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Le Comte De Monte Cristo I

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The Count Of Monte Cristo (Complete)

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This carefully crafted ebook: \"The Count Of Monte Cristo (Complete)” is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents. The ...

  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: e-artnow
  • ISBN: 8074844501
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Nombre de pages: 1316
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 839
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Détails: This carefully crafted ebook: "The Count Of Monte Cristo (Complete)” is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents. The Count of Monte Cristo (French: Le Comte de Monte-Cristo) is an adventure novel by French author Alexandre Dumas (père). It is one of the author's most popular works, along with The Three Musketeers. Dumas completed the work in 1844. The story takes place in France, Italy, islands in the Mediterranean, and in the Levant during the historical events of 1815–1838. It is an adventure story primarily concerned with themes of hope, justice, vengeance, mercy and forgiveness, it focuses on a man who is wrongfully imprisoned, escapes from jail, acquires a fortune and sets about getting revenge on those responsible for his imprisonment. However, his plans have devastating consequences for the innocent as well as the guilty. The book is considered a literary classic today. According to Luc Sante, "The Count of Monte Cristo has become a fixture of Western civilization's literature, as inescapable and immediately identifiable as Mickey Mouse, Noah's flood, and the story of Little Red Riding Hood." This English translation was originally published in 1846 by Chapman and Hall, London.


Le Comte De Monte-Cristo (Complete)

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  • L'auteur : Alexandre Dumas
  • Editeur: Library of Alexandria
  • ISBN: 146553928X
  • Genre: ,
  • Nombre de pages: 281
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1101
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Le Comte de Monte-Cristo 1 - Texte abrégé

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Marseille, 1815. Jamais Edmond Dantès n'a été aussi près du bonheur. Bientôt capitaine du trois-mâts le Pharaon, fiancé à la belle Mercédès, il v ...

  • L'auteur : Alexandre Dumas,Pierre-Marie Valat
  • Editeur: Livre de Poche Jeunesse
  • ISBN: 2013230648
  • Genre: Juvenile Fiction
  • Nombre de pages: 480
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 998
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Détails: Marseille, 1815. Jamais Edmond Dantès n'a été aussi près du bonheur. Bientôt capitaine du trois-mâts le Pharaon, fiancé à la belle Mercédès, il voit ses espérances comblées. Soudain, le rêve se brise. Une dénonciation anonyme et le voilà emprisonné au château d'If. Qui l'a trahi ? Pourquoi ? Dantès l'ignore, mais il se le jure : sa vengeance sera terrible.


The Black Count

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WINNER OF THE 2013 PULITZER PRIZE FOR BIOGRAPHY General Alex Dumas is a man almost unknown today, yet his story is strikingly familiar—because his son, t ...

  • L'auteur : Tom Reiss
  • Editeur: Crown
  • ISBN: 0307952959
  • Genre: Biography & Autobiography
  • Nombre de pages: 432
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1804
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Détails: WINNER OF THE 2013 PULITZER PRIZE FOR BIOGRAPHY General Alex Dumas is a man almost unknown today, yet his story is strikingly familiar—because his son, the novelist Alexandre Dumas, used his larger-than-life feats as inspiration for such classics as The Count of Monte Cristo and The Three Musketeers. But, hidden behind General Dumas's swashbuckling adventures was an even more incredible secret: he was the son of a black slave—who rose higher in the white world than any man of his race would before our own time. Born in Saint-Domingue (now Haiti), Alex Dumas made his way to Paris, where he rose to command armies at the height of the Revolution—until he met an implacable enemy he could not defeat. The Black Count is simultaneously a riveting adventure story, a lushly textured evocation of 18th-century France, and a window into the modern world’s first multi-racial society. TIME magazine called The Black Count "one of those quintessentially human stories of strength and courage that sheds light on the historical moment that made it possible." But it is also a heartbreaking story of the enduring bonds of love between a father and son.


Selected Works

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Lawyer, philosopher, statesman and defender of Rome's Republic, Cicero was a master of eloquence, and his pure literary and oratorical style and strict sen ...

  • L'auteur : Cicero
  • Editeur: Penguin UK
  • ISBN: 014119121X
  • Genre: Literary Collections
  • Nombre de pages: 272
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1668
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Détails: Lawyer, philosopher, statesman and defender of Rome's Republic, Cicero was a master of eloquence, and his pure literary and oratorical style and strict sense of morality have been a powerful influence on European literature and thought for over two thousand years in matters of politics, philosophy, and faith. This selection demonstrates the diversity of his writings, and includes letters to friends and statesmen on Roman life and politics; the vitriolic Second Philippic Against Antony; and his two most famous philosophical treatises, On Duties and On Old Age - a celebration of his own declining years. Written at a time of brutal political and social change, Cicero's lucid ethical writings formed the foundation of the Western liberal tradition in political and moral thought that continues to this day.


Le Comte de Monte-Cristo

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Le récit d’une vengeance Une conspiration et une erreur judiciaire transforment le noble Edmond Dantès en un implacable agent du destin : le Comte de M ...

  • L'auteur : Alexandre Dumas,Nockman Poon
  • Editeur: Nobi Nobi
  • ISBN: 2373496194
  • Genre: Comics & Graphic Novels
  • Nombre de pages: 404
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 705
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Détails: Le récit d’une vengeance Une conspiration et une erreur judiciaire transforment le noble Edmond Dantès en un implacable agent du destin : le Comte de Monte-Cristo. Obsédé par la vengeance et le pouvoir donné par la providence, le Comte prend sa revanche sur ceux qui l’ont enfermé dans un sombre cachot pendant quatorze années. Cependant, s’agit-il de justice ou d’orgueil démesuré ? Le Comte le sait-il lui-même ? Une trépidante saga aux multiples rebondissements mêlant intrigues et trahisons, dans un conflit entre le bien et le mal. Une adaptation fidèle à l’original Découvrez le destin tragique d’Edmond Dantès, personnage aux multiples visages, passé maître dans l’art du déguisement dans une adaptation manga fidèle au roman d’origine. Les illustrations réalistes servent à merveille le récit sombre de la vengeance implacable du personnage principal.


LFF B1 - Le Comte de Monte Cristo - Tome 1 (ebook)

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Une seule collection de lecture pour tous niveaux! Structure : Une collection de lecture en français pour se divertir, s'enrichir et perfectionner ses con ...

  • L'auteur : Alexandre Dumas
  • Editeur: Hachette Français Langue Etrangère
  • ISBN: 2011561094
  • Genre: Foreign Language Study
  • Nombre de pages: 96
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1129
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Détails: Une seule collection de lecture pour tous niveaux! Structure : Une collection de lecture en français pour se divertir, s'enrichir et perfectionner ses connaissances des grands classiques de la littérature française. Cette collection est accessible dès le niveau débutant, elle est organisée en quatre niveaux : A1, A2, B1, B2. Un dossier pédagogique à la fin de l'œuvre est renforcé par des activités de compréhension, des fiches thématiques et des corrigés intégrés. La définition des mots et des expressions difficiles figurent en bas de page. Descriptif : Edmond Dantès, sur le point de se marier, est arrêté et enfermé dans la terrible prison du château d'IF. Pourquoi cet emprisonnement? Trahison ou mensonge? Abandonné de tous, il rencontre l'abbé Faria... Livre numérique avec enregistrement audio intégré


Le Comte de Monte-Cristo 2 - Texte abrégé

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Le temps est venu pour Monte-Cristo d'accomplir sa vengeance. De ses ennemis, il n'ignore plus rien. Il a percé leurs secrets, exhumé un à un les autres ...

  • L'auteur : Alexandre Dumas,Pierre-Marie Valat
  • Editeur: Livre de Poche Jeunesse
  • ISBN: 2013230656
  • Genre: Juvenile Fiction
  • Nombre de pages: 544
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1830
  • Telecharger: 1830
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Détails: Le temps est venu pour Monte-Cristo d'accomplir sa vengeance. De ses ennemis, il n'ignore plus rien. Il a percé leurs secrets, exhumé un à un les autres crimes du passé. Danglars, Morcerf, Villefort. chacun sans le savoir est à présent à sa merci. Mais n'a-t-il pas oublié qu'il est un homme et que la moindre faiblesse peut faire tout échouer ?


The Count of Monte Cristo

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The Count of Monte Cristo (French: Le Comte de Monte-Cristo) is an adventure novel by Alexandre Dumas, père. It is often considered, along with The Three ...

  • L'auteur : Alexandre Dumas
  • Editeur: JA
  • ISBN: 2291072773
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Nombre de pages: 103
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1220
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Détails: The Count of Monte Cristo (French: Le Comte de Monte-Cristo) is an adventure novel by Alexandre Dumas, père. It is often considered, along with The Three Musketeers, as Dumas' most popular work. It is also among the highest selling books of all time. The writing of the work was completed in 1844. Like many of his novels, it is expanded from the plot outlines suggested by his collaborating ghostwriter Auguste Maquet. The story takes place in France, Italy, islands in the Mediterranean and the Levant during the historical events of 1815–1838 (from just before the Hundred Days through the reign of Louis-Philippe of France). The historical setting is a fundamental element of the book. It is primarily concerned with themes of hope, justice, vengeance, mercy, forgiveness and death, and is told in the style of an adventure story.


Le Comte de Monte-Cristo. T. 4

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Александр Дюма – один из значимых классиков французской литературы. Его произведен ...

  • L'auteur : Dumas A.
  • Editeur: Рипол Классик
  • ISBN: 5521054359
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Nombre de pages: N.A
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1961
  • Telecharger: 1961
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Détails: Александр Дюма – один из значимых классиков французской литературы. Его произведения продолжают покорять сердца читателей по всему миру. «Граф Монте-Кристо» - многократно экранизированный блестящий роман, в основе которого лежит история предательства и мести Эдмона Дантеса. Читателя ждут невероятные события, захватывающие повороты сюжета, искусные описания человеческих пороков и страстей, смех, слёзы, вера, надежда, любовь и торжество справедливости. Читайте зарубежную литературу в оригинале!


The Count of Monte Cristo

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'"Set in the time just before Napoleon''s return to power, this adventurous tale follows the trials and tribulations of Edmond Dantès. After being unjustl ...

  • L'auteur : Ena Moriyama
  • Editeur: Seven Seas Entertainment
  • ISBN: 1642753513
  • Genre: Young Adult Fiction
  • Nombre de pages: N.A
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1681
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Détails: '"Set in the time just before Napoleon''s return to power, this adventurous tale follows the trials and tribulations of Edmond Dantès. After being unjustly imprisoned on the day of his wedding, Edmond devises a plan that leads to his escape, a hoard of treasure, and a new identity: the Count of Monte Cristo. A tale of courage, vengeance, romance, and betrayal! "'


Le comte de Monte Cristo

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  • L'auteur : Александр Дюма
  • Editeur: Litres
  • ISBN: 5040221401
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Nombre de pages: N.A
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 877
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The Count of Monte Cristo Volume 1 (Book Center) [The 100 greatest novels of all time - #6]

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The Count of Monte Cristo The Count of Monte Cristo (French: Le Comte de Monte-Cristo) is an adventure novel by Alexandre Dumas, père. It is often conside ...

  • L'auteur : Alexandre Dumas
  • Editeur: BEYOND BOOKS HUB
  • ISBN:
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Nombre de pages: 517
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1001
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Détails: The Count of Monte Cristo The Count of Monte Cristo (French: Le Comte de Monte-Cristo) is an adventure novel by Alexandre Dumas, père. It is often considered, along with The Three Musketeers, as Dumas' most popular work. It is also among the highest selling books of all time. The writing of the work was completed in 1844. Like many of his novels, it is expanded from the plot outlines suggested by his collaborating ghostwriter Auguste Maquet. The story takes place in France, Italy, islands in the Mediterranean, and the Levant during the historical events of 1815–1838 (from just before the Hundred Days through the reign of Louis-Philippe of France). The historical setting is a fundamental element of the book. It is primarily concerned with themes of hope, justice, vengeance, mercy, forgiveness, and death, and is told in the style of an adventure story. The Count of Monte Cristo Began to read 'Monte Cristo' at six one morning and never stopped till eleven at night." —William Makepeace Thackeray "Alexandre Dumas is more than French, he is European; he's more than European, he is universal." —Victor Hugo "No novelist since Dumas has been more irreverent of the conventions of well-made fiction or any more determined to tell stories without identifiable centers." The Count of Monte Cristo Set against the turbulent years of the Napoleonic era, Alexandre Dumas's thrilling adventure story is one of the most widely read romantic novels of all time. In it the dashing young hero, Edmond Dantès, is betrayed by his enemies and thrown into a secret dungeon in the Chateau d'If — doomed to spend his life in a dank prison cell. The story of his long, intolerable years in captivity, his miraculous escape, and his carefully wrought revenge creates a dramatic tale of mystery and intrigue and paints a vision of France — a dazzling, dueling, exuberant France — that has become immortal. The Count of Monte Cristo: The epic tale of wrongful imprisonment, adventure, and revenge, in its definitive translation Thrown in prison for a crime he has not committed, Edmond Dantès is confined to the grim fortress of If. There he learns of a great hoard of treasure hidden on the Isle of Monte Cristo and he becomes determined not only to escape but also to use the treasure to plot the destruction of the three men responsible for his incarceration. Dumas' epic tale of suffering and retribution, inspired by a real-life case of wrongful imprisonment, was a huge popular success when it was first serialized in the 1840s. —Terrence Rafferty


The Last Cavalier: Being the Adventures of Count Sainte-Hermine in the Age of Napoleon

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Selected as a Top Ten Book of the Year by The Washington Post: the newly discovered last novel by the author of The Three Musketeers. Rousing, big, spirite ...

  • L'auteur : Alexandre Dumas
  • Editeur: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 1605982946
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Nombre de pages: 864
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1442
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Détails: Selected as a Top Ten Book of the Year by The Washington Post: the newly discovered last novel by the author of The Three Musketeers. Rousing, big, spirited, its action sweeping across oceans and continents, its hero gloriously indomitable, the last novel of Alexandre Dumas—lost for 125 years in the archives of the National Library in Paris—completes the oeuvre that Dumas imagined at the outset of his literary career. Indeed, the story of France from the Renaissance to the nineteenth century, as Dumas vibrantly retold it in his numerous enormously popular novels, has long been absent one vital, richly historical era: the Age of Napoleon. But no longer. Now, dynamically, in a tale of family honor and undying vengeance, of high adventure and heroic derring-do, The Last Cavalier fills that gap.


The Man in the Iron Mask

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The Vicomte of Bragelonne: Ten Years Later (Le Vicomte de Bragelonne ou Dix ans plus tard) is a novel by Alexandre Dumas, père. It is the third and last o ...

  • L'auteur : Alexandre Dumas
  • Editeur: MVP
  • ISBN: 2291062107
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Nombre de pages: 321
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1402
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Détails: The Vicomte of Bragelonne: Ten Years Later (Le Vicomte de Bragelonne ou Dix ans plus tard) is a novel by Alexandre Dumas, père. It is the third and last of the d'Artagnan Romances following The Three Musketeers and Twenty Years After. It appeared first in serial form between 1847 and 1850. The Man in the Iron Mask is the fourth and final volume.


The Count of Monte Cristo

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  • L'auteur : Alexandre Dumas
  • Editeur:
  • ISBN: 2291035673
  • Genre: ,
  • Nombre de pages: N.A
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 707
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The Ultimate French Review and Practice, Premium Fourth Edition

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The most popular French-language guide now has app-based audio to improve your pronunciation and listening skills With The Ultimate French Review and Pract ...

  • L'auteur : David M. Stillman,Ronni L. Gordon
  • Editeur: McGraw Hill Professional
  • ISBN: 1260452425
  • Genre: Foreign Language Study
  • Nombre de pages: 448
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 885
  • Telecharger: 885
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Détails: The most popular French-language guide now has app-based audio to improve your pronunciation and listening skills With The Ultimate French Review and Practice, you’ll master French the best possible way—through a combination of review, practice, and listening to real French speakers. Every grammatical concept is illustrated with lively examples, all complemented by hands-on exercises that drive home lessons learned. The Ultimate French Review and Practice features: •400+ exercises with scene-setting instructions in French•Pre- and post-tests that help you identify strengths/weaknesses and assess progress •Flashcards for all vocabulary lists, with quiz format to test memorization•Streaming audio exercises enhance the learning process


Le comte de Monte-Cristo

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Nouvelle édition de Le comte de Monte-Cristo de Dumas augmentée d'annexes (Dumas, sa vie, son temps, son œuvre par de Bury). L'ouvrage a été spécifiq ...

  • L'auteur : Dumas, Alexandre
  • Editeur: Arvensa Editions
  • ISBN:
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Nombre de pages: 900
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1751
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Détails: Nouvelle édition de Le comte de Monte-Cristo de Dumas augmentée d'annexes (Dumas, sa vie, son temps, son œuvre par de Bury). L'ouvrage a été spécifiquement mis en forme pour votre liseuse. - Naviguez par simple clic de chapitre à chapitre ou de livre à livre. - Accédez instantanément à la table des matières hyperliée globale. - Une table des matières est placée également au début de chaque titre. A PROPOS DE L'ÉDITEUR : Les éditions Arvensa, leaders de la littérature classique numérique, ont l'objectif de vous faire connaître les oeuvres des grands auteurs de la littérature classique à un prix abordable, tout en vous fournissant la meilleure expérience de lecture sur votre liseuse. Tous les titres sont produits avec le plus grand soin et bénéficient d'un système de navigation optimale. Le service qualité s’engage à vous répondre dans les 48h. Retrouvez tous les titres et offres privilégiées des éditions Arvensa sur leur site.


The Count of Monte Cristo I

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Prison breaks, thwarted love affairs, buried treasure—"The Count of Monte Cristo" has it all. ​If you love Dumas' "The Three Musketeers", this is your ...

  • L'auteur : Alexandre Dumas
  • Editeur: Lindhardt og Ringhof
  • ISBN: 8726612240
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Nombre de pages: 394
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 613
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Détails: Prison breaks, thwarted love affairs, buried treasure—"The Count of Monte Cristo" has it all. ​If you love Dumas' "The Three Musketeers", this is your next must-read adventure. In Volume I, we meet Frenchman Edmond Dantes. His future looks bright: a new job as a ship’s captain and marriage to the beautiful Mercedes. But a trio of jealous men are plotting his downfall. And on the day of his wedding, they have him arrested on false charges of treason. Locked away on an island prison in the Mediterranean Sea, all hope seems lost. But Edmond never gives up his dreams of escape and exacting his revenge. Hugely popular in its day, "The Count of Monte Cristo" is still a page-turner. No wonder it’s been made into dozens of movies, including a 2002 version starring Guy Pearce. Alexandre Dumas (1802 - 1870) was a hugely popular 19th Century French writer. Born of mixed French and Haitian heritage, Dumas first rose to prominence in Paris as a playwright, but later gained international fame with his historical fiction. Often co-authored with other writers, these stories wove together swashbuckling adventure, romance, and real events from France’s past. Among the best known are "The Three Musketeers", and its sequels "Twenty Years After", and "Le Vicomte de Bragelonne: Ten Years Later". Set across four decades, this trilogy follows the rise of the dashing D’Artagnan—from hot-headed soldier to trusted captain under Louis XIV. Dumas’ other novels include "The Count of Monte Cristo" and "The Black Tulip". His works have been adapted into more than 200 movies, including The Man in the Iron Mask starring Leonardo DiCaprio.


基度山恩仇記 3

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★ 法文直譯全譯本 全新編修★ ★ 收錄十九世紀法文版古典插畫★ ★ 擁有最多讀者的世界經典小說★ ★ 冒險、尋寶 ...

  • L'auteur : 大仲馬(Alexandre Dumas)
  • Editeur: 遠流出版
  • ISBN: 9573285991
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Nombre de pages: 436
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1297
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Détails: ★ 法文直譯全譯本 全新編修★ ★ 收錄十九世紀法文版古典插畫★ ★ 擁有最多讀者的世界經典小說★ ★ 冒險、尋寶、復仇、陰謀、戀愛,類型小說的典範之作★ ★ 高潮迭起的故事情節,縝密機敏的詭計籌謀,波瀾壯闊的人性史詩★ ★ 好萊塢電影《絕世英豪》、日劇《華麗的復仇》、動畫《巖窟王》等影視作品原著★ ◎ 馬奎斯最喜愛的長篇小說◎ ◎ 跨時代深具故事力的寫作典範◎ 沒看過基度山伯爵,就不算認識真正的貴族風範。 沒讀過《基度山恩仇記》,就不知道什麼是,復仇。 《基度山恩仇記》是法國文豪大仲馬的代表作。 從最初在報刊連載轟動一時,而後結集成書, 並譯成各國語文,印行無數版本,迄今近兩百年,仍歷久不衰,始終名列文學史的必讀經典,是全世界擁有最多讀者的小說之一。 《基度山恩仇記》深具通俗小說的可讀性。含冤下獄的主角,從越獄、尋寶獲得巨額財富,直到展開慷慨報恩,以及一連串籌謀嚴密的復仇。情節曲折跌宕,驚心動魄;角色刻畫入微,形像躍然紙上。多次改編為戲劇影視作品,包括好萊塢電影《絕世英豪》、日劇《華麗的復仇》、動畫《巖窟王》等。 小說更兼富文學深度。透過遒勁有力的敘事,恢宏壯闊的史詩格局,探究關於希望與絕望、正義與復仇、憐憫與寬容等人性奧義。更因此受到馬奎斯等眾多文學名家的肯定與喜愛。 ◎第3冊情節簡介◎ 「我不曾聽過,幽靈六千年所做的壞事,抵得過活人一天內所做的壞事。」──基度山伯爵 總是一派從容的基度山伯爵,依然縱橫於上流社會。 原本平靜的巴黎社交圈,卻氣氛詭譎,流言紛起,危機四伏。 一則不為人知的政壇祕辛,一椿貌似風光的豪門聯姻, 一場有利可圖的金融賭局,以及瀕臨曝光的醜聞與謀殺。 假面具被摘下,真相持續揭露,前所未有的風暴即將襲來。 往日的仇敵們,正一個接一個地,被推向懸崖的頂端……' 名家推薦 金 庸(武俠小說家) 紀大偉(作家、政大台文所副教授) 凌性傑(作家、建國中學國文教師) 許榮哲(華語首席故事教練) 郭 箏(作家、編劇) 膝關節(影評人) 簡 媜(作家) 藍祖蔚(影評人、《自由時報》副總編輯) 顏擇雅(作家、出版人) ──推薦(依姓氏筆畫) 好評推薦 紀大偉(作家、政大台文所副教授): 我在撰寫《同志文學史》的那幾年,手機底圖故意採用美國牛仔開槍決鬥的西部片劇照,用意是提醒自己時時刻刻用復仇的決心寫書,才能夠咬牙切齒把書寫完。復仇的力量超級大。後來我必須換掉手機底圖,不然一直提醒自己磨牙,牙根都要斷掉。人們說西部片的精神在於俠義,但我卻覺得在於復仇。我並不是愛記恨,而是迷戀於報仇衍生的毅力。我也記得自己最早執迷於復仇的經驗,就是閱讀《基督山恩仇記》。當時讀這部書廢寢忘食的程度,只有後來讀金庸可比。當然,我也覺得金庸小說的精神在於復仇而不是俠義。但說起來,西部片和金庸小說,都形同《基督山恩仇記》投胎轉世——我甚至懷疑這兩個傳統恐怕都有意無意繼承了基督山的地中海傳奇。 郭箏(作家、編劇): 對於看慣了好萊塢式快節奏、強情節的現代年輕讀者來說,初讀大仲馬那個時代的小說可能會有點坐不住,但我保證,若能耐住性子看完前十頁,鐵定越看越有勁,他就像是一間陳列了千百種菜肴的自助餐廳,讀者信手就能取得各種豐盛的食物。 如今宏偉璀璨的小說之城就像一座特洛伊城,是歷經了久遠的歲月,由無數座城市層層疊疊堆造起來的,如果用考古學家的耐心慢慢往下挖,就會窺見許多知名的當代小說家的結構佈局、人物塑造、情節轉折、描述手法,都是有脈絡可尋的。今日重讀大仲馬,豁然發現屬於他的那座城堡,就是當年阿加曼農率領希臘聯軍攻擊的那一座,最為華麗奇眩,最為波瀾壯闊。 遠流出版公司重新出版大仲馬的經典之作,喜愛小說的讀者們有福了。 藍祖蔚(影評人、《自由時報》副總編輯): 在二十世紀的少年時代初讀乍念大仲馬《基督山恩仇記》,一下子就被那層層環扣的人心險惡與蛻志復仇的冒險情節給唬得熱血沸騰,再難收卷。 在二十一世紀的花甲年紀重讀《基督山恩仇記》,赫然發覺愛德蒙.唐泰斯困居黑牢的那段情節,竟然可與《笑傲江湖》的任我行與令狐沖遙相呼應。原來,十九世紀的大仲馬就是那個年代,買著寫報紙連載小說的金庸,他拋出的仇恨與詭計種子,悄悄在百年後的金庸心中茁壯開花。 基督山該長成什麼樣子?看過四個電影版本的基督山,從尚.馬赫(Jean Marais)、李察.張伯倫(Richard Chamberlain)、傑哈.德巴狄厄(Gérard Depardieu)到吉姆·卡維佐(Jim Caviezel),傑哈.德巴狄厄一向霸氣,但我特愛李察.張伯倫的英氣,唯有人生英氣才懂得怎麼從失去的幸福中撿回寬恕的福報。初讀《基督山恩仇記》,容易迷魂;重讀《基督山恩仇記》,則是召魂了。 許榮哲(華語首席故事教練): 我個人最喜歡的電影是IMDb(Internet Movie Database,網際網路電影資料庫)影迷票選「史上最佳二五○部電影」中的第一名《刺激一九九五》。電影改編自美國作家史蒂芬‧金的小說《麗塔海華絲與蕭山克監獄的救贖》(收錄於《四季奇譚》)。 故事裡的「越獄」情節,很容易讓人聯想起法國作家大仲馬的《基度山恩仇記》,身陷牢籠的主人翁愛德蒙•唐泰斯越獄之後,展開了一連串的復仇行動。 問題是──兩者真的有關嗎? 有! 當讀者盛讚史蒂芬.金的原著小說時,他是這麼回應的:榮耀屬於《基度山恩仇記》!屬於大仲馬! 《麗塔海華絲與蕭山克監獄的救贖》與《基度山恩仇記》確實有血緣關係,這是作者親口證實的。 看得見的越獄情節是兩部小說最相似的地方,也是最多人談及之處,所以我們就不談了,我們來聊一聊比較少人談及的──上帝。 《刺激一九九五》裡的上帝是典獄長帶來的,他是個一手拿《聖經》,一手幹壞事的傢伙,口頭禪是指著《聖經》說:「得救之道就在其中。」 這句話最初是拿來訓戒監獄裡的囚犯,意思是真心悔改才能得救。 然而故事到了結尾,主人翁安迪逃出監獄時,他反過來拿這句話調侃典獄長。 「典獄長,你說對了,得救之道就在其中。」因為安迪不只在牆上挖出一條長長的地道,同時也在《聖經》裡挖出另一個洞,他用來挖洞逃獄的鶴嘴鋤,就藏在裡頭。 回到《基度山恩仇記》,小說與上帝的關聯更為強烈、直接。 唐泰斯當年被關的地方,位於義大利與科西嘉島之間的地中海小島「Cristo」(基度山),它其實就是義大利語的「基督」。 後來,唐泰斯在大牢裡巧遇一個叫法理亞的神父,因而有機會逃出監獄。 逃出監獄之後,唐泰斯自稱基度山伯爵,展開一連串的復仇行動。 在唐泰斯的心底,基度山伯爵就是基督,他承接了上帝的旨意,要來替天行道了。 當年,大牢裡的法理亞神父有教唐泰斯復仇嗎? 當然沒有! 人類是如此的渺小,但內心的欲望卻是無窮無盡,當欲望超出人的理性,無法駕馭時,人就會自動搜尋替代物,把欲望推給對方,好讓自己安心。 例如,當讀者的讚譽太大,史蒂芬‧金承受不起時,他說:榮耀屬於《基度山伯爵》!屬於大仲馬! 當罪的意識過於強烈,典獄長無法承受時,他手拿《聖經》說:「得救之道就在其中。」 當仇的怒火過於熾熱,唐泰斯承受不住時,他化身基度山伯爵,暗暗告訴自己,我是基督,上帝之子,我是來替天行道的。 「替天行道」表面上是殺貪官、殺污吏、殺惡徒,替老天爺在人間行使正道,然而其實行的都是自己的道,只是假借老天爺之名。 人就是自己的天。 換句話說,《聖經》是你自己,上帝是你自己,基督是你自己,媽祖也是你自己,但我們不能說破,不然誰來幫我們分擔痛苦?或者說,誰來幫我們完成欲望? 最後,提供一種「恩仇記」類型的寫作與教學方法。 我在小說、編劇課,出過一個作業,請學員利用底下六個問題,創造出一個完整的故事。 第一題:你是誰? 第二題:為何會被關進牢房? 第三題:用什麼方法逃出牢房? 第四題:如何展開復仇行動? 第五題:最後為何放下仇恨? 第六題:宗教出現在哪個環節? 等學員都寫完之後,再請大家從《基度山恩仇記》這本書裡找答案。 自己構思一遍之後,再找經典來看一遍。兩相比較之下,學員自然而然學會了一套充滿戲劇性的「恩仇記」寫法,而且是閃耀著宗教性光芒的那種恩仇記。 還有、還有,學員也會因此深深的理解自己此刻與經典之間的遙遠距離。