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L Arme Biologique Japonaise 1880 2010

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Overcoming Empire in Post-Imperial East Asia

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When Emperor Hirohito announced defeat in a radio broadcast on 15th August 1945, Japan was not merely a nation; it was a colossal empire stretching from th ...

  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1350127078
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 264
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 588
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Détails: When Emperor Hirohito announced defeat in a radio broadcast on 15th August 1945, Japan was not merely a nation; it was a colossal empire stretching from the tip of Alaska to the fringes of Australia grown out of a colonial ideology that continued to pervade East Asian society for years after the end of the Second World War. In Overcoming Empire in Post-Imperial East Asia: Repatriation, Redress and Rebuilding, Barak Kushner and Sherzod Muminov bring together an international team of leading scholars to explore the post-imperial history of the region. From international aid to postwar cinema to chemical warfare, these essays all focus on the aftermath of Japan's aggressive warfare and the new international strategies which Japan, China, Taiwan, North and South Korea utilised following the end of the war and the collapse of Japan's empire. The result is a nuanced analysis of the transformation of postwar national identities, colonial politics, and the reordering of society in East Asia. With its innovative comparative and transnational perspective, this book is essential reading for scholars of modern East Asian history, the cold war, and the history of decolonisation.


Battle Grounds

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Base closures, use of airspace for weapons testing and low-level flying, environmental awareness, and Aboriginal land claims have focused attention in rece ...

  • L'auteur : P. Whitney Lackenbauer
  • Editeur: UBC Press
  • ISBN: 0774840021
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 368
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1177
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Détails: Base closures, use of airspace for weapons testing and low-level flying, environmental awareness, and Aboriginal land claims have focused attention in recent years on the use of Native lands for military training. But is the military's interest in Aboriginal lands new? Battle Grounds analyzes a century of government-Aboriginal interaction and negotiation to explore how the Canadian military came to use Aboriginal lands for training. It examines what the process reveals about the larger and evolving relationship between governments and Aboriginal communities and how increasing Aboriginal assertiveness and activism have affected the issue.


Marshal of Victory

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At Moscow, Leningrad, Stalingrad, Kursk and Berlin and in virtually all the principal battles on the Eastern Front during the Second World War, Georgy Zhuk ...

  • L'auteur : Geoffrey Roberts
  • Editeur: Pen and Sword
  • ISBN: 1473831830
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 960
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 628
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Détails: At Moscow, Leningrad, Stalingrad, Kursk and Berlin and in virtually all the principal battles on the Eastern Front during the Second World War, Georgy Zhukov played a major role. He was Stalin's pre-eminent general throughout the conflict, and in his autobiography he chronicled his brilliant career as he saw it and wanted it to be seen.His memoirs are fascinating reading because they portray in first-hand detail, through the entire course of the war, thethinking and decision-making at the highest level of the Soviet command. They are one of the indispensable sources for studying the struggle in the east, and they give the reader an intriguing insight into Zhukov the man as well as Zhukov the commander.This new edition of the memoirs, which were first published in heavily censored form in Russian in 1969, features a newintroduction by Professor Geoffrey Roberts who summarizes important additional material that was omitted from previous editions. He also provides, in an appendix, a translation of Zhukov's account of the 1953-7 period as well as an interview with Zhukov that has previously not been available in English.Zhukov's autobiography is an essential text for readers who are keen to deepen their understanding of how Stalin and his generals conducted the war on the Eastern Front.


The Gospel of Germs

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AIDS. Ebola. “Killer microbes.” All around us the alarms are going off, warning of the danger of new, deadly diseases. And yet, as Nancy Tomes reminds ...

  • L'auteur : Nancy Tomes
  • Editeur: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674257146
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 368
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1507
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Détails: AIDS. Ebola. “Killer microbes.” All around us the alarms are going off, warning of the danger of new, deadly diseases. And yet, as Nancy Tomes reminds us in her absorbing book, this is really nothing new. A remarkable work of medical and cultural history, The Gospel of Germs takes us back to the first great “germ panic” in American history, which peaked in the early 1900s, to explore the origins of our modern disease consciousness. Little more than a hundred years ago, ordinary Americans had no idea that many deadly ailments were the work of microorganisms, let alone that their own behavior spread such diseases. The Gospel of Germs shows how the revolutionary findings of late nineteenth-century bacteriology made their way from the laboratory to the lavatory and kitchen, with public health reformers spreading the word and women taking up the battle on the domestic front. Drawing on a wealth of advice books, patent applications, advertisements, and oral histories, Tomes traces the new awareness of the microbe as it radiated outward from middle-class homes into the world of American business and crossed the lines of class, gender, ethnicity, and race. Just as we take some of the weapons in this germ war for granted—fixtures as familiar as the white porcelain toilet, the window screen, the refrigerator, and the vacuum cleaner—so we rarely think of the drastic measures deployed against disease in the dangerous old days before antibiotics. But, as Tomes notes, many of the hygiene rules first popularized in those days remain the foundation of infectious disease control today. Her work offers a timely look into the history of our long-standing obsession with germs, its impact on twentieth-century culture and society, and its troubling new relevance to our own lives.


Reminiscences [Illustrated Edition]

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Written in his own hand and finished only weeks before his death, this memoir by Gen. Douglas MacArthur spans more than half a century of modern history. H ...

  • L'auteur : General Douglas MacArthur
  • Editeur: Pickle Partners Publishing
  • ISBN: 1787201821
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 466
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1997
  • Telecharger: 1997
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Détails: Written in his own hand and finished only weeks before his death, this memoir by Gen. Douglas MacArthur spans more than half a century of modern history. His vantage point at center stage during the major controversies of the twentieth century afforded him unique views of the conflicts in which he played a vital role. No soldier in recent times has been more admired—or reviled. Liberator of the Philippines, shogun of occupied Japan, victor of the battle of Inchon, the general was a national hero when suddenly relieved of his duties by President Truman in 1950. His supporters believe his genius for command and skill as a strategist stand as landmarks in military history. His critics are not so kind, calling him a gigantic ego paying homage to himself in this book. Regardless, Reminiscences is a moving final testament by one of America’s most decorated heroes, decade by decade, battlefield by battlefield. After graduation from West Point with the highest average ever achieved by a cadet, MacArthur served in Vera Cruz during the Mexican uprisings and later in World War I. His courage in the trenches and his leadership of the famous Rainbow Division won him seven Silver Stars. Appointed Supreme Commander of Allied Forces in the Pacific in World War II, he was the architect of the campaign to drive the Japanese from their strongholds at Bataan, Corregidor, and New Guinea. His account of the war is dramatically punctuated with revealing portraits of key personalities and insights into his stands on controversial issues. Richly illustrated throughout. “Douglas MacArthur’s memoirs...record an extraordinary and controversial public career of more than fifty years—as MacArthur wanted it remembered.”—Newsweek “MacArthur was praised and blamed most of the time for the wrong reasons. His Reminiscences, written in the last two years of his life, should help put him back in perspective.”—Time


Race and Gender in Modern Western Warfare

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This book fills a gap in the historiographical and theoretical fields of race, gender, and war. In brief, Race and Gender in Modern Western Warfare (RGMWW) ...

  • L'auteur : David Ulbrich,Bobby A. Wintermute
  • Editeur: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • ISBN: 3110477467
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 441
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1971
  • Telecharger: 1971
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Détails: This book fills a gap in the historiographical and theoretical fields of race, gender, and war. In brief, Race and Gender in Modern Western Warfare (RGMWW) offers an introduction into how cultural constructions of identity are transformed by war and how they in turn influence the nature of military institutions and conflicts. Focusing on the modern West, this project begins by introducing the contours of race and gender theories as they have evolved and how they are employed by historians, anthropologists, sociologists, and other scholars. The project then mixes chronological narrative with analysis and historiography as it takes the reader through a series of case studies, ranging from the early nineteenth century to the Global War of Terror. The purpose throughout is not merely to create a list of so-called "great moments" in race and gender, but to create a meta-landscape in which readers can learn to identify for themselves the disjunctures, flaws, and critical synergies in the traditional memory and history of a largely monochrome and male-exclusive military experience. The final chapter considers the current challenges that Western societies, particularly the United States, face in imposing social diversity and tolerance on statist military structures in a climates of sometimes vitriolic public debate. RGMWW represents our effort to blend race, gender, and military war, to problematize these intersections, and then provide some answers to those problems.


Duty, Honor, Country

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The present volume, first published in 1962, consists of two distinguished speeches given by the General of the U.S. Army, Douglas MacArthur. The first add ...

  • L'auteur : Douglas MacArthur
  • Editeur: Pickle Partners Publishing
  • ISBN: 1789125375
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 27
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1929
  • Telecharger: 1929
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Détails: The present volume, first published in 1962, consists of two distinguished speeches given by the General of the U.S. Army, Douglas MacArthur. The first address took place on April 19, 1951 and was held before a joint meeting of the two houses of United States Congress—the House of Representatives and the Senate—and took place in the Hall of the House of Representatives. This meeting followed on just one week from MacArthur’s removal from command by President Harry S. Truman. The second address was held on May 12, 1921 and was given to The Members of the Association of Graduates, U.S.M.A., The Corps of Cadets, and Distinguished Guests. It was given on the occasion of MacArthur’s acceptance of the Sylvanus Thayer Award for outstanding service to the nation, which had gone to Eisenhower the year before. The event was held at the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York.


Emerging Risks in the 21st Century An Agenda for Action

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This book explores the implications of newly developing risks such as hugely damaging hurricanes, new diseases, terrorist attacks, and disruptions to criti ...

  • L'auteur : OECD
  • Editeur: OECD Publishing
  • ISBN: 9789264101227
  • Genre: ,
  • Nombre de pages: 292
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1149
  • Telecharger: 1149
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Détails: This book explores the implications of newly developing risks such as hugely damaging hurricanes, new diseases, terrorist attacks, and disruptions to critical infrastructures.


The Iran-Iraq War

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From 1980 to 1988 Iran and Iraq fought the longest conventional war of the century. It included tragic slaughter of child soldiers, use of chemical weapons ...

  • L'auteur : Pierre Razoux
  • Editeur: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674915712
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 580
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 642
  • Telecharger: 642
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Détails: From 1980 to 1988 Iran and Iraq fought the longest conventional war of the century. It included tragic slaughter of child soldiers, use of chemical weapons, striking of civilian shipping, and destruction of cities. Pierre Razoux offers an unflinching look at a conflict seared into the region’s collective memory but little understood in the West.


A Darkened House

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From its first appearance in 1832 until the last scares of 1871, cholera aroused fear in British North America. The disease killed 20,000 people and its ps ...

  • L'auteur : Geoffrey Bilson
  • Editeur: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442633638
  • Genre: Medical
  • Nombre de pages: 236
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1292
  • Telecharger: 1292
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Détails: From its first appearance in 1832 until the last scares of 1871, cholera aroused fear in British North America. The disease killed 20,000 people and its psychological effects were enormous. Cholera unsettled governments, undermined the medical profession, exposed inadequacies in public health, and widened the division between rich and poor. In a fascinating and disturbing book, Geoffrey Bilson traces the story of the cholera epidemics as they ravaged the Canadas and the Atlantic colonies. The political repercussions were extensive, particularly in Lower Canada. Governments, both colonial and municipal, imposed various public health measures, including quarantine. These actions were always temporary and poorly enforced, and they sometimes met with violent opposition, especially among the poor and the immigrants, hit hardest by cholera. Even the panic that ensued from the periodic onslaughts of the disease could not overcome the prevailing laissez-faire attitude towards public health legislation. The medical profession was equally helpless. Doctors could neither cure the disease nor isolate its cause, and public sentiment against them ran high. A Darkened House is important reading for those interested in Canada’s social, political, and medical history.


The City Below The Hill

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The city below the hill is a detailed investigation of social conditions in a working class quarter of Montreal during the 1890s. Based on a house-to-house ...

  • L'auteur : Herbert Brown Ames
  • Editeur: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442633018
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 136
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1797
  • Telecharger: 1797
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Détails: The city below the hill is a detailed investigation of social conditions in a working class quarter of Montreal during the 1890s. Based on a house-to-house survey of the neighbourhood, this study catalogues and analyses the life of working people after the first years of rapid industrialization. Sir Herbert Brown Ames was one of the first to recognize that urbanization was inevitable and to set about improving the quality of city life. In this study, first published in book form in 1897, he moves towards the concept of urban ecology—the city is an organism defined by, and expressing itself in, a myriad of social and economic phenomena. As an organic whole its well-being depends upon the well-being of all its citizens. Within this pioneering work are the seeds of the town planning and social welfare movements that later tried to change the urban landscape. The city below the hill is crammed with facts and statistical analyses of late nineteenth century urban workers. A landmark in the development of urban consciousness in Canada and of sociological research, it is one of the first major efforts to solve problems that are still with us.


Japan's Comfort Women

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Japan's Comfort Women tells the harrowing story of the "comfort women" who were forced to enter prostitution to serve the Japanese Imperial army, often liv ...

  • L'auteur : Yuki Tanaka
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134650124
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 232
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1117
  • Telecharger: 1117
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Détails: Japan's Comfort Women tells the harrowing story of the "comfort women" who were forced to enter prostitution to serve the Japanese Imperial army, often living in appalling conditions of sexual slavery. Using a wide range of primary sources, the author for the first time links military controlled prostitution with enforced prostitution. He uncovers new and controversial information about the role of the US' occupation forces in military controlled prostitution, as well as the subsequent "cover-up" of the existence of such a policy. This groundbreaking book asks why US occupation forces did little to help the women, and argues that military authorities organised prostitution to prevent the widespread incidence of GI rape of Japanese women, and to control the spread of sexually transmitted diseases.


Public Health in the Age of Anxiety

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Controversies and scepticism surrounding vaccinations, though not new, have increasingly come to the fore as more individuals decide not to inoculate thems ...

  • L'auteur : Centre for Studies in Religion & Society
  • Editeur: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1487510411
  • Genre: Health & Fitness
  • Nombre de pages: 408
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1024
  • Telecharger: 1024
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Détails: Controversies and scepticism surrounding vaccinations, though not new, have increasingly come to the fore as more individuals decide not to inoculate themselves or their children for cultural, religious, or other reasons. Their personal decisions put the rights of the individual on a collision course with public and community safety. Public Health in the Age of Anxiety enhances both the public and scholarly understanding of the motivations behind vaccine hesitancy in Canada. The volume brings into conversation people working within such fields as philosophy, medicine, epidemiology, history, nursing, anthropology, public policy, and religious studies. The contributors critically analyse issues surrounding vaccine safety, the arguments against vaccines, the scale of anti-vaccination sentiment, public dissemination of medical research, and the effect of private beliefs on individual decision-making and public health. These essays model and encourage the type of productive engagement that is necessary to clarify the value of vaccines and reduce the tension between pro and anti-vaccination groups.


World Development Report 2010

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In the crowded field of climate change reports, 'WDR 2010' uniquely: emphasizes development; takes an integrated look at adaptation and mitigation; highlig ...

  • L'auteur : World Bank
  • Editeur: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN: 9780821379882
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 424
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1542
  • Telecharger: 1542
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Détails: In the crowded field of climate change reports, 'WDR 2010' uniquely: emphasizes development; takes an integrated look at adaptation and mitigation; highlights opportunities in the changing competitive landscape; and proposes policy solutions grounded in analytic work and in the context of the political economy of reform.


Ruins of Identity

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Many Japanese people consider themselves to be part of an essentially unchanging and isolated ethnic unit in which the biological, linguistic, and cultural ...

  • L'auteur : Mark James Hudson
  • Editeur: University of Hawaii Press
  • ISBN: 0824864190
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 336
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1157
  • Telecharger: 1157
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Détails: Many Japanese people consider themselves to be part of an essentially unchanging and isolated ethnic unit in which the biological, linguistic, and cultural aspects of Japanese identity overlap almost completely with each other. In its examination of the processes of ethnogenesis (the formation of ethnic groups) in the Japanese Islands, Ruins of Identity offers an approach to ethnicity that differs fundamentally from that found in most Japanese scholarship and popular discourse. Following an extensive discussion of previous theories on the formation of Japanese language, race, and culture and the nationalistic ideologies that have affected research in these topics, Mark Hudson presents a model of a core Japanese population based on the dual origin hypothesis currently favored by physical anthropologists. According to this model, the Jomon population, which was present in Japan by at least the end of the Pleistocene, was followed by agriculturalists from the Korean peninsula during the Yayoi period (ca. 400 BC to AD 300). Hudson analyzes further evidence of migrations and agricultural colonization in an impressive summary of recent cranial, dental, and genetic studies and in a careful examination of the linguistic and archaeological records. The final sections of the book explore the cultural construction of Japanese ethnicity. Cultural aspects of ethnicity do not emerge pristine and fully formed but are the result of cumulative negotiation. Ethnic identity is continually recreated through interaction within and without the society concerned. Such a view necessitates an approach to culture change that takes into account complex interactions with a larger system. Accordingly, Hudson considers post-Yayoi ethnogenesis in Japan within the East Asian world system, examining the role of interaction between core and periphery in the formation of new ethnic identities, such as the Ainu. He argues that the defining elements of the Ainu period and culture (ca. AD 1200) can be linked directly to a dramatic expansion in Japanese trade goods flowing north as Hokkaido became increasingly exploited by core regions to the south. Highly original and at times controversial, Ruins of Identity will be essential reading for students and scholars in Japanese studies and will be of interest to anthropologists and historians working on ethnicity in other parts of the world. Text adopted at University ofChicago


The Imperial Japanese Army

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The German offensives which crushed Poland in 1939 and swallowed most of Western Europe in less than two months in 1940 have been well documented and heavi ...

  • L'auteur : Bill Yenne
  • Editeur: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1782009825
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 376
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 686
  • Telecharger: 686
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Détails: The German offensives which crushed Poland in 1939 and swallowed most of Western Europe in less than two months in 1940 have been well documented and heavily studied, however, the overall picture of the remarkable Japanese offensive land campaign in 1941–42 has received less attention. In this fascinating new book, Bill Yenne documents the years when the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) was conducting its equally unstoppable ground campaign in the Far East, and unlike other books on this subject, he studies the campaign from the Japanese point of view. He reveals how the IJA were able to conquer huge swathes of Southeast Asia in a little over eight weeks after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Using first-hand accounts from Japanese sources, Yenne reveals the tactics and mindset of the IJA during their offensive, detailing the capturing of Manila, the Philippines, Hong Kong, Singapore, Burma, and the Dutch East Indies. Exploring the infrastructure and technical challenges of waging war across such a huge area, Yenne delves into the hardships that faced individual Japanese soldiers in theatre and explains how the Japanese were able to remain undefeated and establish the aura of invincibility that marked their campaign between 1941–42.


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