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Archaeology and Language II

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Using language to date the origin and spread of food production, Archaeology and Language II represents groundbreaking work in synthesizing two disciplines ...

  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134828691
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 456
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1115
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Détails: Using language to date the origin and spread of food production, Archaeology and Language II represents groundbreaking work in synthesizing two disciplines that are now seen as interlinked: linguistics and archaeology. This volume is the second part of a three-part survey of innovative results emerging from their combination. Archaeology and historical linguistics have largely pursued separate tracks until recently, although their goals can be very similar. While there is a new awareness that these disciplines can be used to complement one another, both rigorous methodological awareness and detailed case-studies are still lacking in the literature. This three-part survey is the first study to address this. Archaeology and Language II examines in some detail how archaeological data can be interpreted through linguistic hypotheses. This collection demonstrates the possibility that, where archaeological sequences are reasonably well-known, they might be tied into evidence of language diversification and thus produce absolute chronologies. Where there is evidence for migrations and expansions these can be explored through both disciplines to produce a richer interpretation of prehistory. An important part of this is the origin and spread of food production which can be modelled through the spread of both plants and words for them. Archaeology and Language II will be of interest to researchers in linguistics, archaeologists and anthropologists.


African Ecology and Human Evolution

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The record of man's early evolution, though still fragmentary, is more complete on the African continent than anywhere else in the world. The ecological co ...

  • L'auteur : Francois Bourliere
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351533622
  • Genre: Nature
  • Nombre de pages: 676
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1696
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Détails: The record of man's early evolution, though still fragmentary, is more complete on the African continent than anywhere else in the world. The ecological context of this evolution, however, has been studied intensively only in recent years. This pioneering volume draws together eminent specialists from many fields--physical anthropologists, zoologists, geologists, paleontologists, and prehistorians--who summarize here the results of their diverse research on Pleistocene environments and the cultural and biological evolution of man in Africa. This volume was sponsored by the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research Inc., which met at Burg Wartenstein, Austria. The editors have field experience in Africa, especially eastern and equatorial Africa. This experience is coupled with their awareness of the need to integrate results of numerous field studies bearing on the biological-behavioral evolution of higher primates with other field studies on the paleoecology and the mammalian ecology of sub-Saharan Africa. The book includes contributions on Pleistocene stratigraphy and climatic changes throughout the African continent; on the origin and evolution of the earliest man-like creatures in Africa; on the dating, distribution, and adaptation of Pleistocene hunter-gatherer peoples; and on the ecology, biology, and social behavior of African primate and human populations. The chapters reflect vividly the state of current knowledge at the time and indicate paths for future research. Over 100 maps and figures, detailed bibliographies, and a comprehensive index contribute to the importance of the volume for basic reference use.


Third Millennium BC Climate Change and Old World Collapse

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Around 4000 years ago the advanced urban civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia and India suddenly collapsed. What happened? Did a prolonged drought cause the ...

  • L'auteur : H. Nüzhet Dalfes,George Kukla,Harvey Weiss
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642606164
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 728
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1280
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Détails: Around 4000 years ago the advanced urban civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia and India suddenly collapsed. What happened? Did a prolonged drought cause the breakdown of social order? Recent discoveries from all over the world strongly support the suspected link of the collapse with climate. The volume presents the findings of more than 40 researchers and provides a review on the relevant information. It appears that a major shift of the precipitation pattern affected many parts of the world at approximately the same time, with disastrous effects on the nomadic populations of Asia, Africa and Eastern Europe. Can a similar climate shift with a serious adverse impact on society happen again? In a world facing global warming, there could be many lessons to be learned from the experiences of ancient societies.


Diachronic Climatic Impacts on Water Resources

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Since the beginning of man's existence on Earth, the adequacy of available water has been as important as any other factor for man's survival and prosperit ...

  • L'auteur : Andreas N. Angelakis,Arie S. Issar
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642610846
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 411
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 428
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Détails: Since the beginning of man's existence on Earth, the adequacy of available water has been as important as any other factor for man's survival and prosperity. The volume comprises comprehensive reviews on: Paleoenvironments of arid land, climate-water-man interactions, water resources in the Minoan era, ancient Greek examples of avoiding water shortages, climatic changes in the eastern Mediterranean region since 5000 B.C., climatic evolution in ancient civilizations based on fossil studies, impact of climatic changes on groundwater and Mediterranean wetlands. The book is written for civil and agricultural engineers, hydrologists, geologists, environmental scientists and researchers. It is also useful as a reference to consulting engineers, agriculturists, environmentalists and students.


Culture and Customs of Mali

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Touching on everything from its rich musical heritage to its varied cultural traditions, this is a thorough and accessible introduction to the contemporary ...

  • L'auteur : Dorothea E. Schulz Ph.D.
  • Editeur: ABC-CLIO
  • ISBN: 031335913X
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 201
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 800
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Détails: Touching on everything from its rich musical heritage to its varied cultural traditions, this is a thorough and accessible introduction to the contemporary lives of the different peoples who call Mali their home. • A chronology of important political events and developments from the medieval empires of Mali until the contemporary period • Photographs of Malian life • A glossary of key terms, such as polygyny, marriage payments, and oral tradition • A bibliography of important work written in English on Mali, its history, peoples, culture, religion, and social customs


The Social Archaeology of Funerary Remains

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Human bones form the most direct link to understanding how people lived in the past, who they were and where they came from. The interpretative value of hu ...

  • L'auteur : Rebecca Gowland,Christopher Knusel
  • Editeur: Oxbow Books
  • ISBN: 1782972706
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 320
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1841
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Détails: Human bones form the most direct link to understanding how people lived in the past, who they were and where they came from. The interpretative value of human skeletal remains (within their burial context) in terms of past social identity and organisation is awesome, but was, for many years, underexploited by archaeologists. The nineteen papers in this edited volume are an attempt to redress this by marrying the cultural aspects of burial with the anthropology of the deceased.


Encyclopedia of Prehistory

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The Encyclopedia of Prehistory represents also defined by a somewhat different set of an attempt to provide basic information sociocultural characteristics ...

  • L'auteur : Peter N. Peregrine,Melvin Ember
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1461511933
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 381
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1668
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Détails: The Encyclopedia of Prehistory represents also defined by a somewhat different set of an attempt to provide basic information sociocultural characteristics than are eth on all archaeologically known cultures, nological cultures. Major traditions are covering the entire globe and the entire defined based on common subsistence prehistory of humankind. It is designed as practices, sociopolitical organization, and a tool to assist in doing comparative material industries, but language, ideology, research on the peoples of the past. Most and kinship ties play little or no part in of the entries are written by the world's their definition because they are virtually foremost experts on the particular areas unrecoverable from archaeological con and time periods. texts. In contrast, language, ideology, and The Encyclopedia is organized accord kinship ties are central to defining ethno ing to major traditions. A major tradition logical cultures. is defined as a group of populations sharing There are three types of entries in the similar subsistence practices, technology, Encyclopedia: the major tradition entry, and forms of sociopolitical organization, the regional sub tradition entry, and the which are spatially contiguous over a rela site entry. Each contains different types of tively large area and which endure tempo information, and each is intended to be rally for a relatively long period. Minimal used in a different way.


Paleomicrobiology

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This fascinating new volume comes complete with color illustrations and features the methodology and main achievements in the emerging field of paleomicrob ...

  • L'auteur : Didier Raoult,Michel Drancourt
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9783540758556
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 226
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1800
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Détails: This fascinating new volume comes complete with color illustrations and features the methodology and main achievements in the emerging field of paleomicrobiology. It’s an area research at the intersection of microbiology and evolution, history and anthropology. New molecular approaches have already provided exciting results, such as confirmation of a single biotype of Yersinia pestis as the cause of historical plague pandemics. An absorbing read for scientists in related fields.


Recherches archéologiques au Mali

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  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: KARTHALA Editions
  • ISBN: 9782865372850
  • Genre: Antiquities, Prehistoric
  • Nombre de pages: 567
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 520
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Archaeology and Language I

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Archaeology and Language I represents groundbreaking work in synthesizing two disciplines that are now seen as interlinked: linguistics and archaeology. Th ...

  • L'auteur : Roger Blench,Matthew Spriggs
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134828764
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 320
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 370
  • Telecharger: 370
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Détails: Archaeology and Language I represents groundbreaking work in synthesizing two disciplines that are now seen as interlinked: linguistics and archaeology. This volume is the first of a three-part survey of innovative results emerging from their combination. Archaeology and historical linguistics have largely pursued separate tracks until recently, although their goals can be very similar. While there is a new awareness that these disciplines can be used to complement one another, both rigorous methodological awareness and detailed case-studies are still lacking in literature. Archaeology and Language I aims to fill this lacuna. Exploring a wide range of techniques developed by specialists in each discipline, this first volume deals with broad theoretical and methodological issues and provides an indispensable background to the detail of the studies presented in volumes II and III. This collection deals with the controversial question of the origin of language, the validity of deep-level reconstruction, the sociolinguistic modelling of prehistory and the use and value of oral tradition.


Archaeology and Language III

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Archaeology and Language III interprets results from archaeological data in terms of language distribution and change, providing the tools for a radical re ...

  • L'auteur : Roger Blench,Matthew Spriggs
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134855869
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 320
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1052
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Détails: Archaeology and Language III interprets results from archaeological data in terms of language distribution and change, providing the tools for a radical rewriting of the conventional discourse of prehistory. Individual chapters present case studies of artefacts and fragmentary textual materials, concerned with the reconstruction of houses, maritime technology, pottery and grave goods.


Life and death of a rural village in Garamantian Times. Archaeological investigations in the oasis of Fewet (Libyan Sahara)

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This volume presents the results of the archaeological investigations in the oasis of Fewet (SW Libyan Sahara), carried out by the Archaeological Mission i ...

  • L'auteur : Lucia Mori
  • Editeur: All’Insegna del Giglio
  • ISBN: 8878145947
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 406
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1228
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Détails: This volume presents the results of the archaeological investigations in the oasis of Fewet (SW Libyan Sahara), carried out by the Archaeological Mission in the Sahara of the Sapienza University of Rome. Evidences of an ancient rural village were identified under the houses of the modern town of Tan Afella and a large necropolis, dated to the Garamantian times, spread at the fringes of the modern settlement. Until 1997 very little was known on the Garamantian period in the Wadi Tanezzuft area and on the transition from the pastoral to the early-historical phase. This period witnessed the gradual sedentarisation of human groups in the oases, and the development of caravan routes with the flourishing of an intra- and trans-Saharan trade. These processes, also influenced by significant alterations in climate, which led to the agricultural exploitation of the limited areas where water resources were available – the oases – were archaeologically unknown as far as settlements were concerned. The archaeological surveys and excavations carried out in the area of Fewet were particularly promising and are here analysed in a multidisciplinary perspective, which takes into consideration environmental and anthropological studies in the attempt to reconstruct the culture and the life of people inhabiting the Southern Fezzan region in early-historical times. «The historical archaeology of the Sahara remains an underdeveloped field of research, especially for the pre-Islamic period. The most significant exception to this rule has for long concerned the people known as the Garamantes, who inhabited the central Saharan region coincident with Libya’s south-west province, Fezzan. (…) This volume is a marvelous addition to the small corpus of published research on the Pre-Islamic oasis societies of the Sahara and provides a complementary perspective on the world of the Garamantes to the Anglo-Libyan work I have directed from their heartlands in the Wadi el-Ajal, c. 400 km to north-east of Ghat». Prof. David J. Mattingly, University of Leicester, UK.


The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers

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For more than a century, the study of hunting and gathering societies has been central to the development of both archaeology and anthropology as academic ...

  • L'auteur : Vicki Cummings,Peter Jordan,Marek Zvelebil
  • Editeur: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191025275
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 1264
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1416
  • Telecharger: 1416
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Détails: For more than a century, the study of hunting and gathering societies has been central to the development of both archaeology and anthropology as academic disciplines, and has also generated widespread public interest and debate. The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers provides a comprehensive review of hunter-gatherer studies to date, including critical engagements with older debates, new theoretical perspectives, and renewed obligations for greater engagement between researchers and indigenous communities. Chapters provide in-depth archaeological, historical, and anthropological case-studies, and examine far-reaching questions about human social relations, attitudes to technology, ecology, and management of resources and the environment, as well as issues of diet, health, and gender relations - all central topics in hunter-gatherer research, but also themes that have great relevance for modern global society and its future challenges. The Handbook also provides a strategic vision for how the integration of new methods, approaches, and study regions can ensure that future research into the archaeology and anthropology of hunter-gatherers will continue to deliver penetrating insights into the factors that underlie all human diversity.


Skeletal Impact of Disease

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  • L'auteur : Bruce M. Rothschild,Larry D. Martin
  • Editeur: New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science
  • ISBN:
  • Genre: Bones
  • Nombre de pages: 226
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 462
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Une archéologie des provinces septentrionales du royaume Kongo

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This book presents in detail the results of archaeological research carried out by the KongoKing project in the former northern provinces of the Kongo King ...

  • L'auteur : Bernard Clist,Pierre de Maret,Koen Bostoen
  • Editeur: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
  • ISBN: 178491973X
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 500
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1442
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Détails: This book presents in detail the results of archaeological research carried out by the KongoKing project in the former northern provinces of the Kongo Kingdom, currently located in the Democratic Republic of Congo.


Die Ostsahara im Spätquartär

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Erstmals eine Synthese aktueller geowissenschaftlich-ökosystemarer Analysen des größten hyperariden Raums der Erde: der Ostsahara. Forschungen belegen d ...

  • L'auteur : Hans-Joachim Pachur,Norbert Altmann
  • Editeur: Springer-Verlag
  • ISBN: 3540476253
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 662
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1423
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Détails: Erstmals eine Synthese aktueller geowissenschaftlich-ökosystemarer Analysen des größten hyperariden Raums der Erde: der Ostsahara. Forschungen belegen den dramatischen Klimawandel innerhalb der letzten ca. 13.000 Jahre. Die Rekonstruktion der ostsaharischen Geoökosysteme führt zu überraschenden Ergebnissen. Dieses Buch stellt potenzielle Geo-Biosphärenreservate vor und benennt Ziele eines "sanften" Tourismus. Mit 7 detaillierten Kartenbeilagen.


Histoire du Sahara

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  • L'auteur : René Pottier
  • Editeur: Nouvelles Editions Latines
  • ISBN: 9782723308595
  • Genre: Sahara
  • Nombre de pages: 334
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1545
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L'homme qui fait jaillir l'eau du désert

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Voici l’histoire extraordinaire d’un homme né à Madagascar, aventurier dans l’âme, qui a quitté le monde du pétrole pour partir, dans les espace ...

  • L'auteur : Alain Gachet
  • Editeur: JC Lattès
  • ISBN: 2709648989
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 300
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1398
  • Telecharger: 1398
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Détails: Voici l’histoire extraordinaire d’un homme né à Madagascar, aventurier dans l’âme, qui a quitté le monde du pétrole pour partir, dans les espaces les plus hostiles, à la recherche de l’eau – notamment dans les zones de conflits en Afrique et au Moyen-Orient. Apres avoir été ingénieur chez Elf, chercheur de minerais et de pierre, Alain Gachet a mis au point une nouvelle technique – le Hubble souterrain – qui lui a permis de découvrir d’immenses réserves d’eau dans les zones arides de la planète ; au Turkana au Kenya, au Soudan dans la région du Darfour, en Somalie, en Ethiopie, en Syrie, en Irak, ay Togo... Une véritable révolution aux enjeux et aux obstacles colossaux : politiques, économiques, militaires... un nouvel accès à l’eau peut changer tous les équilibres d’une région. Tous les pouvoirs s’affrontent autour de ces nouvelles ressources. Et quelles entreprises ou gouvernements vont payer forages et puits pour accéder à l’élément qui peut sauver des millions de vies mais qui ne rapportera rien. Car l’eau est ce qu’il y a de plus précieux dans ces régions peuplées d’hommes aux revenus insuffisants pour la payer ! Le défi que lance Alain Gachet est titanesque. Les réserves d’eau potable souterraines sont deux cents fois plus importantes que celles qui coulent sur la surface de notre planète.


Raids dans le Sahara central (Tchad, Libye, 1941-1987)

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Ce livre raconte Sarra, ce "trou dans le sable", étape vitale sur la piste chamelière Méditerranée-Tchad. Mais surtout le conflit tchado-libyen des ann ...

  • L'auteur : Florent Sené
  • Editeur: Editions L\'Harmattan
  • ISBN: 2296478654
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 402
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1937
  • Telecharger: 1937
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Détails: Ce livre raconte Sarra, ce "trou dans le sable", étape vitale sur la piste chamelière Méditerranée-Tchad. Mais surtout le conflit tchado-libyen des années 80, avec ses raids contre les bases aériennes. Il s'agit donc d'un essai d'histoire militaire moderne et africaine, la majorité des acteurs étant Africains.


Hydrogéologie - 4e éd.

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L'hydrogéologie, science de l'eau souterraine, a pour objectif de planifier au mieux l'exploitation des ressources en eau. Elle doit donc identifier des a ...

  • L'auteur : Eric Gilli,Christian Mangan,Jacques Mudry
  • Editeur: Dunod
  • ISBN: 2100753355
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 368
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1259
  • Telecharger: 1259
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Détails: L'hydrogéologie, science de l'eau souterraine, a pour objectif de planifier au mieux l'exploitation des ressources en eau. Elle doit donc identifier des aquifères ou nappes d'eau souterraine, mais elle doit, surtout aujourd'hui, protéger et gérer les ressources en eau. Cet ouvrage est structuré en quatre parties. La première présente le cycle de l'eau, les aquifères souterrains et la circulation des eaux. la deuxième décrit les outils et les méthodes de l'hydrogéologie. La troisième fait le point sur la ressource en eau à l'échelle de la planète. La quatrième porte sur l'hydrogéologie et le génie civil (glissements de terrain, barrages, tunnels...) Cette nouvelle édition actualisée présente les dernières techniques de modélisation en hydrogéologie et s'enrichit d'un lexique français/anglais.


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