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Strategic Disarmament Verification And National Security

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Strategic Disarmament, Verification and National Security

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Originally published in 1977, the purpose of this book was to analyse the relationship between the security of two states mutually undergoing strategic dis ...

  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1000200388
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 186
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1064
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Détails: Originally published in 1977, the purpose of this book was to analyse the relationship between the security of two states mutually undergoing strategic disarmament at the time and the need for safeguarding their security by means of a verification system. The book thus studies some of the basic problems in the disarmament debate, issues that had been the subject of great political controversy. Previous studies had been mainly descriptive or historical, lacking in objective political analysis, and tending to political bias, depending on the political school of the author. There was thus some justification for the statement made by some outstanding authorities in the field that 'to date, no systematic analysis has been attempted to determine what disarmament measures would optimally require of verification methods...' Our ambition is to respond to this criticism, at least so far as the strategic context of disarmament is concerned. Chapter 1 introduces us to the enormous range of repercussions caused by a disarmament agreement. Chapter 2 examines the concept of verification, analysing the meaning of the term, presenting various definitions of what verification is and attempting to systematize the concept. It has been noted on many occasions that the verification set up in a disarmament treaty is only one of a number of factors working towards compliance with a treaty. In fact the role of verification in presenting the treaty, and therefore the security of its participants, is to a large extent limited. However, without many other conditions being satisfied verification on its own can do little to preserve the treaty regime. Chapter 3 discusses these conditions. Chapter 4 gives a brief analysis of the concept of national interests in general, and the concept of national security in particular. Among all the elements of 'security', it is military security that plays by far the largest role. Because of this. Chapter 5 considers a specific case of strategic military security, in which security, defined as stable strategic deterrence between two states, is analysed. Finally, Chapter 6 analyses the question of what happens to security based on strategic deterrence when states enter into the disarmament process. More specifically, the role of verification in preserving security in such circumstances is analysed, thereby answering the main problem of the book. The supporting data for Chapter 6 is given in the Appendix.


Verification

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Since 1957, the Pugwash Conferences have brought together influential scholars and public figures concerned with reducing the danger of nuclear war. Meetin ...

  • L'auteur : Francesco Calogero
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1000009793
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 286
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1077
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Détails: Since 1957, the Pugwash Conferences have brought together influential scholars and public figures concerned with reducing the danger of nuclear war. Meeting in private as individuals, rather than as representatives of their governments or institutions, Pugwash participants exchange views with a combination of candour and flexibility seldom found i


International Cooperation for Enhancing Nuclear Safety, Security, Safeguards and Non-proliferation

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This open access book examines key aspects of international cooperation to enhance nuclear safety, security, safeguards, and nonproliferation, thereby assi ...

  • L'auteur : Luciano Maiani,Raymond Jeanloz,Micah Lowenthal,Wolfango Plastino
  • Editeur: Springer Nature
  • ISBN: 303042913X
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 222
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 366
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Détails: This open access book examines key aspects of international cooperation to enhance nuclear safety, security, safeguards, and nonproliferation, thereby assisting in development and maintenance of the verification regime and fostering progress toward a nuclear weapon-free world. Current challenges are discussed and attempts made to identify possible solutions and future improvements, considering scientific developments that have the potential to increase the effectiveness of implementation of international regimes, particularly in critical areas, technology foresight, and the ongoing evaluation of current capabilities.


Verification

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Originally published in 1985, the level of anxiety and suspicion between the USA and the USSR had rarely been higher. Many advocates of arms control believ ...

  • L'auteur : Allan S. Krass,Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1000200558
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 282
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 619
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Détails: Originally published in 1985, the level of anxiety and suspicion between the USA and the USSR had rarely been higher. Many advocates of arms control believed that effective verification would reduce tensions and lessen the risk of war. This book analyses the two main issues of verification. One is technological: what are the present capabilities of various verification techniques and what is their potential? The devices and methods currently employed by the two major nuclear powers and by international organizations to monitor the compliance of states with arms control or disarmament treaties are examined. The second issue is political: how do US and Soviet approaches compare, what are the roles of domestic and bureaucratic politics, and on what criteria can a workable standard of adequacy be based? In short, how much is enough? Although the study concludes that a number of significant arms control measures can already be adequately verified, modern weapons are becoming more mobile and it is becoming easier to conceal them. There is a danger that the ability to hide weapons will outstrip the ability to find them. Verification cannot promise to detect all violations; a workable standard of adequacy in verification must derive from the ability to detect militarily significant violations.


Nuclear Non-proliferation and Arms Control Verification

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This book strives to take stock of current achievements and existing challenges in nuclear verification, identify the available information and gaps that c ...

  • L'auteur : Irmgard Niemeyer,Mona Dreicer,Gotthard Stein
  • Editeur: Springer Nature
  • ISBN: 3030295370
  • Genre: Law
  • Nombre de pages: 455
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 793
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Détails: This book strives to take stock of current achievements and existing challenges in nuclear verification, identify the available information and gaps that can act as drivers for exploring new approaches to verification strategies and technologies. With the practical application of the systems concept to nuclear disarmament scenarios and other, non-nuclear verification fields, it investigates, where greater transparency and confidence could be achieved in pursuit of new national or international nonproliferation and arms reduction efforts. A final discussion looks at how, in the absence of formal government-to-government negotiations, experts can take practical steps to advance the technical development of these concepts.


Nuclear Safeguards, Security, and Nonproliferation

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Nuclear Safeguards, Security and Nonproliferation: Achieving Security with Technology and Policy, Second Edition is a comprehensive reference covering the ...

  • L'auteur : James Doyle
  • Editeur: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • ISBN: 0128032723
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 480
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1847
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Détails: Nuclear Safeguards, Security and Nonproliferation: Achieving Security with Technology and Policy, Second Edition is a comprehensive reference covering the cutting-edge technologies used to trace, track and safeguard nuclear material. Sections cover security, the illicit trafficking of nuclear materials, improvised nuclear devices, and how to prevent nuclear terrorism. International case studies of security at nuclear facilities and illegal nuclear trade activities provide specific examples of the complex issues surrounding the technology and policy for nuclear material protection, control and accountability. New case studies include analyses of nuclear programs of important countries, such as North Korea, Iran, and Kazakhstan, among others. This is a thoroughly updated, must-have volume for private and public organizations involved in driving national security, domestic and international policy issues relating to nuclear material security, non-proliferation, and nuclear transparency. Covers the continuing efforts to reduce the size of nuclear arsenals Highlights the challenges of verifying nuclear weapons reduction Summarizes issues from the 2015 Nonproliferation Treaty Review Conference Illuminates the evolving status of nonproliferation and safeguards in Iran and DPRK


U.S. nuclear policy in the 21st century a fresh look at national strategy and requirements: final report

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  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: DIANE Publishing
  • ISBN: 9781428981324
  • Genre: ,
  • Nombre de pages: N.A
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 475
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Global Nuclear Disarmament

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This book examines the issue of nuclear disarmament in different strategic, political, and regional contexts. This volume seeks to provide a rich theoretic ...

  • L'auteur : Nik Hynek,Michal Smetana
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317565223
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 314
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1345
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Détails: This book examines the issue of nuclear disarmament in different strategic, political, and regional contexts. This volume seeks to provide a rich theoretical and practical insight to one of the major topics in the field of international security: global abolishment of nuclear weapons. Renewed calls for a nuclear weapons-free world have sparked a wide academic debate on both the attainability of such goal and the steps that should be taken. Comparably less attention, however, has been paid to theoretically informed considerations of the consequences of nuclear abolition. Comprising essays from leading scholars and experts within the field, this collection discusses the fundamental theoretical and conceptual foundations of nuclear disarmament and subsequently tries to assess its hypothetical impact in global and regional contexts. The varied methodological approach of the contributors aims to advance a multi-theoretical and multi-perspectival view of the issue. The book is organized in three main sections: ‘Strategic Perspectives’, dealing with the specific constraints and facilitators for the states to achieve their core objectives; ‘Political Perspectives’, with the focus on the power of norms, belief-systems and ideas; and ‘Regional Perspectives’, with the analyses of seven regional and/or state-specific nuclear contexts. As a whole, the volume provides a detailed, complex overview of the risks and opportunities that are embedded in the vision of a nuclear weapon-free world. This book will be of great interest to students of nuclear proliferation, arms control, war and conflict studies, international relations and security studies.


Disarmament and Economic Development

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  • L'auteur : Richard Anderson Falk,Samuel S. Kim,Saul H. Mendlovitz
  • Editeur: Transaction Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781412821766
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 672
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1982
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Arms Control Agreements

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This book, first published in 1982, provides a well-informed historical overview, insightful analysis and searching critique of arms control agreements and ...

  • L'auteur : Jozef Goldblat
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1000261859
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 342
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 675
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Détails: This book, first published in 1982, provides a well-informed historical overview, insightful analysis and searching critique of arms control agreements and negotiations from the Hague Declaration of 1899 to the SALT Treaties and Conventions of the 1970s and 1980s. Arms control agreements of international importance and historical merit are assessed, for the extent to which each affected the arms race or reduced the likelihood of war.


Verifying Nuclear Disarmament

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Fifty years into the nuclear non-proliferation treaty (NPT) regime, the risks of nuclear war, terrorism, and the threat of further proliferation remain. A ...

  • L'auteur : Thomas E Shea
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351592130
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 220
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 421
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Détails: Fifty years into the nuclear non-proliferation treaty (NPT) regime, the risks of nuclear war, terrorism, and the threat of further proliferation remain. A lack of significant progress towards disarmament will cast doubt upon the viability of the NPT. By recognizing that certain fissile materials are essential to every nuclear weapon and that controlling their usage provides the foundation for international efforts to limit their spread, this book presents a comprehensive framework for nuclear disarmament. Based upon phased reductions, Shea provides a mechanism for the disposal of weapon-origin fissile material and controls on peaceful nuclear activities and non-explosive military uses. He explores the technological means for monitoring and verification, the legal arrangements required to provide an enduring foundation, and a financial structure which will enable progress. This book will be invaluable to professional organizations, arms control NGOs, government officials, scientists, and politicians. It will also appeal to academics and postgraduate researchers working on security studies, disarmament diplomacy and the politics and science of verification.


Rethinking national security

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  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: DIANE Publishing
  • ISBN: 1428993061
  • Genre: ,
  • Nombre de pages: N.A
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 582
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The 2017 Nuclear Ban Treaty

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Rising concern over the increasing threat of nuclear war impelled the 2017 United Nations (UN) negotiations and adoption by 122 UN member states of a Treat ...

  • L'auteur : Joseph A. Camilleri,Michael Hamel-Green,Fumihiko Yoshida
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0429685947
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 284
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1333
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Détails: Rising concern over the increasing threat of nuclear war impelled the 2017 United Nations (UN) negotiations and adoption by 122 UN member states of a Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. The Treaty seeks to ban nuclear weapons globally in the same way chemical and biological weapons have already been prohibited. This book provides the first in-depth comprehensive analysis of the implications and possibilities of the new treaty, drawing on the insights of international relations, international laws, and disarmament experts and specialists from Europe, America, the Asia-Pacific, and the UN. In a context where existing nuclear weapon states have so far declined to be party to the new treaty, the book examines not only its emergence and significance but also the prospects and possibilities for its implementation, the challenges associated with verifying the new agreement, the role of both civil society and governments, and the treaty’s wider implications in addressing regional and global nuclear threats. This book was originally published as a special issue of Global Change, Peace & Security but additionally includes the special section articles on the treaty in the Journal for Peace and Nuclear Disarmament.


The EU and the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

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Much of the literature on the emerging role of the EU as a non-proliferation actor has only a minimal engagement with theory. This collection aims to recti ...

  • L'auteur : S. Blavoukos,D. Bourantonis,C. Portela
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137378441
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 264
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1083
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Détails: Much of the literature on the emerging role of the EU as a non-proliferation actor has only a minimal engagement with theory. This collection aims to rectify this by placing the role of the EU in the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons within an analytical framework inspired by emerging literature on the performance of international organisations.


South Asian Security and International Nuclear Order

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Mario Carranza studies in depth the linkages between Indo-Pakistani nuclear relations and the International Nuclear Order. He critically analyzes the de fa ...

  • L'auteur : Mario Esteban Carranza
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317052277
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 214
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1560
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Détails: Mario Carranza studies in depth the linkages between Indo-Pakistani nuclear relations and the International Nuclear Order. He critically analyzes the de facto recognition by the United States of India and Pakistan as nuclear weapon states and looks at the impact of that recognition on the International Nuclear Order and its linchpin, the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). The book provides a critical analysis of the New International Nuclear Order sponsored by the United States after the September 11 terrorist attacks and the place of India and Pakistan in that order. The author considers the survival of India and Pakistan in relation to a strategy of nuclear deterrence and debates the possibility of establishing a robust nuclear arms control regime in South Asia as part of a broader effort to revive global nuclear arms control and disarmament negotiations.


Arms in the '80s

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In the 1980s the world spent an enormous amount on preparations for war. Year by year, more and more resources went into the military sector. More and more ...

  • L'auteur : John Turner,Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1000199169
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 126
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 705
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Détails: In the 1980s the world spent an enormous amount on preparations for war. Year by year, more and more resources went into the military sector. More and more complex weapon systems were devised. At the time, of all research scientists and engineers in the world, more than one in four was working for the military. Throughout the 40 years since the end of World War II, the technological arms race continued. Then began moving faster. The United States lead the way, followed by the Soviet Union. Between them, they possessed some 50 000 nuclear warheads—more than enough to destroy the world. They planned to increase the number, to make the weapons more accurate, and to base them on new weapon platforms closer to the borders of the other side. Some people preferred not to think about these things. Many, however, were becoming increasingly concerned—wondering about the future for themselves and for their children. Originally published in 1985, this book was for those who wanted to know what was happening. What new missiles were being built? What was happening in outer space? What are the facts about chemical weapons? What progress was being made (if any) in Geneva, Vienna and Stockholm, where the powers were negotiating on these matters?


Dangers of Deterrence

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Europe has everything to lose from nuclear war, and nothing to gain from it. Yet it is nuclear deterrence that we are relying on to shield us from war. Mor ...

  • L'auteur : Nigel Blake,Kay Pole
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1000199010
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 190
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 857
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Détails: Europe has everything to lose from nuclear war, and nothing to gain from it. Yet it is nuclear deterrence that we are relying on to shield us from war. More and more people are coming to believe that security under a nuclear shield is an illusion, and that nuclear deterrence embodies a dangerous paradox. It is too close to provocation, it cannot prevent nuclear blackmail, and its short-term success can only lead to proliferation and ultimate instability. In this book, originally published in 1983, philosophers go behind the rhetoric of the nuclear debate and analyse the dangers of deterrence. The contributors all share a concern about the radical confusions that have arisen concerning nuclear deterrence. Showing how unilateral arguments can be developed from hard-headed political and military considerations, they stress their belief that carefully managed unilateralism is the best method for securing the political independence of Western Europe. The doctrine is not founded on sheer moral idealism. This book will be essential reading for anyone engaged in the public discussion of defence policy.


The Challenge of Abolishing Nuclear Weapons

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In the more than sixty years since the advent of nuclear weapons, there has been little meaningful progress toward nuclear disarmament. Some countries have ...

  • L'auteur : David Krieger
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351485415
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 301
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 302
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Détails: In the more than sixty years since the advent of nuclear weapons, there has been little meaningful progress toward nuclear disarmament. Some countries have nuclear weapons, while other states are forbidden to acquire them, a status quo that lacks rational basis and cannot be sustained. In this remarkable collection, scholars and policy analysts argue that humankind has a choice: either allow nuclear weapons to continue to proliferate throughout the world or move toward their complete elimination.The vast majority of people on the planet would surely opt to abolish nuclear weapons. But decisions about nuclear weapons are not made by the public, but by small groups of political elites. Consequently, in a world with nuclear weapons, the fate of humanity rests in the hands of a small number of individuals, whose perceptions, communications, and judgment determine whether there is to be a future.The contributors to this volume provide historical perspective on nuclear weapons policy; explore the role of international law in furthering the prospects of nuclear weapons abolition; consider the obstacles to abolition; present a path to achieving a nuclear weapons-free world; and look beyond abolition to consider issues of post-abolition sovereignty and general and complete disarmament. The goal of a nuclear weapons-free world can be awakened by an engaged citizenry bringing pressure from below in demanding action from political leaders. This book contributes to this awakening and engagement.


A Guide to International Disarmament Law

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Disarmament is integral to the safeguarding and promotion of security, development, and human rights. Hundreds of millions of dollars are spent each year o ...

  • L'auteur : Stuart Casey-Maslen,Tobias Vestner
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1351108093
  • Genre: Law
  • Nombre de pages: 252
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1460
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Détails: Disarmament is integral to the safeguarding and promotion of security, development, and human rights. Hundreds of millions of dollars are spent each year on disarmament operations, yet no comprehensive guide exists to explain clearly the international rules governing disarmament. This book seeks to fill that gap. It describes the international legal rules that govern disarmament and the operational, political, and technical considerations that govern their implementation. This book aims to support compliance, implementation, and further development of international disarmament law. Traditionally, disarmament focused on weapons of mass destruction. This remains a critically important area of work. In recent decades, the scope of disarmament has broadened to encompass also conventional weapons, including through the adoption of rules and regulations to govern arms transfers and measures to eliminate specific munitions from stockpiles and to destroy explosive remnants of war. There have also been four "generations" of programmes to address small arms and light weapons at national or sub-national level through disarmament, demobilisation, and reintegration (DDR) programmes during and following the end of armed conflict. While an internationally accepted definition of disarmament does not yet exist, it is widely agreed that disarmament encompasses or interrelates with prohibitions and restrictions on the development, production, stockpiling, testing, and transfer of weapons and on their destruction. In addition to clarifying these elements, chapters of this guide will also consider the relationship between disarmament and the law of armed conflict, and with the United Nations Security Council, human security, public health, and non-state actors.


Australia and Nuclear War

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‘I pray that words spoken at this conference may carry beyond walls and reach thousands of ears hitherto deaf to warnings of the final catastrophe.’ So ...

  • L'auteur : Michael Denborough
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1000199134
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 276
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1119
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Détails: ‘I pray that words spoken at this conference may carry beyond walls and reach thousands of ears hitherto deaf to warnings of the final catastrophe.’ So said Patrick White in June 1983 at an important symposium organised by the Australian National University to examine the whole issue of nuclear war and its implications for Australia. Many prominent Australians – including H. C. Coombs, Senator Susan Ryan, leading academics and medics – attended the conference along with distinguished experts from overseas, and mingled and talked with many representatives of Australian peace movements. In two intense and emotional days they discussed many different aspects of the crisis that threatens the world, from the latest scientific thinking on possible effects on the atmosphere to the increasingly important role of the women’s peace movement and the efforts of ordinary people around the world to stop the nuclear arms race. Originally published in 1983, this book presents the upshot of these deliberations, including unforgettable illustrations of some of the consequences of nuclear war. The book does not pretend to provide the answers, nor does it take any political viewpoint. It does present the authoritative opinions of some of the world’s leading minds on the extent of the threat that faces Australia alongside powerful statements from committed men and women from around the world – opinions that will inform and disturb all thinking Australians.