La La Land. Along the way, she reveals how the river that created Paris has touched her own life. A powerful afterword tells the dramatic story of how water from the depths of the Seine saved Notre-Dame from destruction during the devastating fire in April 2019. A “storyteller at heart” (June Sawyers, Chicago Tribune) with a “sumptuous eye for detail” (Sinclair McKay, Daily Telegraph), Sciolino braids memoir, travelogue, and history through the Seine’s winding route. The Seine offers a love letter to Paris and the most romantic river in the world, and invites readers to explore its magic for themselves.