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Telecharger Technical Issues In The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Ctbt Ratification Debate Pdf

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Technical Issues Related to the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

Telecharger pdf Technical Issues Related to the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

Drawing upon the considerable existing body of technical material related to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, the National Academy of Sciences reviewed a ...

  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 9780309182935
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Nombre de pages: 102
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1646
  • Telecharger: 1646
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Détails: Drawing upon the considerable existing body of technical material related to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, the National Academy of Sciences reviewed and assessed the key technical issues that arose during the Senate debate over treaty ratification. In particular, these include: (1) the capacity of the United States to maintain confidence in the safety and reliability of its nuclear stockpile in the absence of nuclear testing; (2) the nuclear-test detection capabilities of the international monitoring system (with and without augmentation by national systems and instrumentation in use for scientific purposes, and taking into account the possibilities for decoupling nuclear explosions from surrounding geologic media); and (3) the additions to their nuclear-weapons capabilities that other countries could achieve through nuclear testing at yield levels that might escape detection, and the effect of such additions on the security of the United States.


International Cooperation for Enhancing Nuclear Safety, Security, Safeguards and Non-proliferation–60 Years of IAEA and EURATOM

Telecharger pdf International Cooperation for Enhancing Nuclear Safety, Security, Safeguards and Non-proliferation–60 Years of IAEA and EURATOM

This open access book examines key aspects of international cooperation to enhance nuclear safety, security, safeguards, and non-proliferation, thereby ass ...

  • L'auteur : Luciano Maiani,Said Abousahl,Wolfango Plastino
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 3662573660
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 220
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 471
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Détails: This open access book examines key aspects of international cooperation to enhance nuclear safety, security, safeguards, and non-proliferation, thereby assisting in development and maintenance of the verification regime and fostering progress toward a nuclear weapon-free world. The book opens by addressing important political, institutional, and legal dimensions. Current challenges are discussed and attempts made to identify possible solutions and future improvements. Subsequent sections consider scientific developments that have the potential to increase the effectiveness of implementation of international regimes, particularly in critical areas, technology foresight, and the ongoing evaluation of current capabilities. The closing sections examine scientific and technical challenges and discuss the role of international cooperation and actions of the scientific community in leading the world toward peace and security. The book – which celebrates 60 years of IAEA Atoms for Peace and Development and the EURATOM Treaty – comprises contributions presented at the XX Edoardo Amaldi Conference, where eminent scientists, diplomats, and policymakers were able to compare national perspectives and update international collaborations.


Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Background and Current Developments

Telecharger pdf Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Background and Current Developments

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  • L'auteur : Jonathan Medalia
  • Editeur: DIANE Publishing
  • ISBN: 1437927467
  • Genre: ,
  • Nombre de pages: 70
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1267
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Verifying Treaty Compliance

Telecharger pdf Verifying Treaty Compliance

This book presents an interdisciplinary collection of expert analyses and views of existing verification systems. It provides guidelines and advice for the ...

  • L'auteur : Rudolf Avenhaus,Nicholas Kyriakopoulos,Michel Richard,Gotthard Stein
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3540338543
  • Genre: Law
  • Nombre de pages: 629
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1426
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Détails: This book presents an interdisciplinary collection of expert analyses and views of existing verification systems. It provides guidelines and advice for the improvement of those systems as well as for new challenges in the field.


North Korea's 2009 Nuclear Test

Telecharger pdf North Korea's 2009 Nuclear Test

On May 25, 2009, North Korea announced that it had conducted its second underground nuclear test. Unlike its first test, in 2006, there is no public record ...

  • L'auteur : Jonathan Medalia
  • Editeur: DIANE Publishing
  • ISBN: 1437932517
  • Genre: ,
  • Nombre de pages: 34
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1487
  • Telecharger: 1487
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Détails: On May 25, 2009, North Korea announced that it had conducted its second underground nuclear test. Unlike its first test, in 2006, there is no public record that the second one released radioactive materials indicative of a nuclear explosion. How could North Korea have contained these materials from the May 2009 event and what are the implications? Contents of this report: (1) Background; (2) The North Korean Nuclear Tests: The 2006 Test; The 2009 Test; (3) Monitoring and Containing Nuclear Tests: Monitoring, Verification, Intelligence; (4) Potential Value of Containment for North Korea; (5) Issues for Congress: Implications for the CTBT; Improving Monitoring and Verification Capability; Improve the Capability of Monitoring Systems. Illus.


Monitoring a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Telecharger pdf Monitoring a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

An international treaty banning the testing of any nuclear device in any environment - a comprehensive test ban treaty (CTBT) - has been on the political a ...

  • L'auteur : Eystein S. Husebye,Anton M. Dainty
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401104190
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 836
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 569
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Détails: An international treaty banning the testing of any nuclear device in any environment - a comprehensive test ban treaty (CTBT) - has been on the political agenda for nearly 40 years. Objections to a CTBT have been political, technical, or a combination of both. However, the possibilities seem better after the end of the Cold War. In the prevailing, cooperative disarmament climate a CTBT appears likely to be approved by most countries in 1996. Hence the great current interest in monitoring technologies and capabilities. Such issues are comprehensively addressed here, a preamble being devoted to the political developments and setbacks over the past 40 years. Since seismic means are considered the dominant monitoring element, they are explored in detail. Contributions cover network deployments, advanced signal processing, wave propagation in heterogeneous media, and seismic source representations, and a variety of techniques for source classification (including neural networks). Complementary monitoring techniques, such as hydroacoustics, radionuclides and infrasound, are also summarised. The IAEA operation for monitoring compliance with the Non-Proliferation Treaty is also presented. The book also includes eyewitness accounts of the Soviet 50 Mt megabomb development and test, as well as the efforts made by the state to monitor the nuclear test programmes of the western powers. Includes some 33 articles written by distinguished scientists active in CTBT monitoring research for decades.


Research Required to Support Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Monitoring

Telecharger pdf Research Required to Support Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Monitoring

On September 24, 1996, President Clinton signed the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty at the United Nations Headquarters. Over the next five months, 14 ...

  • L'auteur : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Panel on Basic Research Requirements in Support of Comprehensive Test Ban Monitoring
  • Editeur: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 9780309174503
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 150
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1508
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Détails: On September 24, 1996, President Clinton signed the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty at the United Nations Headquarters. Over the next five months, 141 nations, including the four other nuclear weapon states -- Russia, China, France, and the United Kingdom -- added their signatures to this total ban on nuclear explosions. To help achieve verification of compliance with its provisions, the treaty specifies an extensive International Monitoring System of seismic, hydroacoustic, infrasonic, and radionuclide sensors. This volume identifies specific research activities that will be needed if the United States is to effectively monitor compliance with the treaty provisions.


United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 2015. Part II

Telecharger pdf United Nations Disarmament Yearbook 2015. Part II

The United Nations Disarmament Yearbook, volume 40 (Part II): 2015, with a foreword by the High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, summarizes developm ...

  • L'auteur : United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs
  • Editeur: United Nations
  • ISBN: 9210583221
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 330
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1012
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Détails: The United Nations Disarmament Yearbook, volume 40 (Part II): 2015, with a foreword by the High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, summarizes developments and trends in 2015 on key issues of multilateral consideration at the international and regional levels; reviews the activity of the General Assembly, the Conference on Disarmament and the Disarmament Commission; and contains a handy timeline of highlights of multilateral disarmament in 2015.


Assessment of Inertial Confinement Fusion Targets

Telecharger pdf Assessment of Inertial Confinement Fusion Targets

In the fall of 2010, the Office of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Secretary for Science asked for a National Research Council (NRC) committee to i ...

  • L'auteur : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Panel on the Assessment of Inertial Confinement Fusion Targets
  • Editeur: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 0309270707
  • Genre: Science
  • Nombre de pages: 118
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1589
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Détails: In the fall of 2010, the Office of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Secretary for Science asked for a National Research Council (NRC) committee to investigate the prospects for generating power using inertial confinement fusion (ICF) concepts, acknowledging that a key test of viability for this concept-ignition -could be demonstrated at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in the relatively near term. The committee was asked to provide an unclassified report. However, DOE indicated that to fully assess this topic, the committee's deliberations would have to be informed by the results of some classified experiments and information, particularly in the area of ICF targets and nonproliferation. Thus, the Panel on the Assessment of Inertial Confinement Fusion Targets ("the panel") was assembled, composed of experts able to access the needed information. The panel was charged with advising the Committee on the Prospects for Inertial Confinement Fusion Energy Systems on these issues, both by internal discussion and by this unclassified report. A Panel on Fusion Target Physics ("the panel") will serve as a technical resource to the Committee on Inertial Confinement Energy Systems ("the Committee") and will prepare a report that describes the R&D challenges to providing suitable targets, on the basis of parameters established and provided to the Panel by the Committee. The Panel on Fusion Target Physics will prepare a report that will assess the current performance of fusion targets associated with various ICF concepts in order to understand: 1. The spectrum output; 2. The illumination geometry; 3. The high-gain geometry; and 4. The robustness of the target design. The panel addressed the potential impacts of the use and development of current concepts for Inertial Fusion Energy on the proliferation of nuclear weapons information and technology, as appropriate. The Panel examined technology options, but does not provide recommendations specific to any currently operating or proposed ICF facility.


Big Bets and Black Swans 2014

Telecharger pdf Big Bets and Black Swans 2014

President Obama has just three years left in office to define his legacy in world affairs. He's facing a number of critical challenges—the ongoing war in ...

  • L'auteur : Ted Piccone,Steven Pifer,Thomas Wright
  • Editeur: Brookings Institution Press
  • ISBN: 0815726066
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 87
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 800
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Détails: President Obama has just three years left in office to define his legacy in world affairs. He's facing a number of critical challenges—the ongoing war in Syria, the Iran nuclear negotiations, an enigmatic North Korea and other significant crises in world affairs. The president's advisors are busy devising policy recommendations aimed at grappling with these thorny issues. From these, the president must decide which priorities to pursue and how to best exercise U.S. power and influence to manage and shape the global order. This book presents a set of policy analysis and recommendations from The Foreign Policy scholars at the Brookings Institution. Designed to provide the White House with innovative and actionable policy initiatives, the book is constructed as a series of memos to President Obama. This year, the memos are divided into five categories: • Big Bets are issues where the president should consider investing his power, time and prestige in major efforts that can have a transformational impact on America and the world. • Double Downs are derived from the Big Bets from last year's recommendations that the president should redouble his efforts on. • Black Swans are those low-probability but high-impact events that can divert the president and his administration's higher purposes, such as dramatic negative events that he will want to take steps in advance to avoid or to mitigate their consequences. • Nightmares are events that look more likely than a Black Swan and could prove particularly troublesome for U.S. interests and the global order, and for which the administration should prepare. • Holds are updated policy recommendations to stay the course on approaches suggested last year.


The Los Alamos Primer

Telecharger pdf The Los Alamos Primer

More than seventy years ago, American forces exploded the first atomic bombs over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, causing great physical and ...

  • L'auteur : Robert Serber
  • Editeur: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 0520374339
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 176
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1050
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Détails: More than seventy years ago, American forces exploded the first atomic bombs over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, causing great physical and human destruction. The young scientists at Los Alamos who developed the bombs, which were nicknamed Little Boy and Fat Man, were introduced to the basic principles and goals of the project in March 1943, at a crash course in new weapons technology. The lecturer was physicist Robert Serber, J. Robert Oppenheimer’s protégé, and the scientists learned that their job was to design and build the world’s first atomic bombs. Notes on Serber’s lectures were gathered into a mimeographed document titled TheLos Alamos Primer, which was supplied to all incoming scientific staff. The Primer remained classified for decades after the war. Published for the first time in 1992, the Primer offers contemporary readers a better understanding of the origins of nuclear weapons. Serber’s preface vividly conveys the mingled excitement, uncertainty, and intensity felt by the Manhattan Project scientists. This edition includes an updated introduction by Pulitzer Prize–winning historian Richard Rhodes. A seminal publication on a turning point in human history, The Los Alamos Primer reveals just how much was known and how terrifyingly much was unknown midway through the Manhattan Project. No other seminar anywhere has had greater historical consequences.