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National Security Cultures

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This edited collection examines changes in national security culture in the wake of international events that have threatened regional or global order, and ...

  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136963588
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 336
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1855
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Détails: This edited collection examines changes in national security culture in the wake of international events that have threatened regional or global order, and analyses the effects of these divergent responses on international security. Tracing the links between national security cultures and preferred forms of security governance the work provides a systematic account of perceived security threats and the preferred methods of response with individual chapters on Canada, China, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, UK and USA. Each chapter is written to a common template exploring the role of national security cultures in shaping national responses to the four domains of security governance: prevention, assurance, protection and compellence. The volume provides an analytically coherent framework evaluating whether cooperation in security governance is likely to increase among major states, and if so, the extent to which this will follow either regional or global arrangements. By combining a theoretical framework with strong comparative case studies this volume contributes to the ongoing reconceptualization of security and definition of threat and provides a basis for reaching tentative conclusions about the prospects for global and regional security governance in the early 21st century. This makes it ideal reading for all students and policymakers with an interest in global security and comparative foreign and security policy.


Homeland Security Cultures

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Focusing on this broader security culture framework of analysis, this text uses a comprehensive approach to explore cultural factors empirically and pragma ...

  • L'auteur : Alexander Siedschlag,Andrea Jerkovic
  • Editeur: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 1786605937
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 404
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1692
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Détails: Focusing on this broader security culture framework of analysis, this text uses a comprehensive approach to explore cultural factors empirically and pragmatically as they affect threat environment and assessment along core missions, organizational responses, and the aim of fostering safe and secure societies.


Culture and National Security in the Americas

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Culture and National Security in the Americas examines the most influential historical, geographic, cultural, political, economic, and military considerati ...

  • L'auteur : Brian Fonseca,Eduardo A. Gamarra
  • Editeur: Lexington Books
  • ISBN: 1498519598
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 346
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1803
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Détails: Culture and National Security in the Americas examines the most influential historical, geographic, cultural, political, economic, and military considerations shaping national security policies throughout the Americas.


Global Security Cultures

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Why do politicians think that war is the answer to terror when military intervention in Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Syria, Mali, Somalia and elsewhere has ...

  • L'auteur : Mary Kaldor
  • Editeur: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1509509216
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 224
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 547
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Détails: Why do politicians think that war is the answer to terror when military intervention in Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Syria, Mali, Somalia and elsewhere has made things worse? Why do some conflicts never end? And how is it that practices like beheadings, extra-judicial killings, the bombing of hospitals and schools and sexual slavery are becoming increasingly common? In this book, renowned scholar of war and human security Mary Kaldor introduces the concept of global security cultures in order to explain why we get stuck in particular pathways to security. A global security culture, she explains, involves different combinations of ideas, narratives, rules, people, tools, practices and infrastructure embedded in a specific form of political authority, a set of power relations, that come together to address or engage in large-scale violence. In contrast to the Cold War period, when there was one dominant culture based on military forces and nation-states, nowadays there are competing global security cultures. Defining four main types - geo-politics, new wars, the liberal peace, and the war on terror she investigates how we might identify contradictions, dilemmas and experiments in contemporary security cultures that might ultimately open up new pathways to rescue and safeguard civility in the future.


The National Security Enterprise

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This second edition of The National Security Enterprise provides practitioners’ insights into the operation, missions, and organizational cultures of the ...

  • L'auteur : Roger Z. George,Harvey Rishikof
  • Editeur: Georgetown University Press
  • ISBN: 162616441X
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 440
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 683
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Détails: This second edition of The National Security Enterprise provides practitioners’ insights into the operation, missions, and organizational cultures of the principal national security agencies and other institutions that shape the US national security decision-making process. Unlike some textbooks on American foreign policy, it offers analysis from insiders who have worked at the National Security Council, the State and Defense Departments, the intelligence community, and the other critical government entities. The book explains how organizational missions and cultures create the labyrinth in which a coherent national security policy must be fashioned. Understanding and appreciating these organizations and their cultures is essential for formulating and implementing it. Taking into account the changes introduced by the Obama administration, the second edition includes four new or entirely revised chapters (Congress, Department of Homeland Security, Treasury, and USAID) and updates to the text throughout. It covers changes instituted since the first edition was published in 2011, implications of the government campaign to prosecute leaks, and lessons learned from more than a decade of war in Afghanistan and Iraq. This up-to-date book will appeal to students of US national security and foreign policy as well as career policymakers.


Global Security Governance

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This book demarcates the barriers and pathways to major power security cooperation and provides an empirical analysis of threat perception among the world ...

  • L'auteur : Emil J. Kirchner,James Sperling
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134222211
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 312
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 749
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Détails: This book demarcates the barriers and pathways to major power security cooperation and provides an empirical analysis of threat perception among the world’s major powers. Divided into three parts, Emil Kirchner and James Sperling use a common analytical framework for the changing security agenda in Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Russian Federation, the United States, the United Kingdom, and the EU. Each chapter features: an examination of national ‘exceptionalism’ that accounts for foreign and security policy idiosyncrasies definitions of the range of threats preoccupying the government, foreign policy elites and the public assessments of the institutional and instrumental preferences shaping national security policies investigations on the allocation of resources between the various categories of security expenditure details on the elements of the national security culture and its consequences for security cooperation. Global Security Governance combines a coherent theoretical framework with strong comparative case studies, making it ideal reading for all students of security studies.


Strategic Cultures and Security Policies in the Asia-Pacific

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This book shows how one of the most powerful tools of security studies—strategic culture—illuminates the origins and implications of the Asia-Pacific r ...

  • L'auteur : Jeffrey S. Lantis
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317554221
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 192
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1085
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Détails: This book shows how one of the most powerful tools of security studies—strategic culture—illuminates the origins and implications of the Asia-Pacific region’s difficult issues, from the rise of China and the American pivot, to the shifting calculations of many other actors. Strategic culture sometimes challenges and always enriches prevailing neo-realist presumptions about the region. It provides a bridge between material and ideational explanations of state behavior and helps capture the tension between neoclassical realist and constructivist approaches. The case studies in this book survey the role of strategic culture in the behaviors of Australia, China, Japan, the Philippines, South Korea and the United States. They show the contrast between structural expectations and cultural predispositions, as realist geopolitical security threats and opportunities interact with domestic elite and popular interpretation of historical narratives and distinctive political-military cultures to influence security policies. The concluding chapter devotes special attention to methodological issues at the heart of strategic cultural studies, as well as how culture may impact the potential for future conflict or cooperation in the region. The result is a body of work that helps deepen our understanding of strategic cultures in the Asia-Pacific in comparative perspective and enrich security studies. This bookw as published as a special issue of Contemporary Security Policy.


Cyberpower and National Security

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This book creates a framework for understanding and using cyberpower in support of national security. Cyberspace and cyberpower are now critical elements o ...

  • L'auteur : Franklin D. Kramer,Stuart H. Starr,Larry K. Wentz
  • Editeur: Potomac Books, Inc.
  • ISBN: 1597979333
  • Genre: Cyberspace
  • Nombre de pages: 642
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 636
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Détails: This book creates a framework for understanding and using cyberpower in support of national security. Cyberspace and cyberpower are now critical elements of international security. United States needs a national policy which employs cyberpower to support its national security interests.


China's National Security

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All states are challenged by the need to protect national security while maintaining the rule of law, but the issue is particularly complex in the China– ...

  • L'auteur : Cora Chan,Fiona de Londras
  • Editeur: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1509928170
  • Genre: Law
  • Nombre de pages: 304
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1038
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Détails: All states are challenged by the need to protect national security while maintaining the rule of law, but the issue is particularly complex in the China–Hong Kong context. This timely and important book explores how China conceives of its national security and the position of Hong Kong. It considers the risks of introducing national security legislation in Hong Kong, and Hong Kong's sources of resilience against encroachments on its rule of law that may come under the guise of national security. It points to what may be needed to maintain Hong Kong's rule of law once China's 50-year commitment to its autonomy ends in 2047. The contributors to this book include world-renowned scholars in comparative public law and national security law. The collection covers a variety of disciplines and jurisdictions, and both scholarly and practical perspectives to present a forward-looking analysis on the rule of law in Hong Kong. It illustrates how Hong Kong may succeed in resisting pressure to advance China's security interests through repressive law. Given China's growing international stature, the book's reflections on China's approach to security have much to tell us about its potential impact on the global political, security, and economic order.


The EU and Multilateral Security Governance

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This book studies the role of the EU in peace and security as a regional actor with global aspirations, in the context of challenged and changing multilate ...

  • L'auteur : Sonia Lucarelli,Luk Van Langenhove,Jan Wouters
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136213724
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 194
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1861
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Détails: This book studies the role of the EU in peace and security as a regional actor with global aspirations, in the context of challenged and changing multilateralism. Multilateralism, governance and security are three concepts that have attracted a great deal of attention in the past decade and attempts to redefine them have produced lively conceptual debates. More recently, different strands of the literature have found common ground in the investigation of the EU’s role in what has been labelled ‘multilateral security governance’. Despite being frequently used, the term is yet to be fully clarified, and empirically explored. To contribute further our understanding of it, this book presents a conceptual and empirical exploration of ‘multilateral security governance’ and the EU’s role in it. Expert contributors in the field analyze both traditional and non-traditional security areas, to investigate if and how multilateral security governance functions, and how the EU contributes (or fails to contribute) to the functioning of multilateral governance. The EU and Multilateral Security Governance will be of interest to students, scholars and practitioners of EU politics, security studies and governance.


Sustainable Security

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As the world shifts away from the unquestioned American hegemony that followed in the wake of the Cold War, the United States is likely to face new kinds o ...

  • L'auteur : Jeremi Suri,Benjamin Valentino
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190611502
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 400
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1504
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Détails: As the world shifts away from the unquestioned American hegemony that followed in the wake of the Cold War, the United States is likely to face new kinds of threats and sharper resource constraints than it has in the past. However, the country's alliances, military institutions, and national security strategy have changed little since the Cold War. American foreign and defense policies, therefore, should be assessed for their fitness for achieving sustainable national security amidst the dynamism of the international political economy, changing domestic politics, and even a changing climate. This book brings together sixteen leading scholars from across political science, history, and political economy to highlight a range of American security considerations that deserve a larger role in both scholarship and strategic decision-making. In these chapters, scholars of political economy and the American defense budget examine the economic engine that underlies U.S. military might and the ways the country deploys these vast (but finite) resources. Historians illuminate how past great powers coped with changing international orders through strategic and institutional innovations. And regional experts assess America's current long-term engagements, from NATO to the chaos of the Middle East to the web of alliances in Asia, deepening understandings that help guard against both costly commitments and short-sighted retrenchments. This interdisciplinary volume sets an agenda for future scholarship that links politics, economics, and history in pursuit of sustainable security for the United States - and greater peace and stability for Americans and non-Americans alike.


A New Strategy for Complex Warfare: Combined Effects in East Asia

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This book develops new theory for superior strategy in complex warfare. The approach is comprehensive and practical, and it is applied to three contemporar ...

  • L'auteur : Thomas Drohan
  • Editeur: Cambria Press
  • ISBN: 1621967107
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 326
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 346
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Détails: This book develops new theory for superior strategy in complex warfare. The approach is comprehensive and practical, and it is applied to three contemporary security crises involving the United States, China, the Koreas, and Japan. Beginning with existing theories on strategy and culture, a new interpretation of "combined effects strategy" is introduced based on research and years of experience. Drawing from security theory and military doctrine, combined effects strategy is presented as a comprehensive process that subsumes the prevailing paradigm of combined arms. The entire book is written using the language of combined effects theory developed in the first chapter. Extensive use of symbols, text boxes, and charts orients the reader on combined effects in the three cases that follow. Unlike previous works, this study considers security culture as a way to understand warfare conceived and waged broadly: patterns of confrontation and cooperation, threat perception and assessment, and strategic effectiveness. Also for the first time, contemporary crises detail the interaction of strategies operating as lines of effect which when combined, create powerful synergies. A summary analysis of each case develops implications for future strategy. The concluding chapter is unique in its discussion of the influence of security culture on operational concepts, when lines of effect combine, and how security culture informs combined effects strategy, particularly for the United States. This is an important book for students, faculty, policy makers and practitioners with interests in strategy, global and US national security, defense policy, Asian regional security, Asian studies, military culture, military effectiveness, the future of warfare, and foreign policy. This book is in the Rapid Communications in Conflict and Security (RCCS) Series (General Editor: Geoffrey R.H. Burn).


A Ready and Resilient Workforce for the Department of Homeland Security

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The responsibilities of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) range from preventing foreign and domestic terrorist attacks; securing the nation's borde ...

  • L'auteur : Committee on the Department of Homeland Security Workforce Resilience,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Institute of Medicine
  • Editeur: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 0309289475
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Nombre de pages: 249
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1877
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Détails: The responsibilities of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) range from preventing foreign and domestic terrorist attacks; securing the nation's borders; safeguarding transportation systems; responding to natural disasters; nuclear detection; and more. Created in 2002 from a merger that rapidly incorporated parts of eight cabinet departments and 22 government agencies, DHS has struggled to integrate its numerous components and their unique cultures. While DHS is very accomplished at performing its many missions, the nature of the DHS work environment is inherently stressful, and employees suffer from low morale. A Ready and Resilient Workforce for the Department of Homeland Security: Protecting America's Front Line reviews current workforce resilience efforts, identifies gaps, and provides recommendations for a 5-year strategy to improve DHSTogether, the current DHS workforce resilience program. This report stresses the importance of strong leadership, communication, measurement, and evaluation in the organization and recommends content for a 5-year plan that will promote centralized strategic direction and resource investment to improve readiness and resilience at the department. While all DHS component agencies share a common mission, each have distinct roles with different stressors attached, making implementation of an organization-wide resilience or wellness program difficult. The recommendations of A Ready and Resilient Workforce for the Department of Homeland Security outline how DHS can focus its efforts on creating a common culture of workforce readiness and resilience, while recognizing the distinct, proud, celebrated cultures of its component agencies.


Libya, the Responsibility to Protect and the Future of Humanitarian Intervention

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This book critically analyses the 2011 intervention in Libya arguing that the manner in which the intervention was sanctioned, prosecuted and justified has ...

  • L'auteur : A. Hehir,R. Murray
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 113727395X
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 240
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1552
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Détails: This book critically analyses the 2011 intervention in Libya arguing that the manner in which the intervention was sanctioned, prosecuted and justified has a number of troubling implications for the both the future of humanitarian intervention and international peace and security.


Science and Security in a Post 9/11 World

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Based on a series of regional meetings on university campuses with officials from the national security community and academic research institutions, this ...

  • L'auteur : National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on a New Government-University Partnership for Science and Security
  • Editeur: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 9780309179553
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 136
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1587
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Détails: Based on a series of regional meetings on university campuses with officials from the national security community and academic research institutions, this report identifies specific actions that should be taken to maintain a thriving scientific research environment in an era of heightened security concerns. Actions include maintaining the open exchange of scientific information, fostering a productive environment for international scholars in the U.S., reexamining federal definitions of sensitive but unclassified research, and reviewing policies on deemed export controls. The federal government should establish a standing entity, preferably a Science and Security Commission, that would review policies regarding the exchange of information and the participation of foreign-born scientists and students in research.


Networks and National Security

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Networks as sets of autonomous organisations working together to achieve individual and shared goals are becoming increasingly important across many areas ...

  • L'auteur : Chad Whelan
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317088867
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 182
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1487
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Détails: Networks as sets of autonomous organisations working together to achieve individual and shared goals are becoming increasingly important across many areas of public administration. The importance of networks is well known but most analysts would agree that we do not know enough about the dynamics and effectiveness of networks in relation to their internal operations. This is a significant problem as security, intelligence, law enforcement and many other agencies are increasingly required to organise in and through networks to provide national security. In this comprehensive analysis, Chad Whelan presents a highly innovative, qualitative study of networks in the field of national security. Developing our understanding of 'organisational networks' in organisational theory, management and public administration, and 'security networks' in criminology and international relations, he presents a multi-disciplinary analysis of network forms of organisation. Whelan puts forward a methodological framework involving five levels of analysis - structural, cultural, policy, technological and relational - with which we can better analyse and understand the dynamics and effectiveness of networks. This framework is applied to public sector networks operating in the field of counter-terrorism in Australia in a way that is highly relevant to researchers and practitioners in many contexts where government departments and agencies, and the private sector, need to work together. Networks and National Security: Dynamics, Effectiveness and Organisation not only advances our knowledge of networks and national security but also assists with the essential tasks of evaluating and managing networks. Written in a clear and accessible style and featuring a wealth of first-hand accounts concerning the inside operations of networks, this book deals with the crucial subject of inter-agency coordination in the important field of national security.


Lifestyle Politics and Radical Activism

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Attempts by people to enact their political beliefs in their daily lives have become commonplace in contemporary US culture, in spheres ranging from shoppi ...

  • L'auteur : Laura Portwood-Stacer
  • Editeur: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
  • ISBN: 1441105123
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 208
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1381
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Détails: Attempts by people to enact their political beliefs in their daily lives have become commonplace in contemporary US culture, in spheres ranging from shopping habits to romantic attachments. This groundbreaking book examines how collective social movements have cultivated individual practices of "lifestyle politics" as part of their strategies of resistance, and the tensions they must navigate in doing so. Drawing on feminism and other movements that claim that “the personal is political,” the book explores how radical anarchist activists position their own lifestyles within projects of resistance. Various lifestyle practices, from consumption to personal style to sexual relationships, are studied to address how identity and cultural practices can be used as tools of political dissent. An accessible and provocative text, Lifestyle Politics and Radical Activism blends theory with empirical materials to highlight issues that are important not only to anarchists, but also to anyone struggling for social change. This unique analysis will contribute to the development of anarchist theory and practice and will appeal to anyone interested in political activism and social movements.


American Nations

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An illuminating history of North America's eleven rival cultural regions that explodes the red state-blue state myth. North America was settled by people w ...

  • L'auteur : Colin Woodard
  • Editeur: Penguin
  • ISBN: 1101544457
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 384
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1016
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Détails: An illuminating history of North America's eleven rival cultural regions that explodes the red state-blue state myth. North America was settled by people with distinct religious, political, and ethnographic characteristics, creating regional cultures that have been at odds with one another ever since. Subsequent immigrants didn't confront or assimilate into an “American” or “Canadian” culture, but rather into one of the eleven distinct regional ones that spread over the continent each staking out mutually exclusive territory. In American Nations, Colin Woodard leads us on a journey through the history of our fractured continent, and the rivalries and alliances between its component nations, which conform to neither state nor international boundaries. He illustrates and explains why “American” values vary sharply from one region to another. Woodard (author of American Character: A History of the Epic Struggle Between Individual Liberty and the Common Good) reveals how intranational differences have played a pivotal role at every point in the continent's history, from the American Revolution and the Civil War to the tumultuous sixties and the "blue county/red county" maps of recent presidential elections. American Nations is a revolutionary and revelatory take on America's myriad identities and how the conflicts between them have shaped our past and are molding our future.


German Unification

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This wide-ranging collection brings together contributions from historians, political scientists, policymakers, and others to provide much-needed perspecti ...

  • L'auteur : P. Caldwell,R. Shandley
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230337953
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 188
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 898
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Détails: This wide-ranging collection brings together contributions from historians, political scientists, policymakers, and others to provide much-needed perspective on the unification of Germany as it actually played out in real historical time.


A Thorn in Transatlantic Relations

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Americans and Europeans perceive threat differently. Americans remain more religious than Europeans and generally still believe their nation is providentia ...

  • L'auteur : M. Hampton
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137343273
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 206
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1481
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Détails: Americans and Europeans perceive threat differently. Americans remain more religious than Europeans and generally still believe their nation is providentially blessed. American security culture is relatively stable and includes the deeply held belief that existential threat in the world emanates from the work of evil-doers. The US must therefore sometimes intervene militarily against evil. The European Union (EU) security culture model differs from traditional European iterations and from the American variant. The concept of threat as evil lost salience as Western Europe became more secularist. Threats became problems to manage and resolve. The upsurge in anti-immigrant and anti-foreigner sentiment in the midst of economic crisis undermines this model.