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Race Et Histoire

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Tristes Tropiques

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\"A magical masterpiece.\"—Robert Ardrey. A chronicle of the author\'s search for a civilization \"reduced to its most basic expression.\" ...

  • L'auteur : Claude Levi-Strauss
  • Editeur: Penguin
  • ISBN: 1101575603
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 448
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1452
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Détails: "A magical masterpiece."—Robert Ardrey. A chronicle of the author's search for a civilization "reduced to its most basic expression."


Political Economy for Human Rights

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Over time there has been a miscommunication between mainstream economics and human rights that has paved the way to a justificatory ideology that validates ...

  • L'auteur : Manuel Couret Branco
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1000019942
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Nombre de pages: 154
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1361
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Détails: Over time there has been a miscommunication between mainstream economics and human rights that has paved the way to a justificatory ideology that validates the submission of human rights to the logic of market capitalism. This book shows how the discourse of mainstream economics is intrinsically opposed to the strengthening of human rights and outlines the principles upon which a human rights-based political economy can be built. Considering a variety of recognized human rights, such as the right to water and sanitation, the right to social security, the right to work, cultural freedom and democracy, this book describes how mainstream economics theory conflicts with these rights and explores alternative modes of thinking that incorporate human rights concerns into economics. Moreover, the book also reflects on the teaching of political economy for human rights. It sets out that a political economy favourable to human rights must be pluralist, interdisciplinary, participatory, de-commodified, non-utilitarian and non-consequentialist. The author proposes that it must not only assume the performative character of economics but also, and especially, its transformative purpose. Political Economy for Human Rights will offer students, academics, activists and policy makers useful tools to understand some of the main contradictions of contemporary societies and new paths leading to a more just and fraternal world. It will also be of great interest to the general public concerned with human rights and economic issues.


Madness and Civilization

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Michel Foucault examines the archeology of madness in the West from 1500 to 1800 - from the late Middle Ages, when insanity was still considered part of ev ...

  • L'auteur : Michel Foucault
  • Editeur: Vintage
  • ISBN: 0307833100
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 320
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 392
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Détails: Michel Foucault examines the archeology of madness in the West from 1500 to 1800 - from the late Middle Ages, when insanity was still considered part of everyday life and fools and lunatics walked the streets freely, to the time when such people began to be considered a threat, asylums were first built, and walls were erected between the "insane" and the rest of humanity.


Sapiens

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NATIONAL BESTSELLER NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER Destined to become a modern classic in the vein of Guns, Germs, and Steel, Sapiens is a lively, groundbreakin ...

  • L'auteur : Yuval Noah Harari
  • Editeur: Signal
  • ISBN: 0771038526
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 512
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1410
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Détails: NATIONAL BESTSELLER NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER Destined to become a modern classic in the vein of Guns, Germs, and Steel, Sapiens is a lively, groundbreaking history of humankind told from a unique perspective. 100,000 years ago, at least six species of human inhabited the earth. Today there is just one. Us. Homo Sapiens. How did our species succeed in the battle for dominance? Why did our foraging ancestors come together to create cities and kingdoms? How did we come to believe in gods, nations, and human rights; to trust money, books, and laws; and to be enslaved by bureaucracy, timetables, and consumerism? And what will our world be like in the millennia to come? In Sapiens, Dr. Yuval Noah Harari spans the whole of human history, from the very first humans to walk the earth to the radical -- and sometimes devastating -- breakthroughs of the Cognitive, Agricultural, and Scientific Revolutions. Drawing on insights from biology, anthropology, palaeontology, and economics, he explores how the currents of history have shaped our human societies, the animals and plants around us, and even our personalities. Have we become happier as history has unfolded? Can we ever free our behaviour from the heritage of our ancestors? And what, if anything, can we do to influence the course of the centuries to come? Bold, wide-ranging and provocative, Sapiens challenges everything we thought we knew about being human: our thoughts, our actions, our power...and our future.


Colour-Coded

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Historically Canadians have considered themselves to be more or less free of racial prejudice. Although this conception has been challenged in recent years ...

  • L'auteur : Constance Backhouse
  • Editeur: University of Toronto Press
  • ISBN: 1442690852
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 432
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 635
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Détails: Historically Canadians have considered themselves to be more or less free of racial prejudice. Although this conception has been challenged in recent years, it has not been completely dispelled. In Colour-Coded, Constance Backhouse illustrates the tenacious hold that white supremacy had on our legal system in the first half of this century, and underscores the damaging legacy of inequality that continues today. Backhouse presents detailed narratives of six court cases, each giving evidence of blatant racism created and enforced through law. The cases focus on Aboriginal, Inuit, Chinese-Canadian, and African-Canadian individuals, taking us from the criminal prosecution of traditional Aboriginal dance to the trial of members of the 'Ku Klux Klan of Kanada.' From thousands of possibilities, Backhouse has selected studies that constitute central moments in the legal history of race in Canada. Her selection also considers a wide range of legal forums, including administrative rulings by municipal councils, criminal trials before police magistrates, and criminal and civil cases heard by the highest courts in the provinces and by the Supreme Court of Canada. The extensive and detailed documentation presented here leaves no doubt that the Canadian legal system played a dominant role in creating and preserving racial discrimination. A central message of this book is that racism is deeply embedded in Canadian history despite Canada's reputation as a raceless society. Winner of the Joseph Brant Award, presented by the Ontario Historical Society


Fear of a Black Nation

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In the 1960s, for at least a brief moment, Montreal became what seemed an unlikely centre of Black Power and the Caribbean left. In October 1968 the Congre ...

  • L'auteur : David Austin
  • Editeur: Between the Lines
  • ISBN: 1771130113
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 286
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 821
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Détails: In the 1960s, for at least a brief moment, Montreal became what seemed an unlikely centre of Black Power and the Caribbean left. In October 1968 the Congress of Black Writers at McGill University brought together well-known Black thinkers and activists from Canada, the United States, Africa, and the Caribbean, people like C.L.R. James, Stokely Carmichael, Miriam Makeba, Rocky Jones, and Walter Rodney. Within months of the Congress, a Black-led protest at Sir George Williams University (now Concordia) exploded on the front pages of newspapers across the country, raising state security fears about Montreal as the new hotbed of international Black radical politics.


Dominion of Race

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How has race shaped Canada’s international encounters and its role in the world? In Dominion of Race, leading scholars demonstrate the necessity of placi ...

  • L'auteur : Laura Madokoro,Francine McKenzie,David Meren
  • Editeur: UBC Press
  • ISBN: 0774834463
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 332
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 718
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Détails: How has race shaped Canada’s international encounters and its role in the world? In Dominion of Race, leading scholars demonstrate the necessity of placing race at the centre of the narratives of Canadian international history. Destabilizing conventional understandings of Canada in the world, they expose how race-thinking has informed priorities and policies, positioned Canada in the international community, and contributed to a global order rooted in racial beliefs. By demonstrating that race is a fundamental component of Canada and its international history, this book calls for reengagement with the histories of those marginalized in, or excluded from, the historical record.


The History of Sexuality

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Michel Foucult offers an iconoclastic exploration of why we feel compelled to continually analyze and discuss sex, and of the social and mental mechanisms ...

  • L'auteur : Michel Foucault
  • Editeur: Vintage
  • ISBN: 0307819280
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 176
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 349
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Détails: Michel Foucult offers an iconoclastic exploration of why we feel compelled to continually analyze and discuss sex, and of the social and mental mechanisms of power that cause us to direct the questions of what we are to what our sexuality is.


Between the World and Me

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#1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER • NATIONAL BOOK AWARD WINNER • NAMED ONE OF TIME’S TEN BEST NONFICTION BOOKS OF THE DECADE • PULITZER PRIZE FINALIST ...

  • L'auteur : Ta-Nehisi Coates
  • Editeur: One World
  • ISBN: 0679645985
  • Genre: Biography & Autobiography
  • Nombre de pages: 176
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1040
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Détails: #1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER • NATIONAL BOOK AWARD WINNER • NAMED ONE OF TIME’S TEN BEST NONFICTION BOOKS OF THE DECADE • PULITZER PRIZE FINALIST • NATIONAL BOOK CRITICS CIRCLE AWARD FINALIST • ONE OF OPRAH’S “BOOKS THAT HELP ME THROUGH” • NOW AN HBO ORIGINAL SPECIAL EVENT Hailed by Toni Morrison as “required reading,” a bold and personal literary exploration of America’s racial history by “the most important essayist in a generation and a writer who changed the national political conversation about race” (Rolling Stone) NAMED ONE OF THE MOST INFLUENTIAL BOOKS OF THE DECADE BY CNN • NAMED ONE OF PASTE’S BEST MEMOIRS OF THE DECADE • NAMED ONE OF THE TEN BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY The New York Times Book Review • O: The Oprah Magazine • The Washington Post • People • Entertainment Weekly • Vogue • Los Angeles Times • San Francisco Chronicle • Chicago Tribune • New York • Newsday • Library Journal • Publishers Weekly In a profound work that pivots from the biggest questions about American history and ideals to the most intimate concerns of a father for his son, Ta-Nehisi Coates offers a powerful new framework for understanding our nation’s history and current crisis. Americans have built an empire on the idea of “race,” a falsehood that damages us all but falls most heavily on the bodies of black women and men—bodies exploited through slavery and segregation, and, today, threatened, locked up, and murdered out of all proportion. What is it like to inhabit a black body and find a way to live within it? And how can we all honestly reckon with this fraught history and free ourselves from its burden? Between the World and Me is Ta-Nehisi Coates’s attempt to answer these questions in a letter to his adolescent son. Coates shares with his son—and readers—the story of his awakening to the truth about his place in the world through a series of revelatory experiences, from Howard University to Civil War battlefields, from the South Side of Chicago to Paris, from his childhood home to the living rooms of mothers whose children’s lives were taken as American plunder. Beautifully woven from personal narrative, reimagined history, and fresh, emotionally charged reportage, Between the World and Me clearly illuminates the past, bracingly confronts our present, and offers a transcendent vision for a way forward.


Imperial Plots

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Sarah Carter’s "Imperial Plots: Women, Land, and the Spadework of British Colonialism on the Canadian Prairies" examines the goals, aspirations, andchall ...

  • L'auteur : Sarah Carter
  • Editeur: Univ. of Manitoba Press
  • ISBN: 0887555306
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 455
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1316
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Détails: Sarah Carter’s "Imperial Plots: Women, Land, and the Spadework of British Colonialism on the Canadian Prairies" examines the goals, aspirations, andchallenges met by women who sought land of their own. Supporters of British women homesteaders argued they would contribute to the “spade-work” of the Empire through their imperial plots, replacing foreign settlers and relieving Britain of its "surplus" women. Yet far into the twentieth century there was persistent opposition to the idea that women could or should farm: British women were to be exemplars of an idealized white femininity, not toiling in the fields. In Canada, heated debates about women farmers touched on issues of ethnicity, race, gender, class, and nation. Despite legal and cultural obstacles and discrimination, British women did acquire land as homesteaders, farmers, ranchers, and speculators on the Canadian prairies. They participated in the project of dispossessing Indigenous people. Their complicity was, however, ambiguous and restricted because they were excluded from the power and privileges of their male counterparts. Imperial Plots depicts the female farmers and ranchers of the prairies, from the Indigenous women agriculturalists of the Plains to the array of women who resolved to work on the land in the first decades of the twentieth century.


Claude Lévi-Strauss

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Claude Lévi-Strauss, the 'father of modern anthropology' and author of the classic Tristes tropiques, was one of the most influential intellectuals of the ...

  • L'auteur : Patrick Wilcken
  • Editeur: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 1408827336
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 384
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1569
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Détails: Claude Lévi-Strauss, the 'father of modern anthropology' and author of the classic Tristes tropiques, was one of the most influential intellectuals of the second half of the twentieth century. Dislodging Sartre, Camus and de Beauvoir from the pinnacle of French intellectual life in the 1950s, he brought about a sea change in Western thought and inspired a generation of thinkers and writers, including Michel Foucault, Roland Barthes and Jacques Lacan with his structuralist theories. Lévi-Strauss's bohemian childhood and later studies of the emerging discipline of anthropology in the field and the university led him to mix with intellectuals, artists and poets from all over Europe. Tracing the evolution of his ideas through interviews with the man himself, research into his archives and conversations with contemporary anthropologists, Wilcken explores and explains Lévi-Strauss's theories, revealing an artiste manqué who infused his academic writing with an artistic and poetic sensibility.


Race and Ethnicity in Latin America

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First Published in 1994. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company. ...

  • L'auteur : Jorge I Dominguez
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135564973
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 384
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1620
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Détails: First Published in 1994. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


Thinking without Desire

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The book is an attempt to evaluate the reception of Continental philosophy (phenomenology,hermeneutics, deconstruction, etc.) within mainstream jurispruden ...

  • L'auteur : Panu Minkkinen
  • Editeur: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1847310923
  • Genre: Law
  • Nombre de pages: 256
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1676
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Détails: The book is an attempt to evaluate the reception of Continental philosophy (phenomenology,hermeneutics, deconstruction, etc.) within mainstream jurisprudence. The book claims that the reduction of philosophy to social theory can only be accomplished by impoverishing the impetus of philosophical thinking and, consequently, by transforming critique into criticism, and the philosophy of law into legal theory. The response developed in this book is the creation of a metaphysical understanding of law or, in other words, what Aristotle called a 'first philosophy'. In addition to philosophy proper – the classics of Antiquity, the great German philosophers, contemporary French thinking –, the book covers a wide range of jurisprudential literature. These include the neo-Kantian philosophers of law whose thinking is allegedly at the root of legal positivism, but special emphasis is also given to 'existential' philosophers of law deeply inspired by the hermeneutical phenomenology of Martin Heidegger. Lastly, the book encourages specifically philosophical approaches in law to the thinking of French contemporaries whose work has inspired critical legal scholarship during the past ten years.


La Fabrique de la "race"

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Comme le "genre", la "race" est un construit social et il est étonnant de voir comment un même groupe humain peut être déplacé sur l'échelle chromati ...

  • L'auteur : Michel Prum
  • Editeur: Editions L\'Harmattan
  • ISBN: 2296183778
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 266
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 621
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Détails: Comme le "genre", la "race" est un construit social et il est étonnant de voir comment un même groupe humain peut être déplacé sur l'échelle chromatique selon les besoins du moment. Cet ouvrage éclaire la naissance du concept de "race" en France et surtout dans le monde anglophone, ainsi que le concept, à l'origine américain, de whiteness. L'ouvrage s'intéresse également aux rapports complexes entre biologie, éthique et politique, avec les tentatives de fabriquer une "race" plus forte, plus adaptée ou plus contrôlable.


Science, Voyages, and Encounters in Oceania, 1511-1850

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Blending global scope with local depth, this book throws new light on important themes. Spanning four centuries and vast space, it combines the history of ...

  • L'auteur : Bronwen Douglas
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137305894
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 361
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 314
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Détails: Blending global scope with local depth, this book throws new light on important themes. Spanning four centuries and vast space, it combines the history of ideas with particular histories of encounters between European voyagers and Indigenous people in Oceania (Island Southeast Asia, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands).


Character, Self, and Sociability in the Scottish Enlightenment

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An interdisciplinary examination of the Enlightenment character and its broader significance. Whilst the main focus of the book is the Scottish Enlightenme ...

  • L'auteur : T. Ahnert
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230119956
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 298
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 323
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Détails: An interdisciplinary examination of the Enlightenment character and its broader significance. Whilst the main focus of the book is the Scottish Enlightenment, contributors also employ a transatlantic scope by considering parallel developments in Europe, and America.


The Discourse of Race in Modern China

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First published in 1992, The Discourse of Race in Modern China rapidly became a classic, showing for the first time on the basis of detailed evidence how a ...

  • L'auteur : Frank Dikötter
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019061305X
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 256
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 654
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Détails: First published in 1992, The Discourse of Race in Modern China rapidly became a classic, showing for the first time on the basis of detailed evidence how and why racial categorisation became so widespread in China. After the country's devastating defeat against Japan in 1895, leading reformers like Yan Fu, Liang Qichao and Kang Youwei turned away from the Confucian classics to seek enlightenment abroad, hoping to find the keys to wealth and power on the distant shores of Europe. Instead, they discovered the notion of 'race', and used new evolutionary theories from Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer to present a universe red in tooth and claw in which 'yellows' competed with 'whites' in a deadly struggle for survival. After the fall of the empire in 1911, prominent politicians and writers in republican China continued to measure, classify and rank people from around the world according to their supposed biological features, all in the name of science. Racial thinking remains popular in the People's Republic of China, as serologists, geneticists and anthropometrists continue to interpret human variation in terms of 'race'. This new edition has been revised and expanded to include a new chapter taking the reader up to the twenty-first century.


Decolonial Judaism

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Decolonial Judaism: Triumphal Failures of Barbaric Thinking explores the relationship among geopolitics, religion, and social theory. It argues that during ...

  • L'auteur : S. Slabodsky
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137345837
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 259
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 652
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Détails: Decolonial Judaism: Triumphal Failures of Barbaric Thinking explores the relationship among geopolitics, religion, and social theory. It argues that during the postcolonial and post-Holocaust era, Jewish thinkers in different parts of the world were influenced by Global South thought and mobilized this rich set of intellectual resources to confront the assimilation of normative Judaism by various incipient neo-colonial powers. By tracing the historical and conceptual lineage of this overlooked conversation, this book explores not only its epistemological opportunities, but also the internal contradictions that led to its ultimate unraveling, especially in the post-9/11 world.


Holy Ignorance

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Olivier Roy, world-renowned authority on Islam and politics, finds in the modern disconnection between faith communities and socio-cultural identities a fe ...

  • L'auteur : Roy Olivier
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190257156
  • Genre: Religion
  • Nombre de pages: 288
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 616
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Détails: Olivier Roy, world-renowned authority on Islam and politics, finds in the modern disconnection between faith communities and socio-cultural identities a fertile space for fundamentalism to grow. Instead of freeing the world from religion, secularization has encouraged a kind of holy ignorance to take root, an anti-intellectualism that promises immediate, emotional access to the sacred and positions itself in direct opposition to contemporary pagan culture. The secularization of society was supposed to free people from religion, yet individuals are converting en masse to fundamentalist faiths, such as Protestant evangelicalism, Islamic Salafism, and Haredi Judaism. These religions either reconnect adherents to their culture through casual referents, like halal fast food, or maintain their momentum through purification rituals, such as speaking in tongues, a practice that allows believers to utter a language that is entirely their own. Instead of a return to traditional religious worship, we are now witnessing the individualisation of faith and the disassociation of faith communities from ethnic and national identities. Roy explores the options now available to powers that hope to integrate or control these groups; and whether marginalisation or homogenisation will further divide believers from their culture.


Peuples, guerres et religions dans l'Amérique du Nord coloniale

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Les missionnaires français des XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles en Amérique ont laissé de nombreux écrits permettant d'appréhender le phénomène du "contact" ...

  • L'auteur : Anne-Claire Moreau
  • Editeur: Editions L\'Harmattan
  • ISBN: 2336353709
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 220
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1511
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Détails: Les missionnaires français des XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles en Amérique ont laissé de nombreux écrits permettant d'appréhender le phénomène du "contact" entre les civilisations européennes et amérindiennes. Les jésuites publièrent maints récits de leurs voyages. L'exemple de Sébastien Racle qui passa plus de trente ans en Acadie chez les Abenakis est étudié dans cet ouvrage. L'auteur met en lumière les interactions réciproques du "Vieux Continent" et du "Nouveau Monde" dont les missionnaires furent les vecteurs précoces et majeurs.