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Recueil Des Instructions Données Aux Ambassadeurs Et Ministres De France

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Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes

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This is the first complete study of Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes, one of the most distinguished diplomats and statesmen of eighteenth-century France ...

  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 1438413971
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 607
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 347
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Détails: This is the first complete study of Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes, one of the most distinguished diplomats and statesmen of eighteenth-century France. Vergennes represented France as a diplomat in Germany, Constantinople, and Stockholm, and was Louis XVI’s Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. Orville Murphy traces Vergennes’ career as he steadily rose from the provincial nobility of the robe to the ranks of the court aristocracy; from the post of an obscure diplomat to the lofty position of Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. Murphy, however, has written much more than an interesting biography. The book develops a link between diplomatic personalities, the foreign policies of the French kings Louis XV and Louis XVI, and the contemporary social, economic, and political problems during much of the eighteenth century. Indeed, Vergennes and his policies are central to any study of the American Revolution, the underlying causes of the French Revolution, and of the subsequent “Age of Revolutions” in Europe.


The Politics of Commercial Treaties in the Eighteenth Century

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This book is the first study that analyses bilateral commercial treaties as instruments of peace and trade comparatively and over time. The work focuses on ...

  • L'auteur : Antonella Alimento,Koen Stapelbroek
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319535749
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 472
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 391
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Détails: This book is the first study that analyses bilateral commercial treaties as instruments of peace and trade comparatively and over time. The work focuses on commercial treaties as an index of the challenges of eighteenth-century European politics, shaping a new understanding of these challenges and of how they were confronted at the time in theory and diplomatic practice. From the middle of the seventeenth century to the time of the Napoleonic wars bilateral commercial treaties were concluded not only at the end of large-scale wars accompanying peace settlements, but also independently with the aim to prevent or contain war through controlling the balance of trade between states. Commercial treaties were also understood by major political writers across Europe as practical manifestations of the wider intellectual problem of devising a system of interstate trade in which the principles of reciprocity and equality were combined to produce sustainable peaceful economic development.


American By Degrees

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The expressions of American hostility toward France after 9/11 are not new - Franco-American relations in the early twentieth century were also difficult, ...

  • L'auteur : Robert J. Young
  • Editeur: McGill-Queen\'s Press - MQUP
  • ISBN: 0773585435
  • Genre: Art
  • Nombre de pages: N.A
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1444
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Détails: The expressions of American hostility toward France after 9/11 are not new - Franco-American relations in the early twentieth century were also difficult, characterized by the same antagonistic depictions of the other's culture. Ambassador Jules Jusserand's years in Washington (1903-24) were defined by efforts to correct such misconceptions, whether they came from the venomous pens of French extremists or from members of William Randolph Hearst's press empire. In An American by Degrees Robert Young explores Ambassador Jusserand's life and legacy. Fluent in English, married to an American, and a historian who was a frequent guest at many American universities, Jusserand deftly cultivated American sympathies for France. His tasks as a diplomat were formidable, whether during the period of America's war-time neutrality - when France was nearly over-run by the German army - or when as allies they competed for control of the peace process or sought to resolve post-war issues like disarmament, war debts, and reparations. Jusserand relentlessly reminded Americans that France had been an ally during their Revolution and that their concept of "civilization" was part of France's intellectual and cultural legacy. His emphasis on their shared history was natural, as befitted the first winner of the Pulitzer Prize in History and only the second foreigner to serve as president of the American Historical Association.


King of the World

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WINNER OF THE FRANCO-BRITISH SOCIETY BOOK PRIZE 2019 'The ultimate biography of the Sun King, Louis XIV' Simon Sebag Montefiore A TELEGRAPH, SPECTATOR, BBC ...

  • L'auteur : Philip Mansel
  • Editeur: Penguin UK
  • ISBN: 0241960592
  • Genre: Biography & Autobiography
  • Nombre de pages: 640
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1435
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Détails: WINNER OF THE FRANCO-BRITISH SOCIETY BOOK PRIZE 2019 'The ultimate biography of the Sun King, Louis XIV' Simon Sebag Montefiore A TELEGRAPH, SPECTATOR, BBC HISTORY MAGAZINE and TABLET BOOK OF THE YEAR Louis XIV, King of France and Navarre, dominated his age. In the second half of the seventeenth century, he extended France's frontiers into the Netherlands and Germany, and established colonies in America, Africa and India. Louisiana, which once occupied a third of the territory of the present-day United States, is named after him. Louis was also one of the greatest patrons of European history - Molière, Racine, Lully, Le Brun, le Nôtre all worked for him. The stupendous palace he built at Versailles, and its satellites at Marly and Trianon, became the envy of monarchs all over Europe, frequently imitated but never surpassed. In all his palaces, Louis encouraged dancing, hunting, music and gambling. He loved conversation, especially with women: the power of women in Louis's life and reign is a particular theme of this book. Louis was obsessed by the details of government, and travelled extensively around his kingdom, but often his choices for ministers and generals proved disastrous. After the death of his very able minister Colbert, the extraordinary cost of building palaces and waging continuous wars devastated French finances and helped set France on the path to revolution. In 1685, his decision to revoke toleration for Protestants damaged his country, and alienated Protestant Europe and at the end of his life, his forces were persistently defeated by the Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugene of Savoy. Nevertheless, by his death, he had helped make his grandson king of Spain, where his descendants still reign, and France had taken essentially the shape it has today. Philip Mansel's King of the World is much the most comprehensive and up-to-date biography of this hypnotic, flawed figure in English. It draws on all the latest research in France, Britain and America and pays special attention to the culture of the court, on which Mansel is an acknowledged expert. It is a convincing and compelling portrait of a man who, three hundred years after his death, still epitomises the idea of le grand monarque.


Histoire de Marie-Antoinette (Complete)

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C'est en ces termes que, dans les instructions remises en 1759 au comte de Choiseul, nommé ambassadeur à Vienne, l'un des principaux promoteurs du grand ...

  • L'auteur : Maxime de la Rocheterie
  • Editeur: Library of Alexandria
  • ISBN: 1465611509
  • Genre: France
  • Nombre de pages: 596
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1419
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Détails: C'est en ces termes que, dans les instructions remises en 1759 au comte de Choiseul, nommé ambassadeur à Vienne, l'un des principaux promoteurs du grand changement survenu au XVIIIe siècle dans la politique de la France, le duc de Choiseul, ministre des affaires étrangères, appréciait ce grave événement, et sa conviction était si profonde qu'il répétait la même pensée, sous la même forme, deux fois encore dans ses instructions diplomatiques, en 1761, pour le comte du Châtelet, en 1766, pour le marquis de Durfort. Le changement avait été radical en effet, et l'étonnement public avait dû être grand. Depuis plus de deux siècles, la France s'était habituée à regarder l'Autriche comme son éternelle rivale. Libre du côté de l'Angleterre qui, pendant tout le Moyen âge, avait été l'ennemie héréditaire, mais que la glorieuse épopée de Jeanne d'Arc et, plus tard, la prise de Calais par François de Guise avaient définitivement rejetée de l'autre côté de la Manche, elle avait eu, depuis le commencement des temps modernes, à défendre non pas seulement sa puissance, mais son existence même contre la double étreinte des Habsbourg, qui, par leurs deux branches, d'Espagne et d'Autriche, la resserraient au Nord, au Midi et à l'Est. Briser cette ceinture qui nous étouffait, repousser au delà de nos frontières naturelles les postes avancés que le roi d'Espagne d'un côté, l'Empereur de l'autre avaient sur le territoire national, reprendre la liberté de nos mouvements et assurer à la couronne de France «le rôle supérieur qui convenait à son ancienneté, à sa dignité et à sa grandeur», tel avait été le but poursuivi, avec une patiente obstination et une habileté patriotique, par les princes qui, depuis François Ier, s'étaient succédé sur le trône et les grands ministres qui les avaient servis. Un moment dissimulée plutôt que suspendue par les troubles religieux sous les derniers Valois, la lutte avait repris avec plus d'éclat et de force sous les Bourbons. Ce combat pour la vie avait été l'origine d'alliances qui avaient dû coûter au Roi Très Chrétien, mais que la nécessité avait imposées: l'alliance avec le sultan et avec les protestants d'Allemagne et de Hollande qui, ennemis de l'Espagne et de l'Autriche, étaient naturellement pour nous d'utiles auxiliaires. Et c'est ainsi que, sous la protection de la France, s'était fondée et développée la grandeur des Hohenzollern, qui, d'électeurs de Brandebourg, étaient devenus rois de Prusse.


Mazarin's Quest

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Sonnino examines the diplomatic negotiations that took place in Westphalia from 1643 to 1648, which brought an end to the agonizing civil and religious con ...

  • L'auteur : Paul Sonnino
  • Editeur: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674043863
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 329
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 346
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Détails: Sonnino examines the diplomatic negotiations that took place in Westphalia from 1643 to 1648, which brought an end to the agonizing civil and religious conflict of the Thirty Years' War.


Reform, Revolution and French Global Policy, 1787-1791

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The period following the American War of Independence was, for the France of Louis XVI, the high water mark of its diplomatic prestige. With France's arch- ...

  • L'auteur : Jeremy J. Whiteman
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351905872
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 280
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 599
  • Telecharger: 599
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Détails: The period following the American War of Independence was, for the France of Louis XVI, the high water mark of its diplomatic prestige. With France's arch-rival, Britain, humbled by the loss of her main north American colonies and deprived of any significant continental alliances, Louis felt confident that France could at last re-assume its natural role as the economic, political and military leader of Europe. That this did not happen, and if anything France's international prestige sunk even lower, was a bitter pill for its rulers, and one that was to have important ramifications beyond the sphere of foreign policy. Indeed, continued frustration at France's impotence on the world stage became a pressing domestic issue, with radically opposing solutions being put forward to bring about a 'national regeneration'. This work focuses on the policy responses of the National Constituent Assembly to the issues of global competition, especially in the maritime, colonial and economic sphere, and with particular reference to Anglo-French rivalry. These responses are contrasted to the policies of the 'reforming' royal government of the Pre-Revolution of 1787-1789. From this analysis of the Old and New Regimes' respective global policies, it is shown how French responses to the demands of international competition played a role in both fostering and shaping the Revolution of 1789. Moreover, Whiteman argues that in spite of profound ideological differences, in material terms there was a significant degree of continuity between the policies of the Constituent deputies and the Old Regime royal government.


Louis XIV and Europe

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...

  • L'auteur : Ragnhild Marie Hatton
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 1349156590
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 311
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 798
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The Crisis of French Sea Power, 1688–1697

Telecharger pdf The Crisis of French Sea Power, 1688–1697

The French navy that fought in the Nine Years War was essentially Colbert's creation. Earlier in the century Richelieu had given France the beginnings of a ...

  • L'auteur : Geoffrey Symcox
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401020728
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 268
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 651
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Détails: The French navy that fought in the Nine Years War was essentially Colbert's creation. Earlier in the century Richelieu had given France the beginnings of a navy: ships, ports, a corps of officers and an administra tive structure. But most of his work was undone by neglect in the years after his death, and the task of making France a maritime power had to begin again under Louis XIV. Colbert's efforts to build a navy were distinguished by the same stubborn energy that he brought to all his other tasks. Behind his desire for naval might lay his vision of France as the first commercial power in Europe, for he saw clearly that mercantile preponderance could never be achieved without the backing of a strong fleet of warships. Trade would follow the flag, as he believed it had for his envied models and perpetual rivals, the Dutch. Soon after Louis XIV's assumption of power, Colbert set about the enOImOUS labour of resurrecting the navy founded by Richelieu; he soon found that the task was really one of creation, virtually ex nihilo. Ships or built, sailors recruited, captains enticed home from were purchased service under foreign flags, bases planned and constructed, an adminis trative system established.


Age of Louis XIV

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William James Roosen has written the first general study of European diplomacy in the age of Louis XIV which is based on the actual practices and instituti ...

  • L'auteur : William James Roosen
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351533282
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 208
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1601
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Détails: William James Roosen has written the first general study of European diplomacy in the age of Louis XIV which is based on the actual practices and institutions of that era, rather than on the writing of early theoreticians. Though the seventeenth century may not have been a period of great innovations in international diplomacy, it provides us with an important illustration of the "workings of a system which was well suited to the gradually changing needs of its time" and which has been called "the best form of diplomacy ever developed." Dr. Roosen demonstrates both the obvious differences and the many similarities between diplomatic procedures and practices of the seventeenth century and the twentieth. Any student of diplomacy and international relations will gain valuable insight and understanding from this study of the early modern diplomatic personalities, institutions, and practices. One of Dr. Roosen's goals in writing this book has been to discover the relationships between the ideological and socioeconomic structures and the diplomatic personalities who have influenced modern diplomacy. Further, he supplies the only available study of the realities of diplomatic practices in seventeenth century Europe, and provides an excellent basis for comparison with twentieth century international relations, in the hope that "studying early modern diplomatic personalities, institutions and practices should increase our understanding of international relations today." There are chapters on "The States of Europe," "Kings and Ministers," "Ambassadors," "Second Class Diplomats," "A Typical Early Modern Embassy," "Information: Important Objective of Diplomatic Activity," and "The Variety of Diplomatic Duties.


The Origins of the French Revolutionary Wars

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A major synthesis of current research on the three wars fought by France during the Revolution - against Austria and Prussia; Britain, Spain and the United ...

  • L'auteur : T.C.W. Blanning
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317872320
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 236
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 873
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Détails: A major synthesis of current research on the three wars fought by France during the Revolution - against Austria and Prussia; Britain, Spain and the United Provinces; and against the Second Coalition. contains analysis of the theories of war including Clausewitz, and the role of ideology


Joseph II

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It has been said that never has a monarch so narrowly missed "greatness" as did the Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II. An idealistic, sincere, and hardworking m ...

  • L'auteur : Walter W. Davis
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401192413
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 338
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 698
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Détails: It has been said that never has a monarch so narrowly missed "greatness" as did the Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II. An idealistic, sincere, and hardworking monarch whose ultilitarian bent, humanitarian instincts, and ambitious programs of reform in every area of public concern have prompted historians to term him an "enlightened despot," "revolutionary Emperor," "philosopher on a throne," and a ruler ahead of his time, Joseph has also been condemned for being insensitive to the phobias and follies of his subjects, essentially unrealistic, almost utopian, in establishing his goals, and dogmatic and overly precipitous in trying to achieve them. Efforts to analyze and explain the actions of this complex and controversial personality have involved a number of savants in investigations of "Josephinism" (or as I prefer to call it, "Josephism"), dealing in great detail with the motiva tions, substance, and influence of his innovations. The roots of Josephism run deep, but can be observed emerging here and there from the intellectual and political soil that nourished them, before joining the central trunk of the system formulated during the latter years of Maria Theresa's reign to grow to an ephemeral and stunted maturity under Joseph II.


Women In 17th Century France

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This book aims to trace the life of the seventeenth-century Frenchwoman from cradle to the grave through mainly contemporary primary sources which include ...

  • L'auteur : Wendy Gibson,Kevin D. Lam
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 1349200670
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 440
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1496
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Détails: This book aims to trace the life of the seventeenth-century Frenchwoman from cradle to the grave through mainly contemporary primary sources which include just about everything from collections of laws to traveller's tales. Rather than reworking and refuting the twentieth-century experts in the field, the author works directly through from birth and childhood through matrimony, women at work, and in political life, manners and religion to conclusive death.


Regulating Non-Muslim Communities in the Seventeenth-Century Ottoman Empire

Telecharger pdf Regulating Non-Muslim Communities in the Seventeenth-Century Ottoman Empire

This volume investigates how the peace and trade agreements, better known as capitulations, regulated Catholics in the Ottoman Empire. As one of the many n ...

  • L'auteur : Radu Dipratu
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1000434931
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 232
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1427
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Détails: This volume investigates how the peace and trade agreements, better known as capitulations, regulated Catholics in the Ottoman Empire. As one of the many non-Muslim groups that made up Ottoman society, Catholic communities were scattered around the Empire, from the Hungarian plains to the Aegean Islands and Palestine. Besides the more famous cases of the French capitulations of 1604 and 1673, this work explores the evolution of often ignored religious privileges granted by the Ottoman sultans to the Catholic rulers of Venice, the Holy Roman Empire, and Poland-Lithuania, as well as to the Protestant Dutch Republic and Orthodox Russia. While focused on the seventeenth century, precedents of the fifteenth century and later developments in the eighteenth century are also considered. This volume shows that capitulations essentially addressed the presence and religious activities of Catholic laymen and clerics and the status of churches. Furthermore, it demonstrates that European translations, the primary sources of previous scholarly works, offered a flawed perspective over the status of Catholics under Muslim rule. By drawing heavily on both original Ottoman-Turkish texts and previously unpublished archival material, this volume is an ideal resource for all scholars interested in the history of Catholicism in the seventeenth-century Ottoman Empire.


Theology, Politics and Letters at the Crossroads of European Civilization

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The Character of Seventeenth-Century French Protestantism and the Place of the Huguenot Refuge following the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes Thirty-seven ...

  • L'auteur : G. Cerny
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9400943431
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 354
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1340
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Détails: The Character of Seventeenth-Century French Protestantism and the Place of the Huguenot Refuge following the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes Thirty-seven years ago the late Emile-G. Leonard regretted that there were so few historical studies of seventeenth-century French Protestantism and no general 1 historical synthesis for the period as a whole. At the time Leonard's observation was accurate. Seventeenth-century French Protestantism traditionally remained a questionable and problematical subject for historians. All too frequently historians neglected it in favor of emphasizing its origins in the second-half of the sixteenth century and its renascence since the French Revolution. When the rare historian broke his silence and considered French Protestantism in the seventeenth-century, was meager and generally ambivalent or negative. The historiographer his treatment of seventeenth-century French Protestantism could only cite the outstanding works of Jean Pannier and Orentin Douen, which taken together emphasized the new pre eminence of Parisian Protestantism in the seventeenth century, and the genuine works of synthesis by John Vienot and Matthieu Lelievre, which again had to be placed side by side in order to complete coverage of the whole of the seventeenth 2 century. The only true intellectual history of seventeenth-century French Protestantism was the study by Albert Monod, which, however, dealt with the second-half of the century and, then, only in the broad context of both Protestant 3 and Catholic thought responding to the challenge of modern rationalism.


Serving France, Ireland and England

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This book assesses the service of Henri de Ruvigny, later earl of Galway, in France until the revocation of the edict of Nantes in 1685, his central role i ...

  • L'auteur : Marie M. Léoutre
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1315462877
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 238
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1771
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Détails: This book assesses the service of Henri de Ruvigny, later earl of Galway, in France until the revocation of the edict of Nantes in 1685, his central role in transforming Ireland in the aftermath of the Glorious Revolution, and his service of the British monarchy as administrator, military commander and diplomat. The analysis rests on underutilized sources in French, shedding light on a hitherto overlooked civil servant in this crucial period of Irish and British history, wrought with constitutional crises, but also on the Protestant International and the lesser-known fronts of the war of 1689-1697.


Royal Favouritism and the Governing Elite of the Spanish Monarchy, 1640-1665

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Royal Favouritism and the Governing Elite of the Spanish Monarchy, 1640-1665 presents a study of the later years of the reign of Philip IV from the perspec ...

  • L'auteur : Alistair Malcolm
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019250973X
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 320
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1298
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Détails: Royal Favouritism and the Governing Elite of the Spanish Monarchy, 1640-1665 presents a study of the later years of the reign of Philip IV from the perspective of his favourite (valido), don Luis Méndez de Haro, and of the other ministers who helped govern the Spanish Habsburg Monarchy. It offers a positive vision of a period that is often seen as one of failure and decline. Unlike his predecessors, Haro exercised the favour that he enjoyed in a discreet way, acting as a perfect courtier and honest broker between the king and his aristocratic subjects. Nevertheless, Alistair Malcolm also argues that the presence of a royal favourite at the head of the government of Spain amounted to a major problem. The king's delegation of his authority to a single nobleman was considered by many to have been incompatible with good kingship, and Philip IV was himself very uneasy about failing in his responsibilities as a ruler. Haro was thus in a highly insecure situation, and sought to justify his regime by organizing the management of a prestigious and expensive foreign policy. In this context, the eventual conclusion of the very honourable peace with France in 1659 is shown to have been as much the result of the independent actions of other ministers as it was of a royal favourite very reluctantly brought to the negotiating table at the Pyrenees. By conclusion, the quite sudden collapse of Spanish European hegemony after Haro's death in 1661 is represented as a delayed reaction to the repercussions of a flawed system of government.


Publishing Women's Life Stories in France, 1647-1720

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In this new study, Elizabeth Goldsmith continues her pursuit of issues treated in her earlier books on conversation, epistolary writing, and the female voi ...

  • L'auteur : Elizabeth C. Goldsmith
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351907514
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Nombre de pages: 184
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 772
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Détails: In this new study, Elizabeth Goldsmith continues her pursuit of issues treated in her earlier books on conversation, epistolary writing, and the female voice in literature. She examines how French women in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries first came to publish their private life stories; in doing so, she explores what the writers have to say about why they decide to write about themselves, what they choose to write, how they get their stories circulated and printed, and what they do to defend themselves against the threat to personal reputation and credibility that was implied by such public self-exposure. Goldsmith scrutinizes the autobiographical writing of six women, all of whom were, for different reasons, the objects of fairly intense publicity during their lifetime, at the historical moment when the idea of "publicity" via the printed word was still a new concept. Three of the women-Jeanne des Anges, Marie de l'Incarnation, and Jeanne Guyon-were charismatic religious figures whose writings were widely circulated. The other three writers-the sisters Hortense and Marie Mancini, and Madame de Villedieu-are more worldly, but like their spiritual counterparts, they undertook self-publication as a form of conversation with the world, and a way of participating in other forms of public discourse. Publishing Women's Life Stories in France, 1647-1720 considers the different forms that the life writing of these three women took: autobiographies; letter correspondences (which in four of the six cases have never before been published); trial transcripts; testimonials published as part of other authors' works; and written self-portraits that were circulated among friends. Drawing on the work of Michel de Certeau on voice and communities of readers in the 17th century, as well as the work of Roger Chartier and other historians of the book and print culture, Goldsmith retraces the complicated networks of human interaction that underlie these early a


A World of Paper

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Historians and social scientists have long identified bureaucracy as the modern state's foundation and the reign of France's Louis XIV as a model for its d ...

  • L'auteur : John C. Rule,Ben S. Trotter
  • Editeur: McGill-Queen\'s Press - MQUP
  • ISBN: 0773592156
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 829
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1596
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Détails: Historians and social scientists have long identified bureaucracy as the modern state's foundation and the reign of France's Louis XIV as a model for its development. A World of Paper offers a fresh interpretation of bureaucracy through a close examination of the department of the Sun King's last foreign secretary, Jean-Baptiste Colbert de Torcy. Torcy, who served as foreign secretary from 1696-1715, is widely regarded as one of the most brilliant foreign ministers of the ancien regime. Building on the work of his predecessors, he fashioned a skilled team of collaborators as he managed the complex issues of war and peace during the turbulent final decades of Louis XIV's reign. John Rule and Ben Trotter examine Torcy's department to depict administrative structures as they emerged through the circulating stream of paper that connected his office with provincial administrators and diplomats abroad. They explore the collection and centralization of information during Torcy's tenure through the creation of a modern state archive, discreet intelligence gathering, and the surveillance and management of the French mails. They also study the postal carriers, couriers, household officers of the royal court, genealogists hired for research, and an informal "brain trust" of experts, and advisors who carried vital information in and out of the department every day. A remarkable reconstruction of the department of Jean-Baptiste Colbert de Torcy, A World of Paper demystifies bureaucracy and explores the ways in which the modern information state developed from his labours.


Orientalism in Early Modern France

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Francis I's ties with the Ottoman Empire marked the birth of court-sponsored Orientalism in France. Under Louis XIV, French society was transformed by cros ...

  • L'auteur : Ina Baghdiantz McCabe
  • Editeur: Berg
  • ISBN: 1847884636
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Nombre de pages: 416
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1891
  • Telecharger: 1891
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Détails: Francis I's ties with the Ottoman Empire marked the birth of court-sponsored Orientalism in France. Under Louis XIV, French society was transformed by cross-cultural contacts with the Ottomans, India, Persia, China, Siam and the Americas. The consumption of silk, cotton cloth, spices, coffee, tea, china, gems, flowers and other luxury goods transformed daily life and gave rise to a new discourse about the 'Orient' which in turn shaped ideas about science, economy and politics, and against absolutist monarchy. An original account of the ancient regime, this book highlights France's use of the exotic and analyzes French discourse about Islam and the 'Orient'.


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