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La Logique Moderne

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Aspects of Modern Logic

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It is common to consider an area of science as a system of real or sup posed truths which not only continuously extends itself, but also needs periodical r ...

  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401033323
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 187
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 406
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Détails: It is common to consider an area of science as a system of real or sup posed truths which not only continuously extends itself, but also needs periodical revision and therefore tests the inventive capacity of each generation of scholars anew. It sounds highly implausible that a science at one time would be completed, that at that point within its scope there would be no problems left to solve. Indeed, the solution of a scientific problem inevitably raises new questions, so that our eagerness for knowledge will never find lasting satisfaction. Nevertheless there is one science which seems to form an exception to this rule, formal logic, the theory of rigorous argumentation. It seems to have reached the ideal endpoint of every scientific aspiration already very shortly after its inception; using the work of some predecessors, Aristotle, or so it is at least assumed by many, has brought this branch of science once and for all to a conclusion. Of course this doesn't sound that implausible. We apparently know what rigorous argumentation is; otherwise various sciences, in particular pure mathematics, would be completely impossible. And if we know what rigorous argumentation is, then it cannot be difficult to trace once and for all the rules which govern it. The unique subject of formal logic would therefore entail that this science, in variance with the rule which holds for all other sciences, has been able to reach completion at a certain point in history.


Knowledge and Faith

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Main headings: Part I. Logic and theology. - Part II. History of logic. - Part III. Metaphysics and ethics. - Comments and discussions. ...

  • L'auteur : Jan Salamucha
  • Editeur: Rodopi
  • ISBN: 9789042008946
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Nombre de pages: 419
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1781
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Détails: Main headings: Part I. Logic and theology. - Part II. History of logic. - Part III. Metaphysics and ethics. - Comments and discussions.


Introduction to Operations Research

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Introduction to Operations Research ...

  • L'auteur : Faure
  • Editeur: Academic Press
  • ISBN: 008095555X
  • Genre: Computers
  • Nombre de pages: 299
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1171
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Détails: Introduction to Operations Research


Signs of Humanity / L’homme et ses signes

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  • L'auteur : Gérard Deledalle,Michel Balat,Janice Deledalle-Rhodes
  • Editeur: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • ISBN: 3110854570
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Nombre de pages: 1802
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1736
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Ancient Logic and Its Modern Interpretations

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During the last half century there has been revolutionary progress in logic and in logic-related areas such as linguistics. HistoricaI knowledge of the ori ...

  • L'auteur : J. Corcoran
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401021309
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 217
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1705
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Détails: During the last half century there has been revolutionary progress in logic and in logic-related areas such as linguistics. HistoricaI knowledge of the origins of these subjects has also increased significantly. Thus, it would seem that the problem of determining the extent to which ancient logical and linguistic theories admit of accurate interpretation in modern terms is now ripe for investigation. The purpose of the symposium was to gather logicians, philosophers, linguists, mathematicians and philologists to present research results bearing on the above problem with emphasis on logic. Presentations and discussions at the symposium focused themselves into five areas: ancient semantics, modern research in ancient logic, Aristotle's logic, Stoic logic, and directions for future research in ancient logic and logic-related areas. Seven of the papers which appear below were originally presented at the symposium. In every case, discussion at the symposium led to revisions, in some cases to extensive revisions. The editor suggested still further revisions, but in every case the author was the finaljudge of the work that appears under his name.


Hegel, Marx and the Contemporary World

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This book is the result of a three-day conference held in April 2014 at the University of Montreal, Canada, discussing the relevance of the work of Hegel a ...

  • L'auteur : Emmanuel Chaput,Arnaud Theurillat-Cloutier
  • Editeur: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • ISBN: 1443896446
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 260
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 998
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Détails: This book is the result of a three-day conference held in April 2014 at the University of Montreal, Canada, discussing the relevance of the work of Hegel and Marx in today’s world, particularly with regard to the ecological, economic, political and anthropological crisis facing humanity. Accordingly, the book an exploration of the specific nature of the crisis we face both in our everyday lives and in the realm of theory. However, if indeed the necessity of a proper critique (Kritikos) is intimately linked to a state of crisis (Krisis), the conceptual frame necessary to produce such a critique may itself be in crisis. Among the vast number of critical oppositions to contemporary capitalism, what are the keys available to understand the present forms of human conditions, alienation and exploitation? Controversies and divisions among the different tendencies within the critical tradition tend to highlight the point that there is also a theoretical crisis, which prevents a proper diagnosis of the actual crisis, and prevents, in turn, a proper plan of action from being established. Looking back to Marx and Hegel allowed a return, if not to the sources, at least to two unavoidable influences among the various critical approaches to capitalism. Be it with or against Hegel and/or Marx, the criticisms of modernity, post-modernity and capitalism cannot neglect the shadows of these thinkers. Both Marx’s and Hegel’s philosophical, sociological and political enterprises must be linked historically to the will to diagnose and solve what they saw as the most important crises of their own time, from, in Hegel’s case, the spiritual crisis which followed the advent of modernity and its accompanying turmoil, to the social and political crisis caused by capitalism and the advent of a new industrial society, in Marx’s case. Both intellectual ventures are at every turn haunted by the notion of crisis. This book will appeal to anyone interested in Hegel’s and Marx’s philosophical and political theories. Not only does it provide the historical context necessary to understand properly the relation between Marx and Hegel, but it also places the relevance of their teachings for the contemporary reader in perspective.


Sport, Le Troisième Millénaire

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  • L'auteur : International Olympic Committee
  • Editeur: Presses Université Laval
  • ISBN: 9782763772677
  • Genre: Mass media and sports
  • Nombre de pages: 809
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1377
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Modern Linguistics and Language Teaching

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  • L'auteur : Peter Inkey,György Szépe
  • Editeur: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • ISBN: 3110890720
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Nombre de pages: 439
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1712
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Episodes in the History of Modern Algebra (1800-1950)

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Algebra, as a subdiscipline of mathematics, arguably has a history going back some 4000 years to ancient Mesopotamia. The history, however, of what is reco ...

  • L'auteur : Jeremy J. Gray,Karen Hunger Parshall
  • Editeur: American Mathematical Soc.
  • ISBN: 0821869043
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Nombre de pages: 336
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1298
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Détails: Algebra, as a subdiscipline of mathematics, arguably has a history going back some 4000 years to ancient Mesopotamia. The history, however, of what is recognized today as high school algebra is much shorter, extending back to the sixteenth century, while the history of what practicing mathematicians call "modern algebra" is even shorter still. The present volume provides a glimpse into the complicated and often convoluted history of this latter conception of algebra by juxtaposing twelve episodes in the evolution of modern algebra from the early nineteenth-century work of Charles Babbage on functional equations to Alexandre Grothendieck's mid-twentieth-century metaphor of a ``rising sea'' in his categorical approach to algebraic geometry. In addition to considering the technical development of various aspects of algebraic thought, the historians of modern algebra whose work is united in this volume explore such themes as the changing aims and organization of the subject as well as the often complex lines of mathematical communication within and across national boundaries. Among the specific algebraic ideas considered are the concept of divisibility and the introduction of non-commutative algebras into the study of number theory and the emergence of algebraic geometry in the twentieth century. The resulting volume is essential reading for anyone interested in the history of modern mathematics in general and modern algebra in particular. It will be of particular interest to mathematicians and historians of mathematics.


Charles S. Peirce, phénoménologue et sémioticien

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Le présent ouvrage est la première introduction française à une lecture systématique de Peirce. Par une reconstruction chronologique qui tente à supp ...

  • L'auteur : Gérard Deledalle
  • Editeur: John Benjamins Publishing
  • ISBN: 9027278989
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 114
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1824
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Détails: Le présent ouvrage est la première introduction française à une lecture systématique de Peirce. Par une reconstruction chronologique qui tente à supprimer quelques-uns des pseudo-problèmes que l’édition thématique des écrits de Peirce ont soulevés, cet ouvrage tente à donner une idée aussi exacte et complète que possible de la pensée de l’un des philosophes le plus original et universel de l’Amérique.


Images of Italian Mathematics in France

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The contributions in this proceedings volume offer a new perspective on the mathematical ties between France and Italy, and reveal how mathematical develop ...

  • L'auteur : Frédéric Brechenmacher,Guillaume Jouve,Laurent Mazliak,Rossana Tazzioli
  • Editeur: Birkhäuser
  • ISBN: 3319400827
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Nombre de pages: 316
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1629
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Détails: The contributions in this proceedings volume offer a new perspective on the mathematical ties between France and Italy, and reveal how mathematical developments in these two countries affected one another. The focus is above all on the Peninsula’s influence on French mathematicians, counterbalancing the historically predominant perception that French mathematics was a model for Italian mathematicians. In the process, the book details a subtle network of relations between the two countries, where mathematical exchanges fit into the changing and evolving framework of Italian political and academic structures. It reconsiders the issue of nationalities in all of its complexity, an aspect often neglected in research on the history of mathematics. The works in this volume are selected contributions from a conference held in Lille and Lens (France) in November 2013 on Images of Italian Mathematics in France from Risorgimento to Fascism. The authors include respected historians of mathematics, philosophers of science, historians, and specialists for Italy and intellectual relations, ensuring the book will be of great interest to their peers.


Logic and Philosophy in the Lvov—Warsaw School

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The Lvov-Warsaw School was active in all spheres of philosophy. Its members worked in the border area between philosophy and disci plines such as psycholog ...

  • L'auteur : Jan Wolenski
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400925816
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 374
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 745
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Détails: The Lvov-Warsaw School was active in all spheres of philosophy. Its members worked in the border area between philosophy and disci plines such as psychology, linguistics, and literary theory. But its most important achievements were without doubt in logic and philosophical analysis based on logic. The present book is concerned with fields to which the Lvov-Warsaw School made its most important and famous contributions. Data on the School as a whole are included only in the first and last part of the book. This work is based on my monograph (1985), which appeared in Polish. But it is not merely a translation, because some fragments of the Polish version have been omitted (e. g., the chapter on ethics), and some have been revised. Many persons helped me in my work on the book in Polish as well as on the present edition. I must first mention the late Izydora D~mbska, to whom this book is dedicated. On various detailed issues I have availed myself of advice and information given to me by Stefan Amsterdamski, Zdzislaw Augustynek, Kazimierz Czarnota, Henryk Hii, Boleslaw Iwanus, Jacek Jadacki, Jacek KabziIiski, Stanislaw Kiczuk, Tomasz Komendzinski, Janina Kotarbinska, Czeslaw Lejewski, Jerzy Perzanowski, Marian Przet~cki, the late Jerzy Slupecki, Klemens Szaniawski, Stefan Zamecki, Zbigniew Zwinogrodzki i Jan Zygmunt. I am indebted to Jaakko Hintikka for suggesting that my book be trans lated into English and published by Reidel. Olgierd Wojtasiewicz helped me to prepare the English text.


The Road to Universal Logic

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This second volume of a collection of papers offers new perspectives and challenges in the study of logic. It is presented in honor of the fiftieth birthda ...

  • L'auteur : Arnold Koslow,Arthur Buchsbaum
  • Editeur: Birkhäuser
  • ISBN: 3319153684
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Nombre de pages: 604
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 713
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Détails: This second volume of a collection of papers offers new perspectives and challenges in the study of logic. It is presented in honor of the fiftieth birthday of Jean-Yves Béziau. The papers touch upon a wide range of topics including paraconsistent logic, quantum logic, geometry of oppositions, categorical logic, computational logic, fundamental logic notions (identity, rule, quantification) and history of logic (Leibniz, Peirce, Hilbert). The volume gathers personal recollections about Jean-Yves Béziau and an autobiography, followed by 25 papers written by internationally distinguished logicians, mathematicians, computer scientists, linguists and philosophers, including Irving Anellis, Dov Gabbay, Ivor Grattan-Guinness, Istvan Németi, Henri Prade. These essays will be of interest to all students and researchers interested in the nature and future of logic.


Semiotics and Pragmatics

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This collective volume contains carefully selected papers presented at the international semiotics conference ‘Semiotique et pragmatique’ that took pla ...

  • L'auteur : Gérard Deledalle
  • Editeur: John Benjamins Publishing
  • ISBN: 9027278474
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Nombre de pages: 476
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1696
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Détails: This collective volume contains carefully selected papers presented at the international semiotics conference ‘Semiotique et pragmatique’ that took place in Perpignan on 17 to 19 November, 1983. The volume starts of with four debate papers by Searle, Apel, Greimas and Landowski, and is followed then by the main section which is subdivided by a historical, a theoretical and a practical section.


Logical Syntax of Language

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First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company. ...

  • L'auteur : Rudolf Carnap
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317830598
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 368
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1112
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Détails: First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


Logos of Phenomenology and Phenomenology of the Logos. Book One

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During its century-long unfolding, spreading in numerous directions, Husserlian phenomenology while loosening inner articulations, has nevertheless maintai ...

  • L'auteur : Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1402036809
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 468
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1377
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Détails: During its century-long unfolding, spreading in numerous directions, Husserlian phenomenology while loosening inner articulations, has nevertheless maintained a somewhat consistent profile. As we see in this collection, the numerous conceptions and theories advanced in the various phases of reinterpretations have remained identifiable with phenomenology. What conveys this consistency in virtue of which innumerable types of inquiry-scientific, social, artistic, literary – may consider themselves phenomenological? Is it not the quintessence of the phenomenological quest, namely our seeking to reach the very foundations of reality at all its constitutive levels by pursuing its logos? Inquiring into the logos of the phenomenological quest we discover, indeed, all the main constitutive spheres of reality and of the human subject involved in it, and concurrently, the logos itself comes to light in the radiation of its force (Tymieniecka).


A Taste for Luxury in Early Modern Europe

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Jon Stobart and Johanna Ilmakunnas bring together a range of scholars from across mainland Europe and the UK to examine luxury and taste in early modern Eu ...

  • L'auteur : Johanna Ilmakunnas,Jon Stobart
  • Editeur: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1474258247
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 336
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1083
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Détails: Jon Stobart and Johanna Ilmakunnas bring together a range of scholars from across mainland Europe and the UK to examine luxury and taste in early modern Europe. In the 18th century, debates raged about the economic, social and moral impacts of luxury, whilst taste was viewed as a refining influence and a marker of rank and status. This book takes a fresh, comparative approach to these ideas, drawing together new scholarship to examine three related areas in a wide variety of European contexts. Firstly, the deployment of luxury goods in displays of status and how these practices varied across space and time. Secondly, the processes of communicating and acquiring taste and luxury: how did people obtain tasteful and luxurious goods, and how did they recognise them as such? Thirdly, the ways in which ideas of taste and luxury crossed national, political and economic boundaries: what happened to established ideas of luxury and taste as goods moved from one country to another, and during times of political transformation? Through the analysis of case studies looking at consumption practices, material culture, political economy and retail marketing, A Taste for Luxury in Early Modern Europe challenges established readings of luxury and taste. This is a crucial volume for any historian seeking a more nuanced understanding of material culture, consumption and luxury in early modern Europe.


Creation and Metaphysics

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During the last twenty-five years or so, studies in Thomistic existentialism have repeatedly indicated that the notion of creation played a decisive role i ...

  • L'auteur : Herve J. Thibault
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 9401750823
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 87
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 535
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Détails: During the last twenty-five years or so, studies in Thomistic existentialism have repeatedly indicated that the notion of creation played a decisive role in St. Thomas Aquinas' view of existence as an existential act or actus es sendi. The importance for metaphysics of this view of existence as act war rants an investigation of the relation between creation and actus essendi; for St. Thomas is the only one, in the history of philosophy, to have con sidered existence as an act-of-being. This study will be limited to the early works of St. Thomas. By the time of the Summa Contra Gentiles, he had reached the key positions of his metaphysics. And the first fifty-three chap ters of the Summa Contra Gentiles were written in Paris before June, 1259; 1 the rest was completed in Italy before 1265. The project was therefore con ceived by St. Thomas during the first period of his career. How the notion of creation enabled him to transform the Aristotelian metaphysics of essence into a metaphysics of esse can be seen from three sections of the Summa Contra Gentiles. Although primarily a theological treatise, the Contra Gentiles never theless accomplishes a radical metaphysical transformation of Aristotelian ism by shifting the whole perspective from esse in actu per formam to actus essendi. Seen from the perspective of existential act as the absolute perfec tion, metaphysics is raised to a strictly transcendental plane of consideration.


The Propositional Logic of Avicenna

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The main purpose of this work is to provide an English translation of and commentary on a recently published Arabic text dealing with con ditional proposit ...

  • L'auteur : Avicenna
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401026246
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 320
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1334
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Détails: The main purpose of this work is to provide an English translation of and commentary on a recently published Arabic text dealing with con ditional propositions and syllogisms. The text is that of A vicenna (Abu represents his views on the subject as they were held throughout his life.


Interpreting the Bible and Aristotle in Late Antiquity

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This book brings together sixteen studies by internationally renowned scholars on the origins and early development of the Latin and Syriac biblical and ph ...

  • L'auteur : Josef Lössl
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317113497
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 360
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1902
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Détails: This book brings together sixteen studies by internationally renowned scholars on the origins and early development of the Latin and Syriac biblical and philosophical commentary traditions. It casts light on the work of the founder of philosophical biblical commentary, Origen of Alexandria, and traces the developments of fourth- and fifth-century Latin commentary techniques in writers such as Marius Victorinus, Jerome and Boethius. The focus then moves east, to the beginnings of Syriac philosophical commentary and its relationship to theology in the works of Sergius of Reshaina, Probus and Paul the Persian, and the influence of this continuing tradition in the East up to the Arabic writings of al-Farabi. There are also chapters on the practice of teaching Aristotelian and Platonic philosophy in fifth-century Alexandria, on contemporaneous developments among Byzantine thinkers, and on the connections in Latin and Syriac traditions between translation (from Greek) and commentary. With its enormous breadth and the groundbreaking originality of its contributions, this volume is an indispensable resource not only for specialists, but also for all students and scholars interested in late-antique intellectual history, especially the practice of teaching and studying philosophy, the philosophical exegesis of the Bible, and the role of commentary in the post-Hellenistic world as far as the classical renaissance in Islam.


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