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Les Faunes Plio Pléistocènes De La Basse Vallée De L Omo

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Hominin Environments in the East African Pliocene

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This volume presents the work of researchers at many sites spanning the East African Pliocene. The authors take a broad approach that seeks to compare pale ...

  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1402030983
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 355
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 598
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Détails: This volume presents the work of researchers at many sites spanning the East African Pliocene. The authors take a broad approach that seeks to compare paleoenvironmental and paleoecological patterns across localities and among various taxonomic groups. This volume aims to synthesize large amounts of faunal data, and to present the evolution of East African vertebrates in the context of environmental and climatic changes during the Pliocene.


Current Argument on Early Man

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Current Argument on Early Man: Report from a Nobel Symposium is a collection of papers that sheds in light into the evolutionary history of humans. The boo ...

  • L'auteur : Lars-König Königsson
  • Editeur: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 1483189341
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 294
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 956
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Détails: Current Argument on Early Man: Report from a Nobel Symposium is a collection of papers that sheds in light into the evolutionary history of humans. The book reviews the state of knowledge regarding the human origins and pre-history. The coverage of the text includes articles that cover archeological and biological evidence that can lead to the origins of human. This topic includes evidence using viral gene sequences suggesting an Asian origin of human; a review of archeological evidence for early hominid land-use and ecological relations; and the excavation of the cave at Chou-kou-tienin 1927 and 1928. The book will be of great use to anthropologists, paleontologists, archeologists, and evolutionary biologists.


Evolutionary History of the Robust Australopithecines

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In paleoanthropology the group of hominids known as the "robust" australopithecines has emerged as one of the most interesting. Through them we have the op ...

  • L'auteur : Frederick E. Grine
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351521268
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 550
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1041
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Détails: In paleoanthropology the group of hominids known as the "robust" australopithecines has emerged as one of the most interesting. Through them we have the opportunity to examine the origin, natural history, and ultimate extinction of not just a single species, but of an entire branch in the hominid fossil record. It is generally agreed that the human lineage can be traced back to this group of comparatively small-brained, large-toothed creatures. This volume focuses on the evolutionary history of these early hominids with state-of-the-art contributions by leading international authorities in the field. Although a case can be made for a "robust" lineage, the functional and taxonomic implications of the morphological features are subject to vigorous disagreement. An area of lively debate is the possible causal relationship between the presence of early Homo and the origin, evolution, and virtual extinction of "robust" australopithecines.This volume summarizes what has been learned about the evolutionary history of the "robust" australopithecines in the 50 years since Robert Broom first encountered the visage of a new kind of ape-man from Kromdraai. New discoveries from Kromdraai to Lomekwi have served to keep us aware that the paleontological record for hominid evolution is hardly exhausted. Because of such finds no single volume can hope to stand as a summary on the "robust" australopithecines for very long, but this classic volume comes close to achieving this goal. The book sheds new light upon some old questions and also acts to provide new questions. The answers to those questions bring us closer to a fuller understanding and appreciation of the origins, evolution, and ultimate demise of the "robust" australopithecines. Since the "robust" australopithecines most likely stand as our closest relatives, a better understanding of their origin, history, and demise serves to provide heightened appreciation of the course of human evolution itself. This definitive volume addresses the questions and problems surrounding this important lineage.


Out of Africa I

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For the first two thirds of our evolutionary history, we hominins were restricted to Africa. Dating from about two million years ago, hominin fossils first ...

  • L'auteur : John G Fleagle,John J. Shea,Frederick E. Grine,Andrea L. Baden,Richard E. Leakey
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9789048190362
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 294
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 676
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Détails: For the first two thirds of our evolutionary history, we hominins were restricted to Africa. Dating from about two million years ago, hominin fossils first appear in Eurasia. This volume addresses many of the issues surrounding this initial hominin intercontinental dispersal. Why did hominins first leave Africa in the early Pleistocene and not earlier? What do we know about the adaptations of the hominins that dispersed - their diet, locomotor abilities, cultural abilities? Was there a single dispersal event or several? Was the hominin dispersal part of a broader faunal expansion of African mammals northward? What route or routes did dispersing populations take?


Mammals of Africa: Volume VI

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Mammals of Africa (MoA) is a series of six volumes which describes, in detail, every currently recognized species of African land mammal. This is the first ...

  • L'auteur : Jonathan Kingdon
  • Editeur: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 140818995X
  • Genre: Nature
  • Nombre de pages: 704
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 412
  • Telecharger: 412
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Détails: Mammals of Africa (MoA) is a series of six volumes which describes, in detail, every currently recognized species of African land mammal. This is the first time that such extensive coverage has ever been attempted, and the volumes incorporate the very latest information and detailed discussion of the morphology, distribution, biology and evolution (including reference to fossil and molecular data) of Africa's mammals. With more than 1,160 species and 16-18 orders, Africa has the greatest diversity and abundance of mammals in the world. The reasons for this and the mechanisms behind their evolution are given special attention in the series. Each volume follows the same format, with detailed profiles of every species and higher taxa. The series includes hundreds of colour illustrations and pencil drawings by Jonathan Kingdon highlighting the morphology and behaviour of the species concerned, as well as line drawings of skulls and jaws by Jonathan Kingdon and Meredith Happold. Every species also includes a detailed distribution map. Edited by Jonathan Kingdon, David Happold, Tom Butynski, Mike Hoffmann, Meredith Happold and Jan Kalina, and written by more than 350 authors, all experts in their fields, Mammals of Africa is as comprehensive a compendium of current knowledge as is possible. Extensive references alert readers to more detailed information. Volume VI, edited by Jonathan Kingdon and Michael Hoffmann, comprises a single order, currently subdivided into three suborders, containing the hippopotamuses, pigs, chevrotains, deer, Giraffe, Okapi, buffalos, spiral-horned antelopes, dwarf antelopes, duikers, grysboks, Beira, dik-diks, gazelles, Klipspringer, Oribi, reduncines, Impala, alcelaphines, horse-like antelopes, sheep and goats; the volume contains 98 species profiles.


Ungulate Taxonomy

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A well-reasoned synthesis, Ungulate Taxonomy will be a defining volume for years to come. ...

  • L'auteur : Colin Groves,Peter Grubb
  • Editeur: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 1421403293
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 336
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 436
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Détails: A well-reasoned synthesis, Ungulate Taxonomy will be a defining volume for years to come.


Paleontology and Geology of Laetoli: Human Evolution in Context

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This volume 2 and its companion volume 1 present the results of new investigations into the geology, paleontology and paleoecology of the early hominin sit ...

  • L'auteur : Terry Harrison
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9789048199624
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 602
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 486
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Détails: This volume 2 and its companion volume 1 present the results of new investigations into the geology, paleontology and paleoecology of the early hominin site of Laetoli in northern Tanzania. The site is one of the most important paleontological and paleoanthropological sites in Africa, worldrenowned for the discovery of fossils of the early hominin Australopithecus afarensis, as well as remarkable trails of its footprints. The first volume provides new evidence on the geology, geochronology, ecology, ecomorphology and taphonomy of the site. The second volume describes newly discovered fossil hominins from Laetoli, belonging to Australopithecus afarensis and Paranthropus aethiopicus, and presents detailed information on the systematics and paleobiology of the diverse associated fauna. Together, these contributions provide one of the most comprehensive accounts of a fossil hominin site, and they offer important new insights into the early stages of human evolution and its context.


After the Australopithecines

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  • L'auteur : Karl W. Butzer,Glynn L. Isaac
  • Editeur: Walter de Gruyter
  • ISBN: 3110878836
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 922
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1533
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The First Humans

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There are some issues in human paleontology that seem to be timeless. Most deal with the origin and early evolution of our own genus – something about wh ...

  • L'auteur : Frederick E. Grine,John G Fleagle,Richard E. Leakey
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9781402099809
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 220
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1099
  • Telecharger: 1099
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Détails: There are some issues in human paleontology that seem to be timeless. Most deal with the origin and early evolution of our own genus – something about which we should care. Some of these issues pertain to taxonomy and systematics. How many species of Homo were there in the Pliocene and Pleistocene? How do we identify the earliest members the genus Homo? If there is more than one Plio-Pleistocene species, how do they relate to one another, and where and when did they evolve? Other issues relate to questions about body size, proportions and the functional adaptations of the locomotor skeleton. When did the human postcranial “Bauplan” evolve, and for what reasons? What behaviors (and what behavioral limitations) can be inferred from the postcranial bones that have been attributed to Homo habilis and Homo erectus? Still other issues relate to growth, development and life history strategies, and the biological and archeological evidence for diet and behavior in early Homo. It is often argued that dietary change played an important role in the origin and early evolution of our genus, with stone tools opening up scavenging and hunting opportunities that would have added meat protein to the diet of Homo. Still other issues relate to the environmental and climatic context in which this genus evolved.


The Oasis Papers 2

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This volume of fourteen papers covers the environment, archaeology and conservation of the Dakhleh Oasis, as presented at the Second International Conferen ...

  • L'auteur : Marcia F. Wiseman
  • Editeur:
  • ISBN: 1785705636
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 172
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 761
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Détails: This volume of fourteen papers covers the environment, archaeology and conservation of the Dakhleh Oasis, as presented at the Second International Conference of this long-running project (held in Toronto, 1997). Four abstracts from papers not submitted to the published volume are also included, as is the original conference programme.


The Skull of Quadruped and Bipedal Vertebrates

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This book forms part of the set, Comparative Anatomy and Posture of Animal and Human, and focuses on the skulls of Quaternary mammals and of Man since the ...

  • L'auteur : Djillali Hadjouis
  • Editeur: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1119832543
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 256
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1991
  • Telecharger: 1991
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Détails: This book forms part of the set, Comparative Anatomy and Posture of Animal and Human, and focuses on the skulls of Quaternary mammals and of Man since the acquisition of upright posture. Although the vast majority of the quadruped fossil species have a balanced postural adaptation, with no asymmetries or maxillo-mandibular dysmorphoses, the Hominine species that has acquired this readjustment of the body as well as a bipedal adaptation to the ground, will experience a series of postural imbalances starting with malocclusion in the genus Homo. In order to arrive at this conclusion, the cranio-facial architectural biodynamics of several species of fossil and current mammals have been analyzed over three decades. In addition, hundreds of skulls of anatomically modern Hominids have been examined, highlighting their occlusal offsets, variations, anomalies and pathologies.


Neogene Paleontology of the Manonga Valley, Tanzania

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Contributions to this volume detail paleontologic research in Manonga Valley, and shed important light on the evolutionary development of eastern Africa. C ...

  • L'auteur : Terry Harrison
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 147572683X
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 418
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 942
  • Telecharger: 942
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Détails: Contributions to this volume detail paleontologic research in Manonga Valley, and shed important light on the evolutionary development of eastern Africa. Chapters provide novel insights into the taxonomy, paleobiology, ecology, and zoogeographic relationships of African faunas, as well as lay the foundation for future geological, paleontological, and paleoecological studies in this important area. The book concludes with a discussion of the importance of investigations on broader geographical sites, including the Manonga Valley, for human evolution research. The text is supported by 143 illustrations.


Migrations et errances

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Le concept de Migration(s) évoque le vaste mouvement des peuples qui englobe les immigrés, tels qu'ils sont perçus dans les pays d'accueil, et les émig ...

  • L'auteur : Académie Universelle des Cultures
  • Editeur: Grasset
  • ISBN: 2246799562
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Nombre de pages: 346
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1926
  • Telecharger: 1926
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Détails: Le concept de Migration(s) évoque le vaste mouvement des peuples qui englobe les immigrés, tels qu'ils sont perçus dans les pays d'accueil, et les émigrés, tels qu'ils vivent l'éloignement de leur pays d'origine. Nous avons tous été un jour des nomades en cours de sédentarisation, des gens venus « d'ailleurs » et destinés à vivre « ici ». L'étrangeté des rapports de voisinage ainsi créés reste à jamais ineffaçable. Tantôt les « envahisseurs » - perçus comme « barbares » - ont imposé leurs coutumes, leurs lois, leur organisation politique, tantôt et parfois simultanément ils se sont laissé « civiliser » par les peuples dans l'aire desquels ils avaient pénétré et s'étaient établis. Des mélanges culturels, voire des métissages ethniques en ont résulté, dont nous sommes aujourd'hui les héritiers, que nous soyons Européens, Américains du Nord, du Centre ou du Sud, Asiatiques ou Africains. Le destin des migrations est intercontinental : il fait recroiser l'espace et le temps, la géographie et l'histoire, la géopolitique et l'histoire culturelle comparée. Les migrations contemporaines sont pour une part héritées des configurations de l'ère coloniale, de la décomposition des empires et de l'histoire fragmentée de l'époque post-coloniale. Pour une autre part, elles obéissent au puissant tropisme qui pousse les populations pauvres du globe vers des régions où se concentre l'opulence économique, les exercices de justice sociale, la mise à l'épreuve de la démocratie, le rayonnement intellectuel et artistique, et l'invention de la culture de divertissement.


Fossil Horses of South America

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This book provides an update on the phylogeny, systematics and ecology of horses in South America based on data provided over the past three decades. The c ...

  • L'auteur : José Luis Prado,María Teresa Alberdi
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319558773
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 150
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1575
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Détails: This book provides an update on the phylogeny, systematics and ecology of horses in South America based on data provided over the past three decades. The contemporary South American mammalian communities were shaped by the emergence of the Isthmus of Panama and by the profound climatic oscillations during the Pleistocene. Horses were a conspicuous group of immigrant mammals from North America that arrived in South America during the Pleistocene. This group is represented by 2 genera, Hippidion and Equus, which include small species (Hippidion devillei, H. saldiasi, E. andium and E. insulatus) and large forms (Equus neogeus and H. principale). Both groups arrived in South America via 2 different routes. One model designed to explain this migration indicates that the small forms used the Andes corridor, while larger horses used the eastern route and arrived through some coastal areas. Molecular dating (ancient DNA) suggests that the South American horses separated from the North American taxa (caballines and the New World stilt-legged horse) after 3.6 - 3.2 Ma, consistent with the final formation of the Panamanian Isthmus. Recent studies of stable isotopes in these horses indicate an extensive range of 13C values cover closed woodlands to C4 grasslands. This plasticity agrees with the hypothesis that generalist species and open biome specialist species from North America indicate a positive migration through South America.


Mammals of Africa: Volume I

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Mammals of Africa (MoA) is a series of six volumes which describes, in detail, every currently recognized species of African land mammal. This is the first ...

  • L'auteur : Jonathan Kingdon
  • Editeur: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 1408189909
  • Genre: Nature
  • Nombre de pages: 352
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1668
  • Telecharger: 1668
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Détails: Mammals of Africa (MoA) is a series of six volumes which describes, in detail, every currently recognized species of African land mammal. This is the first time that such extensive coverage has ever been attempted, and the volumes incorporate the very latest information and detailed discussion of the morphology, distribution, biology and evolution (including reference to fossil and molecular data) of Africa's mammals. With more than 1,160 species and 16-18 orders, Africa has the greatest diversity and abundance of mammals in the world. The reasons for this and the mechanisms behind their evolution are given special attention in the series. Each volume follows the same format, with detailed profiles of every species and higher taxa. The series includes hundreds of colour illustrations and pencil drawings by Jonathan Kingdon highlighting the morphology and behaviour of the species concerned, as well as line drawings of skulls and jaws by Jonathan Kingdon and Meredith Happold. Every species also includes a detailed distribution map. Edited by Jonathan Kingdon, David Happold, Tom Butynski, Mike Hoffmann, Meredith Happold and Jan Kalina, and written by more than 350 authors, all experts in their fields, Mammals of Africa is as comprehensive a compendium of current knowledge as is possible. Extensive references alert readers to more detailed information. This first volume in the series comprises eight introductory chapters covering topics such as evolution, geography and geology, biotic zones, classification, behaviour and morphology. The rest of the book is devoted to the Afrotheria, a grouping that comprises six orders and 49 species; these are the hyraxes, elephants, manatees, otter-shrews, golden-moles, sengis (elephant-shrews) and Aardvark.


The Emergence of the Acheulean in East Africa and Beyond

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This edited volume presents current archaeological research and data from the major early Acheulean sites in East Africa, and addresses three main areas of ...

  • L'auteur : Rosalia Gallotti,Margherita Mussi
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 331975985X
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 242
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 410
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Détails: This edited volume presents current archaeological research and data from the major early Acheulean sites in East Africa, and addresses three main areas of focus; 1) the tempo and mode of technological changes that led to the emergence of the Acheulean in East Africa; 2) new approaches to lithic collections, including lithic technology analyses; and 3) the debated coexistence of the Developed Oldowan and the early Acheulean. The chapters are the proceedings from the workshop titled “The Emergence of the Acheulean in East Africa”, held at University of Rome “La Sapienza” on September 12–13, 2013. The aim of the workshop was to bring together researchers currently working in this field in East Africa, in order to define the characteristics and the evolution of the early Acheulean. The volume was expanded with some chapters on the preceding Oldowan, on the African fauna and on paleovegetation, on the Acheulean in Asia and, eventually, on the Acheulean in Europe. The book is addressed to the scientific community, and will be of interest to researchers, graduate students, archaeologists, paleontologists, and paleoanthropologists. This volume is dedicated to the memory of Jean Chavaillon (March 25, 1925 - December 21, 2013), the leading archaeologist and Quaternary geologist who researched with unfailing enthusiasm the earliest human cultures and directed from 1965 to 1995 the French Archaeological Mission at Melka Kunture.


Sabertooth

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With their spectacularly enlarged canines, sabertooth cats are among the most popular of prehistoric animals, yet it is surprising how little information a ...

  • L'auteur : Mauricio Antón
  • Editeur: Indiana University Press
  • ISBN: 0253010497
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 264
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1752
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Détails: With their spectacularly enlarged canines, sabertooth cats are among the most popular of prehistoric animals, yet it is surprising how little information about them is available for the curious layperson. What’s more, there were other sabertooths that were not cats, animals with exotic names like nimravids, barbourofelids, and thylacosmilids. Some were no taller than a domestic cat, others were larger than a lion, and some were as weird as their names suggest. Sabertooths continue to pose questions even for specialists. What did they look like? How did they use their spectacular canine teeth? And why did they finally go extinct? In this visual and intellectual treat of a book, Mauricio Antón tells their story in words and pictures, all scrupulously based on the latest scientific research. The book is a glorious wedding of science and art that celebrates the remarkable diversity of the life of the not-so-distant past.


Sourcebook of Paleolithic Transitions

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As the study of Palaeolithic technologies moves towards a more analytical approach, it is necessary to determine a consistent procedural framework. The con ...

  • L'auteur : Marta Camps,Parth Chauhan
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9780387764870
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 574
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 957
  • Telecharger: 957
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Détails: As the study of Palaeolithic technologies moves towards a more analytical approach, it is necessary to determine a consistent procedural framework. The contributions to this timely and comprehensive volume do just that. This volume incorporates a broad chronological and geographical range of Palaeolithic material from the Lower to Upper Palaeolithic. The focus of this volume is to provide an analysis of Palaeolithic technologies from a quantitative, empirical perspective. As new techniques, particularly quantitative methods, for analyzing Palaeolithic technologies gain popularity, this work provides case studies particularly showcasing these new techniques. Employing diverse case studies, and utilizing multivariate approaches, morphometrics, model-based approaches, phylogenetics, cultural transmission studies, and experimentation, this volume provides insights from international contributors at the forefront of recent methodological advances.


The Geology of Early Humans in the Horn of Africa

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  • L'auteur : Jay Quade,Jonathan Guy Wynn
  • Editeur: Geological Society of America
  • ISBN: 0813724465
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 234
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 893
  • Telecharger: 893
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The Eurasian Beaver

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The Eurasian beaver was near extinction at the start of the twentieth century, hunted across Europe for its fur, meat and castoreum. But now the beaver is ...

  • L'auteur : Róisín Campbell-Palmer,Derek Gow,Robert Needham,Simon Jones,Frank Rosell
  • Editeur: Pelagic Publishing Ltd
  • ISBN: 1784270407
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 62
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1434
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Détails: The Eurasian beaver was near extinction at the start of the twentieth century, hunted across Europe for its fur, meat and castoreum. But now the beaver is on the brink of a comeback, with wild beaver populations, licensed and unlicensed, emerging all over Britain.


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