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Surrealism and Photography in 1930s Japan

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Despite the censorship of dissident material during the decade between the Manchurian Incident of 1931 and the outbreak of the Pacific War in 1941, a numbe ...

  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1000185710
  • Genre: Art
  • Nombre de pages: 272
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 521
  • Telecharger: 521
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Détails: Despite the censorship of dissident material during the decade between the Manchurian Incident of 1931 and the outbreak of the Pacific War in 1941, a number of photographers across Japan produced a versatile body of Surrealist work. In a pioneering study of their practice, Jelena Stojkovic draws on primary sources and extensive archival research and maps out art historical and critical contexts relevant to the apprehension of this rich photographic output, most of which is previously unseen outside of its country of origin. The volume is an essential resource in the fields of Surrealism and Japanese history of art, for researchers and students of historical avant-gardes and photography, as well as forreaders interested in visual culture.


To the Ends of Japan

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What is Japan? Who are its people? These questions are among those addressed in Bruce Batten's ambitious study of Japan's historical development through th ...

  • L'auteur : Bruce L. Batten
  • Editeur: University of Hawaii Press
  • ISBN: 0824865200
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 352
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1056
  • Telecharger: 1056
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Détails: What is Japan? Who are its people? These questions are among those addressed in Bruce Batten's ambitious study of Japan's historical development through the nineteenth century. Traditionally, Japan has been portrayed as a homogenous society formed over millennia in virtual isolation. Social historians and others have begun to question this view, emphasizing diversity and interaction, both within the Japanese archipelago and between Japan and other parts of Eurasia. Until now, however, no book has attempted to resolve these conflicting views in a comprehensive, systematic way. To the Ends of Japan tackles the "big questions" on Japan by focusing on its borders, broadly defined to include historical frontiers and boundaries within the islands themselves as well as the obvious coastlines and oceans. Batten provides compelling arguments for viewing borders not as geographic "givens," but as social constructs whose location and significance can, and do, change over time. By giving separate treatment to the historical development of political, cultural, and ethnic borders in the archipelago, he highlights the complex, multifaceted nature of Japanese society, without losing sight of the more fundamental differences that have separated Japan from its nearest neighbors in the archipelago and on the Eurasian continent.


Historia mínima de Japón

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Este libro presenta, a grandes rasgos, el extraordindario desarrollo político, económico, social y cultural de Japón desde sus orígenes hasta nuestros ...

  • L'auteur : Michiko Tanaka
  • Editeur: El Colegio de Mexico AC
  • ISBN: 6074624402
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 407
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1027
  • Telecharger: 1027
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Détails: Este libro presenta, a grandes rasgos, el extraordindario desarrollo político, económico, social y cultural de Japón desde sus orígenes hasta nuestros días. Se trata, también, de una caracterización de los cambios y las permanencias durante el proceso de conformación de lo japonés, en contraste e interacción constante con as experiencias de otro pueblos.


Wood and Traditional Woodworking in Japan [Second edition]

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Japan is known to be a country of wood and "wood culture". Written sources on the practical aspect of traditional woodcraft, however, are scarce. For this ...

  • L'auteur : Mechtild MERTZ
  • Editeur: Kaiseisha press
  • ISBN: 4860993233
  • Genre: Wood
  • Nombre de pages: 259
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 808
  • Telecharger: 808
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Détails: Japan is known to be a country of wood and "wood culture". Written sources on the practical aspect of traditional woodcraft, however, are scarce. For this reason it was decided to undertake a study based on in-depth interviews of craftsmen who are specialised in various fields of traditional woodworking. From the data thus obtained it was possible to study the materials used, the techniques, the nomenclature, the aesthetics and the culture prevailing in the various fields of woodcraft. As a result both the technical and the symbolic and aesthetic properties of wood and woodworking become apparent, as seen from the point of view of Japanese craftsmen who owe their skill and expertise to traditions passed from one generation to the next. As such, this study contributes towards opening a new field of research for art historians, ethnobotanists, archaeologists and japanologists by supplying them with new means and tools to supplement their own. Apart from that, the present study, focusing on wood in all its aspects as it does, ties in with an academic trend that has been developing in Japan over the past few decades.


Japan's Emergence as a Modern State - 60th anniv. ed.

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Originally published in 1940 by the Institute of Pacific Relations (IPR), this classic work by a leading 20th-century Japanologist has an enduring value. J ...

  • L'auteur : Herbert E. Norman
  • Editeur: UBC Press
  • ISBN: 9780774841870
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 336
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1960
  • Telecharger: 1960
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Détails: Originally published in 1940 by the Institute of Pacific Relations (IPR), this classic work by a leading 20th-century Japanologist has an enduring value. Japan's Emergence as a Modern State examines the problems and accomplishments of the Meiji period (1868-1912). This edition includes forewords by: R. Gordon Robertson, a former member of the Canadian Department of External Affairs; Len Edwards, the present Canadian ambassador to Japan; and William L. Holland, former secretary-general of the IPR; as well as a preface and introduction by Lawrence Woods. Also included are 10 short essays by leading Canadian, Japanese, and American scholars of Japanese politics, history, and economics,


The Dismantling of Japan's Empire in East Asia

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The end of Japan’s empire appeared to happen very suddenly and cleanly – but, as this book shows, it was in fact very messy, with a long period of esta ...

  • L'auteur : Barak Kushner,Sherzod Muminov
  • Editeur: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1317284801
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 334
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1389
  • Telecharger: 1389
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Détails: The end of Japan’s empire appeared to happen very suddenly and cleanly – but, as this book shows, it was in fact very messy, with a long period of establishing or re-establishing the postwar order. Moreover, as the authors argue, empires have afterlives, which, in the case of Japan’s empire, is not much studied. This book considers the details of deimperialization, including the repatriation of Japanese personnel, the redrawing of boundaries, issues to do with prisoners of war and war criminals and new arrangements for democratic political institutions, for media and for the regulation of trade. It also discusses the continuing impact of empire on the countries ruled or occupied by Japan, where, as a result of Japanese management and administration, both formal and informal, patterns of behavior and attitudes were established that continued subsequently. This was true in Japan itself, where returning imperial personnel had to be absorbed and adjustments made to imperial thinking, and in present-day East Asia, where the shadow of Japan’s empire still lingers. This legacy of unresolved issues concerning the correct relationship of Japan, an important, energetic, outgoing nation and a potential regional "hub," with the rest of the region not comfortably settled in this era, remains a fulcrum of regional dispute.


Luis Frois: First Western Accounts of Japan's Gardens, Cities and Landscapes

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This book focuses on Luis Frois, a 16th-century Portuguese Jesuit and chronicler, who recorded his impressions of Japanese gardens, cities and building pra ...

  • L'auteur : Cristina Castel-Branco,Guida Carvalho
  • Editeur: Springer Nature
  • ISBN: 9811500185
  • Genre: Architecture
  • Nombre de pages: 241
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1957
  • Telecharger: 1957
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Détails: This book focuses on Luis Frois, a 16th-century Portuguese Jesuit and chronicler, who recorded his impressions of Japanese gardens, cities and building practices, tea-drinking rituals, Japan’s unification efforts, cultural traditions, and the many differences between Europe and Japan in remarkable manuscripts almost lost to time. This research also draws on other Portuguese descriptions from contemporary sources spanning the years 1543 – 1597, later validated by Japanese history and iconography. Importantly, explorer Jorge Alvares recorded his experiences of discovery, prompting St. Francis Xavier to visit Japan in 1549, thus ushering in the “Christian Century” in Japan. During this long period of accord and reciprocal curiosity, the Portuguese wrote in excess of 1500 pages of letters to European Jesuits that detail their impressions of the island nation—not to mention their observations of powerful public figures such as Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and Sen no Rikyu. In addition to examining these letters, the authors translated and researched early descriptions of 23 gardens in Kyoto and Nara and 9 important cities—later visited by the authors, sketched, photographed and compared with the imagery painted on 16th-century Japanese screens. However, the data gathered for this project was found mainly within five large volumes of Frois’ História do Japão (2500 pages) and his Treaty on Contradictions—two incomparable anthropological works that were unpublished until the mid-20th century for reasons detailed herein. His volumes continue to be explored for their insightful observations of places, cultural practices, and the formidable historical figures with whom he interacted. Thus, this book examines the world’s first globalization efforts that resulted in profitable commerce, the introduction of Portuguese firearms that changed Japan’s history, scientific advances, religious expansion, and many artistic exchanges that have endured the centuries.


Japan and the Great War

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In this book, seven internationally renowned experts on Japanese and Asian history have come together to investigate, with innovative methodological approa ...

  • L'auteur : Antony Best,Oliviero Frattolillo
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137546743
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 186
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 538
  • Telecharger: 538
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Détails: In this book, seven internationally renowned experts on Japanese and Asian history have come together to investigate, with innovative methodological approaches, various aspects of the Japanese experience during and after the First World War.


Urban Spaces in Japan

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Urban Spaces in Japan explores the workings of power, money and the public interest in the planning and design of Japanese space. Through a set of vivid ca ...

  • L'auteur : Christoph Brumann,Evelyn Schulz
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136318836
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 240
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1816
  • Telecharger: 1816
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Détails: Urban Spaces in Japan explores the workings of power, money and the public interest in the planning and design of Japanese space. Through a set of vivid case studies of well-known Japanese cities including Tokyo, Kobe, and Kyoto, this book examines the potential of civil society in contemporary planning debates. Further, it addresses the implications of Japan's biggest social problem – the demographic decline – for Japanese cities, and demonstrates the serious challenges and exciting possibilities that result from the impending end of Japan's urban growth. Presenting a synthetic approach that reflects both the physical aspects and the social significance of urban spaces, this book scrutinizes the precise patterns of urban expansion and shrinkage. In doing so, it also summarizes current theories of public space, urban space, and the body in space which are relevant to both Japan and the wider international debate. With detailed case studies and more general reflections from a broad range of disciplines, this collection of essays demonstrates the value of cross-disciplinary cooperation. As such, it is of interest to students and scholars of geography and urban planning as well as history, anthropology and cultural studies.


Japan and the Dutch 1600-1853

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This is the history of Dutch influence on Japan during the so-called 'closed centuries' between 1640 and 1853. Dutch maritime traders provided the only com ...

  • L'auteur : Grant K. Goodman
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136831800
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 304
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 407
  • Telecharger: 407
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Détails: This is the history of Dutch influence on Japan during the so-called 'closed centuries' between 1640 and 1853. Dutch maritime traders provided the only commercial link which Japan maintained with the west, and were thus the sole channel for western ideas and knowledge to reach neo-Confucian society. Professor Goodman explains the circumstances of the Dutch themselves in Japan during the seventeenth century, and the historical and intellectual milieu within which 'Dutch studies' were nurtured. He traces the initial interest of the Shogun government in European astronomy and medicine, and the gradual development of interest in wider spheres of western knowledge and culture.


Language Life in Japan

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Despite its monolingual self-image, Japan is multilingual and growing more so due to indigenous minority language revitalization and as an effect of migrat ...

  • L'auteur : Patrick Heinrich,Christian Galan
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136935932
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 272
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1301
  • Telecharger: 1301
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Détails: Despite its monolingual self-image, Japan is multilingual and growing more so due to indigenous minority language revitalization and as an effect of migration. Besides Japan's autochthonous languages such as the Ainu and Ryukyuan languages, there are more than 75,000 immigrant children in the Japanese public education system alone who came to Japan in the 1980s and who speak more than a hundred different languages. Added to this growing linguistic diversity, the importance of English as the language of international communication in business and science especially is hotly debated. This book analyses how this linguistic diversity, and indeed recognition of this phenomenon, presents a wide range of sociolinguistic challenges and opportunities in fundamental institutions such as schools, in cultural patterns and in social behaviours and attitudes. This topic is an important one as Japan fights to re-establish itself in the new world order and will be of interest to all those who are concerned language change, language versus dialect, the effect of modern technology on language usage, and the way national and social problems are always reflected through the prism of language.


Japan’s Agro-Food Sector

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This book describes the profound structural change in Japan's agriculture from its politically marginalized, economically fragmented, traditional labour-in ...

  • L'auteur : Albrecht Rothacher
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 1349103039
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Nombre de pages: 222
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 367
  • Telecharger: 367
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Détails: This book describes the profound structural change in Japan's agriculture from its politically marginalized, economically fragmented, traditional labour-intensive postwar mode of production to its current dual modern shape of a highly capitalized, politically organized and protected sector.


Transforming Empire in Japan and East Asia

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​This book examines the history of a military expedition the Japanese government sent to southern Taiwan in 1874, in the context of Japan’s subordinati ...

  • L'auteur : Robert Eskildsen
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 9811334803
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 383
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 727
  • Telecharger: 727
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Détails: ​This book examines the history of a military expedition the Japanese government sent to southern Taiwan in 1874, in the context of Japan’s subordination to Western powers in the unequal treaty system in East Asia. It argues that events on the ground in Taiwan show the Japanese government intended to establish colonies in southern and eastern Taiwan, and justified its colonial intent based on the argument that a state must spread civilization and political authority to territories where it claimed sovereignty, thereby challenging Chinese authority in East Asia and consolidating its power domestically. The book considers the history of the Taiwan Expedition in the light of how Japanese imperialism began: it emerged as part of the process of consolidating government power after the Meiji Restoration, it derived from Western imperialism, it developed in a dynamic relationship with Western imperialism and it increased Japan’s leverage in its competition for influence in East Asia.


Precarious Japan

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In an era of irregular labor, nagging recession, nuclear contamination, and a shrinking population, Japan is facing precarious times. How the Japanese expe ...

  • L'auteur : Anne Allison
  • Editeur: Duke University Press
  • ISBN: 0822377241
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 256
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1935
  • Telecharger: 1935
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Détails: In an era of irregular labor, nagging recession, nuclear contamination, and a shrinking population, Japan is facing precarious times. How the Japanese experience insecurity in their daily and social lives is the subject of Precarious Japan. Tacking between the structural conditions of socioeconomic life and the ways people are making do, or not, Anne Allison chronicles the loss of home affecting many Japanese, not only in the literal sense but also in the figurative sense of not belonging. Until the collapse of Japan's economic bubble in 1991, lifelong employment and a secure income were within reach of most Japanese men, enabling them to maintain their families in a comfortable middle-class lifestyle. Now, as fewer and fewer people are able to find full-time work, hope turns to hopelessness and security gives way to a pervasive unease. Yet some Japanese are getting by, partly by reconceiving notions of home, family, and togetherness.


Japan: The Dutch Experience

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This revision of Professor Goodman's earlier work, The Dutch Impact on Japan, originally published in 1967, was brought up-to-date with much new informatio ...

  • L'auteur : Grant Kohn Goodman
  • Editeur: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 1780934920
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 304
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 487
  • Telecharger: 487
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Détails: This revision of Professor Goodman's earlier work, The Dutch Impact on Japan, originally published in 1967, was brought up-to-date with much new information in 1986 in response to renewed interest in the Dutch influence on Japan during the so-called 'closed centuries' between 1640 and 1853. Professor Goodman explains the circumstances of the Dutch in Japan during the seventeenth century, and the historical and intellectual milieu within which 'Dutch studies' were nurtured. He traces the initial interest of the Shogun government in European astronomy and medicine, and the gradual development of interest to wider spheres of Western knowledge and culture. First published in 1986, this title is part of the Bloomsbury Academic Collections series.


Études économiques de l'OCDE : Japon 2000

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L’édition 2000 de l'Étude économique consacrée au Japon examine les développements récents, la politique et les perspectives économiques de ce pay ...

  • L'auteur : OECD
  • Editeur: OECD Publishing
  • ISBN: 926427703X
  • Genre: ,
  • Nombre de pages: 248
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 570
  • Telecharger: 570
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Détails: L’édition 2000 de l'Étude économique consacrée au Japon examine les développements récents, la politique et les perspectives économiques de ce pays. Elle comporte un chapitre consacré à l’amélioration de l’efficacité des dépenses publiques.


Japan, France, and East-West Aesthetics

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Japan, France is the first comprehensive history of the idea of Japan in France, as tracked through close readings of canonical French writers and thinkers ...

  • L'auteur : Jan Hokenson
  • Editeur: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press
  • ISBN: 9780838640104
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Nombre de pages: 520
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1901
  • Telecharger: 1901
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Détails: Japan, France is the first comprehensive history of the idea of Japan in France, as tracked through close readings of canonical French writers and thinkers from the 1860s to the present. The focus is literary and intellectual, the context cultural. The discovery of Japanese woodblock prints in Paris, following the opening of Japan to the West in 1854, was a startling aesthetic encounter that played a crucial role in the Impressionists' and Post-Impressionists' invention of Modernism. French writers also experimented with Japanese aesthetics in their own work, in ways that similarly thread into the foundations of literary Modernism. Japonisme (the practice of adapting Japanese aesthetics to creative work in the West) became a sustained French tradition, in texts by such writers as Zola and Proust through Barthes and Bonnefoy. Each generation discovered new Japanese arts and genres, commented on the work of their predecessors in this vein, and broke still more ground in East-West aesthetics to innovate in the forms of Western literature and thought. To read literary history in this way unsettles Eurocentric assumptions about many of the French writers who are commonly considered the


Liberal Trade and Japan

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LIBERAL TRADE AND JAPAN THE INCOMPATIBILITY ISSUE IN ELECTRONICS What would be the cause of those many trade conflicts between Japan and the West? Do just ...

  • L'auteur : Marcel F. van Marion
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642469426
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Nombre de pages: 298
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1806
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Détails: LIBERAL TRADE AND JAPAN THE INCOMPATIBILITY ISSUE IN ELECTRONICS What would be the cause of those many trade conflicts between Japan and the West? Do just lack of competitiveness and protectionism or inaccessibility of the Japanese market trigger repetitive trade conflicts or some mix? It may also be that economic systems of Japan and the Western industrial nations are incompatible. Both, the question of competitiveness and of frictions between both systems are addressed in this book. Incongruity of the economy of Japan and Western liberal system would have serious consequences for the continuity of the world trade system. H a contradiction between the two systems is supposed to exist, such a hypothesis would require analysis of the basics of the existing trade system and of the Japanese economy and what its effects on world trade are. H it would be possible to explain salient features of Japanese competitiveness from these frictions perhaps some recommendations could be made for improvement of business and governmental trade policies and of the international trade system. The present world trade system is partly framed in rules dating from the end of the 1940s and reflecting economic experience as well as prevailing - both theoretical and ideological - economic thought in the period prior to their design. Part A investigates the liberal basis of the international economic system and general position of Japan in that system.


Kaempfer's Japan

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Engelbert Kaempfer's History of Japan was a best-seller from the moment it was published in London in 1727. Born in Westphalia in 1651, Kaempfer traveled t ...

  • L'auteur : Engelbert Kaempfer
  • Editeur: University of Hawaii Press
  • ISBN: 0824863224
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 560
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1033
  • Telecharger: 1033
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Détails: Engelbert Kaempfer's History of Japan was a best-seller from the moment it was published in London in 1727. Born in Westphalia in 1651, Kaempfer traveled throughout the Near and Far East before settling in Japan as physician to the trading settlement of the Dutch East India Company at Nagasaki. During his two years residence, he made two extensive trips around Japan in 1691 and 1692, collecting, according to the British historian Boxer, "an astonishing amount of valuable and accurate information." He also learned all he could from the few Japanese who came to Deshima for instruction in the European sciences. To these observations, Kaempfer added details he had gathered from a wide reading of travelers' accounts and the reports of previous trading delegations. The result was the first scholarly study of Tokugawa Japan in the West, a work that greatly influenced the European view of Japan throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, serving as a reference for a variety of works ranging from encyclopedias to the libretto of "The Mikado." Kaempfer's work remains one of the most valuable sources for historians of the Tokugawa period. The narrative describes what no Japanese was permitted to record (the details of the shogun's castle, for example) and what no Japanese thought worthy of recording (the minutiae of everyday life). However, all previous translations of the History are flawed, being based on the work of an eighteenth-century Swiss translator or that of the German editor some fifty years later who had little knowledge of Japan and resented Kaempfer's praise of the heathen country. Beatrice Bodart-Bailey's impressive new translation of this classic, which reflects careful study of Kaempfer's original manuscript, reclaims the work for the modern reader, placing it in the context of what is currently known about Tokugawa Japan and restoring the humor and freshness of Kaempfer's observations and impressions. In Kaempfer's Japan we have, for the first time, an accurate and thoroughly readable annotated translation of Kaempfer's colorful account of pre-modern Japan.


Religion, Power, and the Rise of Shinto in Early Modern Japan

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This book sheds new light on the relationship between religion and state in early modern Japan, and demonstrates the growing awareness of Shinto in both th ...

  • L'auteur : Stefan Köck,Brigitte Pickl-Kolaczia,Bernhard Scheid
  • Editeur: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1350181072
  • Genre: Religion
  • Nombre de pages: 304
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1165
  • Telecharger: 1165
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Détails: This book sheds new light on the relationship between religion and state in early modern Japan, and demonstrates the growing awareness of Shinto in both the political and the intellectual elite of Tokugawa Japan, even though Buddhism remained the privileged means of stately religious control. The first part analyses how the Tokugawa government aimed to control the populace via Buddhism and at the same time submitted Buddhism to the sacralization of the Tokugawa dynasty. The second part focuses on the religious protests throughout the entire period, with chapters on the suppression of Christians, heterodox Buddhist sects, and unwanted folk practitioners. The third part tackles the question of why early Tokugawa Confucianism was particularly interested in “Shinto” as an alternative to Buddhism and what “Shinto” actually meant from a Confucian stance. The final part of the book explores attempts to curtail the institutional power of Buddhism by reforming Shinto shrines, an important step in the so called “Shintoization of shrines” including the development of a self-contained Shinto clergy.


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