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Société Et Religion Chez Les Néwar Du Népal

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The Sacred Town of Sankhu

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This book presents a detailed view of Newar society and culture, and its socio-economic, socio-religious and ritual aspects, concentrating on the Newar tow ...

  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • ISBN: 144383825X
  • Genre: Performing Arts
  • Nombre de pages: 635
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 578
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Détails: This book presents a detailed view of Newar society and culture, and its socio-economic, socio-religious and ritual aspects, concentrating on the Newar town of Sankhu in the Valley of Nepal. The foundation of the town of Sankhu is attributed to the goddess Vajrayoginī, venerated by both Buddhists and Hindus in Nepal and beyond. Myths, history, and topographical details of the town and the sanctuary of the goddess Vajrayoginī and her cult are discussed on the basis of published sources, unpublished chronicles, and inscriptions. The book deals with the relation between Hinduism and Buddhism, with the interrelations between the Newar castes (jāt), caste-bound associations (sī guthi), and above all with the numerous socio-religious associations (guthi) that uphold ritual life of the Newars. All major and minor Newar feasts, festivals, dances, fasts and processions of gods and goddesses are discussed.


Religion, Secularism, and Ethnicity in Contemporary Nepal

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The socio-political landscape of Nepal has been rocked by dramatic and far-reaching changes in the past thirty years. Following a ten-year Maoist revolutio ...

  • L'auteur : David N. Gellner,Sondra L. Hausner,Chiara Letizia
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019099343X
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 512
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1958
  • Telecharger: 1958
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Détails: The socio-political landscape of Nepal has been rocked by dramatic and far-reaching changes in the past thirty years. Following a ten-year Maoist revolution and civil war, the country has transitioned from a monarchy to a republic. The former Hindu kingdom has declared its commitment to secularism, without coming to any agreement on what secularism means or should mean in the Nepalese context. What happens to religion under conditions of such rapid social and political change? How do the changes in public festivals reflect and/or create new group identities? Is the gap between the urban and the rural narrowing? How is the state dealing with Nepal’s multicultural and multi-religious society? How are Nepalis understanding, resisting, and adapting ideas of secularism? In order to answer these important questions, this volume brings together eleven case studies by an international team of anthropologists and ethno-Indologists of Nepal on such diverse topics as secularism, individualism, shamanism, animal sacrifice, the role of state functionaries in festivals, clashes and synergies between Maoism and Buddhism, and conversion to Christianity. In an Afterword, renowned political theorist Rajeev Bhargava presents a comparative analysis of Nepal’s experiences and asks whether the country is finding its own solution to the conundrum of secularism.


Sugata Saurabha An Epic Poem from Nepal on the Life of the Buddha by Chittadhar Hridaya

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This rendering of the Sugata Saurabha, in a long line of accounts of the Buddha's life dating back almost 2,000 years, may be the last ever to be produced ...

  • L'auteur : Todd T. Lewis,Subarna Man Tuladhar
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199887756
  • Genre: Religion
  • Nombre de pages: 416
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1105
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Détails: This rendering of the Sugata Saurabha, in a long line of accounts of the Buddha's life dating back almost 2,000 years, may be the last ever to be produced that conforms to the traditions of Indic classic poetry. It will not only appeal to scholars of Buddhism but will find use in courses that introduce students to the life of the Buddha.


The Epic of the Buddha

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A translation of the modern Nepalese classic Winner of the Toshihide Numata Book Award in Buddhism and the Khyentse Foundation Prize for Outstanding Transl ...

  • L'auteur : Chittadhar, Hrdaya
  • Editeur: Shambhala Publications
  • ISBN: 0834842025
  • Genre: Religion
  • Nombre de pages: 416
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 379
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Détails: A translation of the modern Nepalese classic Winner of the Toshihide Numata Book Award in Buddhism and the Khyentse Foundation Prize for Outstanding Translation This award-winning book contains the English translation of Sugata Saurabha (“The Sweet Fragrance of the Buddha”), an epic poem on the life and teachings of the Buddha. Chittadhar Hṛdaya, a master poet from Nepal, wrote this tour de force while imprisoned for subversion in the 1940s and smuggled it out over time on scraps of paper. His consummate skill and poetic artistry are evident throughout as he tells the Buddha’s story in dramatic terms, drawing on images from the natural world to heighten the description of emotionally charged events. It is peopled with very human characters who experience a wide range of emotions, from erotic love to anger, jealousy, heroism, compassion, and goodwill. By showing how the central events of the Buddha’s life are experienced by Siddhartha, as well as by his family members and various disciples, the poem communicates a fuller sense of the humanity of everyone involved and the depth and power of the Buddha’s loving-kindness. For this new edition of the English translation, the translators improved the beauty and flow of most every line. The translation is also supplemented with a series of short essays by Todd Lewis, one of the translators, that articulates how Hṛdaya incorporated his own Newar cultural traditions in order to connect his readership with the immediacy and relevancy of the Buddha’s life and at the same time express his views on political issues, ethical principles, literary life, gender discrimination, economic policy, and social reform.


Tantric Traditions in Transmission and Translation

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Tantric traditions in both Buddhism and Hinduism are thriving throughout Asia and in Asian diasporic communities around the world, yet they have been large ...

  • L'auteur : David B. Gray,Ryan Richard Overbey
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199909520
  • Genre: Religion
  • Nombre de pages: 392
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1685
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Détails: Tantric traditions in both Buddhism and Hinduism are thriving throughout Asia and in Asian diasporic communities around the world, yet they have been largely ignored by Western scholars until now. This collection of original essays fills this gap by examining the ways in which Tantric Buddhist traditions have changed over time and distance as they have spread across cultural boundaries in Asia. The book is divided into three sections dedicated to South Asia, Central Asia, and East Asia. The essays cover such topics as the changing ideal of masculinity in Buddhist literature, the controversy triggered by the transmission of the Indian Buddhist deity Heruka to Tibet in the 10th century, and the evolution of a Chinese Buddhist Tantric tradition in the form of the True Buddha School. The book as a whole addresses complex and contested categories in the field of religious studies, including the concept of syncretism and the various ways that the change and transformation of religious traditions can be described and articulated. The authors, leading scholars in Tantric studies, draw on a wide array of methodologies from the fields of history, anthropology, art history, and sociology. Tantric Traditions in Transmission and Translation is groundbreaking in its attempt to look past religious, linguistic, and cultural boundaries.


Reciting the Goddess

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Reciting the Goddess presents the first critical study of the Svasthanivratakatha (SVK), a sixteenth-century Hindu narrative textual tradition. The extensi ...

  • L'auteur : Jessica Vantine Birkenholtz
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190844558
  • Genre: Religion
  • Nombre de pages: 192
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1245
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Détails: Reciting the Goddess presents the first critical study of the Svasthanivratakatha (SVK), a sixteenth-century Hindu narrative textual tradition. The extensive SVK manuscript tradition offers a rare opportunity to observe the making of a specific, distinct Hindu religious tradition. Jessica Vantine Birkenholtz argues that the SVK serves as a lens through which we can observe the creation of modern 'Hinduism' in the Himalayas, as the text both mirrored and informed key moments in the self-conscious creation of Nepal as the 'world's only Hindu kingdom' in the late medieval and early modern period. Birkenholtz mines the literary historiography that is contained within the SVK text itself, chronicling the text's literary and narrative development as well as the development of the Svasthani goddess tradition. She outlines the process whereby the SVK gradually transformed into a Purana text, and became a critical source for Nepali Hindu belief and identity. She also examines the elusive character of the goddess Svasthani whose identity is tied to the pan-Hindu goddess tradition, and the representation of women in the SVK and the ways in which the text influenced local and regional debates on the ideal of Hindu womanhood. Reciting the Goddess presents Nepal's celebrated SVK as a micro-level illustration of the powerful ways in which people, place, and literature intersect to produce new ideas and concepts of identity and place, even in a historically non-literate culture.


Popular Buddhist Texts from Nepal

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Drawing on textual and anthropological research, this book demonstrates how popular ritual texts and stories have shaped the religion and culture of the on ...

  • L'auteur : Todd T. Lewis
  • Editeur: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 0791492435
  • Genre: Religion
  • Nombre de pages: 236
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1917
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Détails: Drawing on textual and anthropological research, this book demonstrates how popular ritual texts and stories have shaped the religion and culture of the only surviving Mahayana Buddhist society, the Newars of Kathmandu.


Cultural Entrenchment of Hindutva

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The book reflects on the discreet influence of Hindutva in situations/places outside or at the margins of its organisational and mobilisational arena, wher ...

  • L'auteur : Daniela Berti,Nicolas Jaoul,Pralay Kanungo
  • Editeur: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1000083683
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 358
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1234
  • Telecharger: 1234
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Détails: The book reflects on the discreet influence of Hindutva in situations/places outside or at the margins of its organisational and mobilisational arena, where people denying any commitment to the Sangh Parivar, incidentally, show affinities and parallelisms with its discourse and practice. This study looks at Hindutva’s entrenchment not so much as an orchestration from above but more as an outcome of a process that evolves in relation to specific social and cultural milieus. The contributors analyse Hindutva’s entrenchment, emphasising on the ethnography of the forms of mediation and/or convergence produced in certain contexts. The 11 case studies highlight three different dynamics of Hindutva’s cultural entrenchment. The first section gathers cases where RSS-affiliated organisations have set up specific cultural or artistic programmes at the regional level, involving the meditation of local people whose interest in these programmes does not necessarily mean that they endorse the Hindutva agenda completely. The next deals with convergence and refers to cases where the followers gather around a charismatic personality, whose precepts and practice may bring them towards a closer affinity with the Hindutva programme. The last section deals with the contexts of resistance, where social milieus engaged in opposing Hindutva may, in fact, paradoxically, and even inadvertently, imbibe some of its ideas and practices in order to contest its claims.


Siva in Trouble

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The town of Deopatan, three kilometers northeast of Kathmandu, is above all famous for its main sanctum, the temple of Paśupati, the "lord of the animals, ...

  • L'auteur : Axel Michaels
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199711348
  • Genre: Religion
  • Nombre de pages: 285
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 686
  • Telecharger: 686
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Détails: The town of Deopatan, three kilometers northeast of Kathmandu, is above all famous for its main sanctum, the temple of Paśupati, the "lord of the animals," a form of 'Siva and the tutelary deity of the kings of Nepal since ancient times. By its name alone, the temple attracts thousands of pilgrims each year and has made itself known far beyond the Kathamndu Valley. However, for the dominant Newar population the town is by no means merely the seat of 'Siva or Paśupati. It is also a city of wild goddesses and other deities. Due to this tension between two strands of Hinduism -- the pure, vegetarian Smarta Hinduism and the Newar Hinduism which implies alcohol and blood sacrifices -- 'Siva/Paśupati has more than once been in trouble, as the many festivals and rituals descripbed and analyzed in this book reveal. Deopatan is a contested field. Different deities, agents social groups, ritual specialists, and institutions are constantly seeking dominance, challenging and even fighting each other, thus contributing to social and political dynamics and tensions that are indeed distinct in South Asia. It is these aspects on which Axel Michaels concentrates in this book.


Routeing Democracy in the Himalayas

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Historically treated as an amorphous borderland and marginal to the understanding of democratic politics and governance in South Asia, Southeast Asia and n ...

  • L'auteur : Vibha Arora,N. Jayaram
  • Editeur: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1000084353
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 320
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 924
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Détails: Historically treated as an amorphous borderland and marginal to the understanding of democratic politics and governance in South Asia, Southeast Asia and northern Asia, the Himalayan region, in the last 50 years, has become an ‘active political laboratory’ for experiments in democratic structures and institutions. In turn, it has witnessed the evolution of myriad political ideologies, movements and administrative strategies to accommodate and pacify heterogeneous ethnic-national identities. Routeing Democracy in the Himalayas highlights how, through an ongoing process of democratisation, the Western liberal ideologies of democracy and decentralisation have interacted with varied indigenous politico-cultural ideas and institutions of an ethnic-nationally diverse population. It also reviews how formal democracy, regular elections, local self-governing structures, protection of the rights of minorities and indigenes, freedom of expression, development of mass media and formation of ethnic homelands — all have furthered participatory democracy, empowered the traditionally marginalised groups and ensured sustainable development to varying degrees. The book provides ethnographic and historical vistas of democracy under formation, at work, being contested and even being undermined, showing how democratisation thematically stitches the independent Himalayan nations and the Indian Himalayan states into a distinctive regional political mosaic. Combining new perspectives from comparative sociology, political anthropology and development studies, the volume will be useful for policy makers, as well as specialists, researchers and students in sociology, anthropology, area studies, development studies, and Tibet and Himalayan studies.


Retheorizing Religion in Nepal

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Retheorizing Religion in Nepal is an engaging and thought-provoking study of Religion in South Asia, with important insights for the study of religion and ...

  • L'auteur : G. Grieve
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230601472
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 172
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1500
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Détails: Retheorizing Religion in Nepal is an engaging and thought-provoking study of Religion in South Asia, with important insights for the study of religion and culture more broadly conceived. Grieve uses ethnographic material as well as poststructuralist and postcolonialist approaches to critique and expand religious studies as a discipline.


Homa Variations

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Found in many different religious cultures, the practice of making votive offerings into fire dates back to the earliest periods of human history. Througho ...

  • L'auteur : Richard K. Payne,Michael Witzel
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190493763
  • Genre: Religion
  • Nombre de pages: 448
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 485
  • Telecharger: 485
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Détails: Found in many different religious cultures, the practice of making votive offerings into fire dates back to the earliest periods of human history. Throughout the tantric world, this kind of ritual offering practice is known as the homa. With roots in Vedic and Zoroastrian rituals, the tantric homa was formed in early medieval India. Since that time tantric Buddhist practitioners transmitted it to East and Central Asia, and more recently to Europe and the Americas. Today, Hindu forms of the homa are being practiced outside of India as well. Despite this historical and cultural range, the homa retains an identifiable unity of symbolism and ritual form. Homa Variations is the first volume to provide a series of detailed studies of a variety of homa forms. This collection of essays provides an understanding of the history of the homa from its inception up to its use in the present. The book also covers homa practice throughout a wide range of religious cultures, from India and Nepal to Tibet, China, and Japan. The theoretical focus of the collection is the study of ritual change over long periods of time, and across the boundaries of religious cultures. The identifiable unity of the homa allows for an almost unique opportunity to examine ritual change with such a broad perspective.


South Asian Folklore

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With 600 signed, alphabetically organized articles covering the entirety of folklore in South Asia, this new resource includes countries and regions, ethni ...

  • L'auteur : Peter Claus,Sarah Diamond,Margaret Mills
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1000143538
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Nombre de pages: 740
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 743
  • Telecharger: 743
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Détails: With 600 signed, alphabetically organized articles covering the entirety of folklore in South Asia, this new resource includes countries and regions, ethnic groups, religious concepts and practices, artistic genres, holidays and traditions, and many other concepts. A preface introduces the material, while a comprehensive index, cross-references, and black and white illustrations round out the work. The focus on south Asia includes Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, with short survey articles on Tibet, Bhutan, Sikkim, and various diaspora communities. This unique reference will be invaluable for collections serving students, scholars, and the general public.


Encyclopedia of Monasticism

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First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company. ...

  • L'auteur : William M. Johnston
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136787151
  • Genre: Religion
  • Nombre de pages: 2000
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 723
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Détails: First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


Out of the Study and Into the Field

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Outside France, French anthropology is conventionally seen as being dominated by grand theory produced by writers who have done little or no fieldwork them ...

  • L'auteur : Robert Parkin,Anne de Sales
  • Editeur: Berghahn Books
  • ISBN: 1845458435
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 300
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1158
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Détails: Outside France, French anthropology is conventionally seen as being dominated by grand theory produced by writers who have done little or no fieldwork themselves, and who may not even count as anthropologists in terms of the institutional structures of French academia. This applies to figures from Durkheim to Derrida, Mauss to Foucault, though there are partial exceptions, such as Lévi-Strauss and Bourdieu. It has led to a contrast being made, especially perhaps in the Anglo-Saxon world, between French theory relying on rational inference, and British empiricism based on induction and generally skeptical of theory. While there are contrasts between the two traditions, this is essentially a false view. It is this aspect of French anthropology that this collection addresses, in the belief that the neglect of many of these figures outside France is seriously distorting our view of the French tradition of anthropology overall. At the same time, the collection will provide a positive view of the French tradition of ethnography, stressing its combination of technical competence and the sympathies of its practitioners for its various ethnographic subjects.


Early State Economics

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First Published in 2017. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an Informa company. ...

  • L'auteur : Henri Claessen
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351316583
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 336
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1027
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Détails: First Published in 2017. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an Informa company.


Buddhist Women and Social Justice

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Charts various trends in gender studies through an analysis of Igbo society. ...

  • L'auteur : Karma Lekshe Tsomo
  • Editeur: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 0791484270
  • Genre: Religion
  • Nombre de pages: 286
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 989
  • Telecharger: 989
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Détails: Charts various trends in gender studies through an analysis of Igbo society.


Anthropology and Civilizational Analysis

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Brings social and cultural anthropologists into dialogue with historical sociology and illustrates the continued potential of the concept of civilization f ...

  • L'auteur : Johann P. Arnason,Chris Hann
  • Editeur: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 1438469411
  • Genre: Civilization
  • Nombre de pages: 414
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1581
  • Telecharger: 1581
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Détails: Brings social and cultural anthropologists into dialogue with historical sociology and illustrates the continued potential of the concept of civilization for all participants. The concept of civilization has a long but checkered history in anthropology, and anthropological materials have been of great importance for the development of civilizational analysis in historical sociology. Anthropology and Civilizational Analysis brings these diverse fields together and explores a wide range of topics pertaining to civilization, from classical theories to contemporary rhetorical discourses, including detailed case studies of concrete practices documented through archival and ethnographic research. While many scholars and the wider public still think of civilization in simplistic terms, viewing it in terms of Enlightenment notions of progress and evolution to higher stages, others have pluralized the term only to create essentialized units which are only tenuously linked to historical processes. In this book contributors use dynamic approaches, including those rooted in the seminal writings of Émile Durkheim and Marcel Mauss, opening up the dimension of civilization as an important complement to other key terms such as society and culture in social science and historical analysis.


Daughters of Hariti

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Hariti is the ancient Indian goddess of childbirth and women healers, known at one time throughout South and Southeast Asia from India to Nepal and Bali. D ...

  • L'auteur : Santi Rozario,Geoffrey Samuel
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134471343
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 320
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 312
  • Telecharger: 312
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Détails: Hariti is the ancient Indian goddess of childbirth and women healers, known at one time throughout South and Southeast Asia from India to Nepal and Bali. Daughters of Hariti looks at her 'daughters' today, female midwives and healers in many different cultures across the region. It also traces the transformation of childbirth in these cultures under the impact of Western biomedical technology, national and international health policies and the wider factors of social and economic change. The authors ask what can be done to improve the high rates of maternal and infant deaths and illnesses still associated with childbirth in most societies in this area and whether the wholesale replacement of indigenous knowledge by Western biomedical technology is necessarily a good thing.


Langue et religion au Népal

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La présente étude, croisant sciences du langage et ethnologie de terrain, vise à nourrir la réflexion à travers l'exemple des Néwar bouddhistes du N ...

  • L'auteur : Frédéric Moronval
  • Editeur: Editions L\'Harmattan
  • ISBN: 2140093321
  • Genre: Religion
  • Nombre de pages: 494
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1040
  • Telecharger: 1040
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Détails: La présente étude, croisant sciences du langage et ethnologie de terrain, vise à nourrir la réflexion à travers l'exemple des Néwar bouddhistes du Népal. Envahis en 1768 et intégrés de force au Népal moderne, politiquement dominés, les Néwar sont aussi désormais minoritaires sur leur territoire ancestral, la vallée de Kathmandu. Longtemps opprimées, la langue et la religion bouddhiste de ces « migrants immobiles » sauront-elles poursuivre leur trajectoire commune ?


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