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Pensées De Blaise Pascal Fragments 425 Et 430

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Pensees

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Blaise Pascal, the precociously brilliant contemporary of Descartes, was a gifted mathematician and physicist, but it is his unfinished apologia for the Ch ...

  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: Penguin UK
  • ISBN: 0141915641
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 368
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 330
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Détails: Blaise Pascal, the precociously brilliant contemporary of Descartes, was a gifted mathematician and physicist, but it is his unfinished apologia for the Christian religion upon which his reputation now rests. The Penseés is a collection of philosohical fragments, notes and essays in which Pascal explores the contradictions of human nature in pscyhological, social, metaphysical and - above all - theological terms. Mankind emerges from Pascal's analysis as a wretched and desolate creature within an impersonal universe, but who can be transformed through faith in God's grace.


Studies in Pascal’s Ethics

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The aim of these studies is to show how Pascal's moral outlook reflects the influence on his thought of the basic doctrine of the three orders. This does n ...

  • L'auteur : A.W. Baird
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401016232
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 100
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1374
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Détails: The aim of these studies is to show how Pascal's moral outlook reflects the influence on his thought of the basic doctrine of the three orders. This does not mean that an attempt is made to classify all Pascal's moral judgements in order to relate them to that doctrine. The intention is rather to dIstinguish the different moral stances Pascal takes, and to ascertain how far the apparent inconsistencies between them can be explained, if not reconciled, in the light of the orders. It is made clear at the outset how the three orders form the framework of Pascal's scale of values, with the different orders representing at once categories of moral value and orders of being. The peculiar nature of this scale, in which moral and ontological values coalesce, calls for a double criterion, or variable, to allow for differences both of degree and of kind. Since the criterion of rank in the scale is reality, the assigning of value becomes largely a question of perspective: a quality from a given order taken by itself is real, and has moral value, but when compared with a quality from a higher order it loses both its reality and its worth.


The Gospel in the Marketplace of Ideas

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Our world is multicultural, multireligious, multiphilosophical. It ranges from fundamental monotheism to do-it-yourself spirituality to strident atheism. H ...

  • L'auteur : Paul Copan,Kenneth D. Litwak
  • Editeur: InterVarsity Press
  • ISBN: 0830884092
  • Genre: Religion
  • Nombre de pages: 203
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1208
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Détails: Our world is multicultural, multireligious, multiphilosophical. It ranges from fundamental monotheism to do-it-yourself spirituality to strident atheism. How can Christians engage in communicating across worldviews in this pluralistic and often relativistic society? When Paul visited Athens, he found an equally multicultural and multireligious setting. From Jews to Gentiles, elite to poor, slaves to slave owners, from olive-skinned Gentiles to dark-skinned Ethiopians—the Greco-Roman world was a dynamic mix. Religious practices were also wide and varied, with the imperial cult of emperor worship being the most prominent. Many also frequented the temples for the traditional Greek pantheon, and participated in the secret rituals of the mystery religions. Seeking to embolden the church's witness in today's society, philosopher Paul Copan and New Testament scholar Kenneth Litwak show how Paul's speech to the Athenians (found in Acts 17) provides a practical model for Christians today. They uncover the cultural and religious background of this key episode in the apostle s career and they encourage believers to winsomely challenge the idols of our time to point contemporary Athenians to Christ.


Pascals Gedanken über Gerechtigkeit und Ordnung

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Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) gehört zu den größten Geistern, die je auf Erden gelebt haben. Seine tiefgründigen Gedanken über Recht, Macht und Gerechtigk ...

  • L'auteur : Jens Petersen
  • Editeur: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • ISBN: 311045324X
  • Genre: Law
  • Nombre de pages: 172
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 897
  • Telecharger: 897
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Détails: Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) gehört zu den größten Geistern, die je auf Erden gelebt haben. Seine tiefgründigen Gedanken über Recht, Macht und Gerechtigkeit sind von den Juristen eher vereinzelt zitiert, nicht immer hinreichend von denen Montaignes abgegrenzt, selten im Zusammenhang durchdrungen und so gut wie nie im Hinblick auf seine großen religionsphilosophischen Gedanken untersucht worden. Der vorliegende Band versucht eine Verbindungslinie zwischen seiner Rechtsphilosophie und seiner Religionsphilosophie herzustellen, indem er Pascals Gedanken über die Gerechtigkeit zu seiner berühmten Lehre von den drei Ordnungen ins Verhältnis setzt.


Epistemologies of the South

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This book explores the concept of 'cognitive injustice': the failure to recognise the different ways of knowing by which people across the globe run their ...

  • L'auteur : Boaventura de Sousa Santos
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317260341
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 284
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 878
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Détails: This book explores the concept of 'cognitive injustice': the failure to recognise the different ways of knowing by which people across the globe run their lives and provide meaning to their existence. Boaventura de Sousa Santos shows why global social justice is not possible without global cognitive justice. Santos argues that Western domination has profoundly marginalised knowledge and wisdom that had been in existence in the global South. She contends that today it is imperative to recover and valorize the epistemological diversity of the world. Epistemologies of the South outlines a new kind of bottom-up cosmopolitanism, in which conviviality, solidarity and life triumph against the logic of market-ridden greed and individualism.


On Translation

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Paul Ricoeur was one of the most important philosophers of the twentieth century. In this short and accessible book, he turns to a topic at the heart of mu ...

  • L'auteur : Paul Ricoeur
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134325681
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 72
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1310
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Détails: Paul Ricoeur was one of the most important philosophers of the twentieth century. In this short and accessible book, he turns to a topic at the heart of much of his work: What is translation and why is it so important? Reminding us that The Bible, the Koran, the Torah and the works of the great philosophers are often only ever read in translation, Ricoeur reminds us that translation not only spreads knowledge but can change its very meaning. In spite of these risk, he argues that in a climate of ethnic and religious conflict, the art and ethics of translation are invaluable. Drawing on interesting examples such as the translation of early Greek philosophy during the Renaissance, the poetry of Paul Celan and the work of Hannah Arendt, he reflects not only on the challenges of translating one language into another but how one community speaks to another. Throughout, Ricoeur shows how to move through life is to navigate a world that requires translation itself. Paul Ricoeur died in 2005. He was one of the great contemporary French philosophers and a leading figure in hermeneutics, psychoanalytic thought, literary theory and religion. His many books include Freud and Philosophy and Time and Narrative.


Human Happiness

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Created by the seventeenth-century philosopher and mathematician Pascal, the essays contained in Human Happiness are a curiously optimistic look at whether ...

  • L'auteur : Blaise Pascal
  • Editeur: Penguin UK
  • ISBN: 014196412X
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 128
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1488
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Détails: Created by the seventeenth-century philosopher and mathematician Pascal, the essays contained in Human Happiness are a curiously optimistic look at whether humans can ever find satisfaction and real joy in life – or whether a belief in God is a wise gamble at best. Throughout history, some books have changed the world. They have transformed the way we see ourselves – and each other. They have inspired debate, dissent, war and revolution. They have enlightened, outraged, provoked and comforted. They have enriched lives – and destroyed them. Now Penguin brings you the works of the great thinkers, pioneers, radicals and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization and helped make us who we are.


Nietzsche's Journey to Sorrento

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“When for the first time I saw the evening rise with its red and gray softened in the Naples sky,” Nietzsche wrote, “it was like a shiver, as though ...

  • L'auteur : Paolo D'Iorio
  • Editeur: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 022628865X
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 176
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1620
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Détails: “When for the first time I saw the evening rise with its red and gray softened in the Naples sky,” Nietzsche wrote, “it was like a shiver, as though pitying myself for starting my life by being old, and the tears came to me and the feeling of having been saved at the very last second.” Few would guess it from the author of such cheery works as The Birth of Tragedy, but as Paolo D’Iorio vividly recounts in this book, Nietzsche was enraptured by the warmth and sun of southern Europe. It was in Sorrento that Nietzsche finally matured as a thinker. Nietzsche first voyaged to the south in the autumn of 1876, upon the invitation of his friend, Malwida von Meysenbug. The trip was an immediate success, reviving Nietzsche’s joyful and trusting sociability and fertilizing his creative spirit. Walking up and down the winding pathways of Sorrento and drawing on Nietzsche’s personal notebooks, D’Iorio tells the compelling story of Nietzsche’s metamorphosis beneath the Italian skies. It was here, D’Iorio shows, that Nietzsche broke intellectually with Wagner, where he decided to leave his post at Bâle, and where he drafted his first work of aphorisms, Human, All Too Human, which ushered in his mature era. A sun-soaked account of a philosopher with a notoriously overcast disposition, this book is a surprising travelogue through southern Italy and the history of philosophy alike.


Lake Pavin

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This book represents the first multidisciplinary scientific work on a deep volcanic maar lake in comparison with other similar temperate lakes. The synthes ...

  • L'auteur : Télesphore Sime-Ngando,Pierre Boivin,Emmanuel Chapron,Didier Jezequel,Michel Meybeck
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319399616
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 421
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1976
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Détails: This book represents the first multidisciplinary scientific work on a deep volcanic maar lake in comparison with other similar temperate lakes. The syntheses of the main characteristics of Lake Pavin are, for the first time, set in a firmer footing comparative approach, encompassing regional, national, European and international aquatic science contexts. It is a unique lake because of its permanently anoxic monimolimnion, and furthermore, because of its small surface area, its substantially low human influence, and by the fact that it does not have a river inflow. The book reflects the scientific research done on the general limnology, history, origin, volcanology and geological environment as well as on the geochemistry and biogeochemical cycles. Other chapters focus on the biology and microbial ecology whereas the sedimentology and paleolimnology are also given attention. This volume will be of special interest to researchers and advanced students, primarily in the fields of limnology, biogeochemistry, and aquatic ecology.


Shaping the Canons of Ancient Greek Historiography

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The main focus of this book is the ancient formation and development of the canons of Greek historiography. It takes a fresh look on the modern debate on c ...

  • L'auteur : Ivan Matijašić
  • Editeur: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • ISBN: 311047543X
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Nombre de pages: 306
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1406
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Détails: The main focus of this book is the ancient formation and development of the canons of Greek historiography. It takes a fresh look on the modern debate on canonical literature and deals with Greek historiographical traditions in the works of ancient rhetors and literary critics. Writings on historiography by Cicero, Quintilian, and Dionysius of Halicarnassus are chiefly taken into account to explore the canons of Greek historians in Hellenistic and Roman Imperial Ages. Essential in canon-formation was the concept of classicism which took shape in the Age of Augustus, but whose earlier developments can be traced back to Isocrates, a model rhetor according to Dionysius at the end of the 1st century BC. The analysis explores also late-antique authors of school treatises and progymnasmata, a field where historiography had a pedagogical function. Previous studies on canonical literature have rarely considered historiography. This book examines not only the works of ancient historians and their legacy, but also the relationship between historiography, literary criticism, and the rhetorical tradition.


God Without Being

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Jean-Luc Marion is one of the world’s foremost philosophers of religion as well as one of the leading Catholic thinkers of modern times. In God Without B ...

  • L'auteur : Jean-Luc Marion
  • Editeur: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 0226505669
  • Genre: Religion
  • Nombre de pages: 344
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1843
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Détails: Jean-Luc Marion is one of the world’s foremost philosophers of religion as well as one of the leading Catholic thinkers of modern times. In God Without Being, Marion challenges a fundamental premise of traditional philosophy, theology, and metaphysics: that God, before all else, must be. Taking a characteristically postmodern stance and engaging in passionate dialogue with Heidegger, he locates a “God without Being” in the realm of agape, or Christian charity and love. If God is love, Marion contends, then God loves before he actually is. First translated into English in 1991, God Without Being continues to be a key book for discussions of the nature of God. This second edition contains a new preface by Marion as well as his 2003 essay on Thomas Aquinas. Offering a controversial, contemporary perspective, God Without Being will remain essential reading for scholars and students of philosophy and religion. “Daring and profound. . . . In matters most central to his thesis, [Marion]’s control is admirable, and his attunement to the nuances of other major postmodern thinkers is impressive.”—Theological Studies “A truly remarkable work.”—First Things “Very rewarding reading.”—Religious Studies Review


Notes for a Romantic Encyclopaedia

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The first English translation of Novalis’s unfinished notes for a universal science, Das Allgemeine Brouillon. ...

  • L'auteur : Novalis
  • Editeur: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 0791480704
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 320
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1135
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Détails: The first English translation of Novalis’s unfinished notes for a universal science, Das Allgemeine Brouillon.


Pascal the Philosopher

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Blaise Pascal has always been appreciated as a literary giant and a religious guide, but has received only grudging recognition as a philosopher: philosoph ...

  • L'auteur : Graeme Hunter
  • Editeur: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442667001
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 280
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1337
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Détails: Blaise Pascal has always been appreciated as a literary giant and a religious guide, but has received only grudging recognition as a philosopher: philosophers have mistaken Pascal’s harsh criticism of their discipline as a rejection of it. But according to Graeme Hunter, Pascal’s critics have simply failed to grasp his lean, but powerful conception of philosophy. This accessibly written book provides the first introduction to Pascal’s philosophy as an organic whole. Hunter argues that Pascal’s aim is not merely to humble philosophy, but to save it from a kind of failure to which it is prone. He lays out Pascal’s development of a more promising and fruitful path for philosophical inquiry, one that responded to the scientific, religious, and political upheaval of his time. Finally, Hunter illuminates Pascal’s significance for contemporary readers, allowing him to emerge as the rare philosopher who is spiritual, literary, and rigorous all at once – both a brilliant controversialist and a thinker of substance.


What is this thing called Philosophy?

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What is this thing called Philosophy? is the definitive textbook for all who want a thorough introduction to the field. It introduces philosophy using a qu ...

  • L'auteur : Duncan Pritchard
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135037450
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 408
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1182
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Détails: What is this thing called Philosophy? is the definitive textbook for all who want a thorough introduction to the field. It introduces philosophy using a question-led approach that reflects the discursive nature of the discipline. Edited by Duncan Pritchard, each section is written by a high-profile contributor focusing on a key area of philosophy, and contains three or four question-based chapters offering an accessible point of engagement. The core areas of philosophy covered are: Ethics Political Philosophy Aesthetics Epistemology Philosophy of Mind Metaphysics Philosophy of Science Philosophy of Religion The Meaning of Life. The accompanying Routledge companion website features valuable online resources for both instructors and students including links to audio and video material, multiple-choice questions, interactive flashcards, essay questions and annotated further reading. This is the essential textbook for students approaching the study of philosophy for the first time.


Diderot's Part

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Drawing upon the rich heterogeneity of Denis Diderot's texts-whether scientific, aesthetic, philosophic or literary-Andrew Clark locates and examines an im ...

  • L'auteur : Andrew H. Clark
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351944290
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Nombre de pages: 243
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1096
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Détails: Drawing upon the rich heterogeneity of Denis Diderot's texts-whether scientific, aesthetic, philosophic or literary-Andrew Clark locates and examines an important epistemological shift both in Diderot's oeuvre and in the eighteenth century more generally. In Western Europe during the 1750s, the human body was reconceptualized as physiologists began to emphasize the connections, communication, and relationships among relatively autonomous somatic parts and an animated whole. This new conceptualization was part of a larger philosophical and epistemological shift in the relationship of part to whole, as discovered in that of bee to swarm; organ to body; word to phrase; dissonant chord to harmonic progression; article to encyclopedia; and individual citizen to body politic. Starting from Diderot's concept of the body as elaborated from the physiological research and speculation of contemporaries such as Haller and Bordeu, the author investigates how the logic of an unstable relationship of part to whole animates much of Diderot's writing in genres ranging from art criticism to theatre to philosophy of science. In particular, Clark examines the musical figure of dissonance, a figure used by Diderot himself, as a useful theoretical model to give insight into these complex relations. This study brings a fresh approach to the classic question of whether Diderot's work represents a consistent point of view or a series of ruptures and changes of position.


A French Novel

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Arrested for snorting cocaine off a car bonnet, award-winning author and quintessential dilettante Frederic Beigbeder reflects on his troubled childhood, w ...

  • L'auteur : Frédéric Beigbeder
  • Editeur: HarperCollins UK
  • ISBN: 0007468857
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Nombre de pages: 304
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1010
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Détails: Arrested for snorting cocaine off a car bonnet, award-winning author and quintessential dilettante Frederic Beigbeder reflects on his troubled childhood, while spending a night in the cells.


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