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The Arabs at War in Afghanistan

Telecharger pdf The Arabs at War in Afghanistan

A former senior mujahidin figure and an ex-counter-terrorism analyst cooperating to write a book on the history and legacy of Arab-Afghan fighters in Afgha ...

  • L'auteur : ,
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 1849045941
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 176
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 887
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Détails: A former senior mujahidin figure and an ex-counter-terrorism analyst cooperating to write a book on the history and legacy of Arab-Afghan fighters in Afghanistan is a remarkable and improbable undertaking. Yet this is what Mustafa Hamid, aka Abu Walid al-Masri, and Leah Farrall have achieved with the publication of their ground-breaking work. The result of thousands of hours of discussions over several years, The Arabs at War in Afghanistan offers significant new insights into the history of many of today's militant Salafi groups and movements. By revealing the real origins of the Taliban and al-Qaeda and the jostling among the various jihadi groups, this account not only challenges conventional wisdom, but also raises uncomfortable questions as to how events from this important period have been so badly misconstrued.


The Arabs at War in Afghanistan

Telecharger pdf The Arabs at War in Afghanistan

A former senior mujahidin figure and an ex-counter-terrorism analyst cooperating to write a book on the history and legacy of Arab-Afghan fighters in Afgha ...

  • L'auteur : Mustafa Hamid,Leah Farrall
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 1849045941
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 176
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 574
  • Telecharger: 574
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Détails: A former senior mujahidin figure and an ex-counter-terrorism analyst cooperating to write a book on the history and legacy of Arab-Afghan fighters in Afghanistan is a remarkable and improbable undertaking. Yet this is what Mustafa Hamid, aka Abu Walid al-Masri, and Leah Farrall have achieved with the publication of their ground-breaking work. The result of thousands of hours of discussions over several years, The Arabs at War in Afghanistan offers significant new insights into the history of many of today's militant Salafi groups and movements. By revealing the real origins of the Taliban and al-Qaeda and the jostling among the various jihadi groups, this account not only challenges conventional wisdom, but also raises uncomfortable questions as to how events from this important period have been so badly misconstrued.


Caravan of Martyrs

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What compels a person to strap a vest loaded with explosives onto his body and blow himself up in a crowded street? Scholars have answered this question by ...

  • L'auteur : David B. Edwards
  • Editeur: Univ of California Press
  • ISBN: 0520967828
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 380
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1096
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Détails: What compels a person to strap a vest loaded with explosives onto his body and blow himself up in a crowded street? Scholars have answered this question by focusing on the pathology of the “terrorist mind” or the “brainwashing” practices of terrorist organizations. In Caravan of Martyrs, David Edwards argues that we need to understand the rise of suicide bombing in relation to the cultural beliefs and ritual practices associated with sacrifice. Before the war in Afghanistan began, the sacrificial killing of a sheep demonstrated a tribe’s desire for peace. After the Soviet invasion of 1979, as thousands of people were killed, sacrifice took on new meanings. The dead were venerated as martyrs, but this informal conferral of status on the casualties of war soon became the foundation for a cult of martyrs exploited by political leaders for their own advantage. This first repurposing of the machinery of sacrifice set in motion a process of mutation that would lead nineteen Arabs who had received their training in Afghanistan to hijack airplanes on September 11 and that would in time transform what began as a cult of martyrs created by a small group of Afghan jihadis into the transnational scattering of suicide bombers that haunts our world today. Drawing on years of research in the region, Edwards traces the transformation of sacrifice using a wide range of sources, including the early poetry of jihad, illustrated martyr magazines, school primers and legal handbooks, martyr hagiographies, videos produced by suicide bombers, the manual of ritual instructions used by the 9/11 hijackers, and Facebook posts through which contemporary “Talifans” promote the virtues of self-destruction.


The Afghanistan Wars

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A whole generation has grown up in Afghanistan knowing little but the ravages of war. The dramatic overthrow of the Taliban regime in 2001 was simply one e ...

  • L'auteur : William Maley
  • Editeur: Macmillan International Higher Education
  • ISBN: 1137013613
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 288
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1023
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Détails: A whole generation has grown up in Afghanistan knowing little but the ravages of war. The dramatic overthrow of the Taliban regime in 2001 was simply one event in a series of interrelated struggles which have blighted ordinary people's lives over the last three decades, and which continue to interfere with reconciliation and reconstruction. This new edition of The Afghanistan Wars provides a meticulously-documented history of these successive waves of conflict. It explores in detail: • the roots of Afghanistan's slide into disorder in the late 1970s • how the Soviet Union came to the rescue of unworthy clients and was then sucked into a quagmire • the frightening consequences of state breakdown and self-interested meddling by Afghanistan's neighbours in the period after communist rule collapsed • the rise and fall of the Taliban regime. Thoroughly revised in the light of the latest research, the second edition also features a new final chapter which examines post-Taliban Afghanistan, bringing the story up to the present day and mounting a strong case for continuing support for this troubled country.


I Am Malala

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A MEMOIR BY THE YOUNGEST RECIPIENT OF THE NOBEL PEACE PRIZE As seen on Netflix with David Letterman "I come from a country that was created at midnight. Wh ...

  • L'auteur : Malala Yousafzai
  • Editeur: Little, Brown
  • ISBN: 0316322415
  • Genre: Biography & Autobiography
  • Nombre de pages: 336
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1734
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Détails: A MEMOIR BY THE YOUNGEST RECIPIENT OF THE NOBEL PEACE PRIZE As seen on Netflix with David Letterman "I come from a country that was created at midnight. When I almost died it was just after midday." When the Taliban took control of the Swat Valley in Pakistan, one girl spoke out. Malala Yousafzai refused to be silenced and fought for her right to an education. On Tuesday, October 9, 2012, when she was fifteen, she almost paid the ultimate price. She was shot in the head at point-blank range while riding the bus home from school, and few expected her to survive. Instead, Malala's miraculous recovery has taken her on an extraordinary journey from a remote valley in northern Pakistan to the halls of the United Nations in New York. At sixteen, she became a global symbol of peaceful protest and the youngest nominee ever for the Nobel Peace Prize. I AM MALALA is the remarkable tale of a family uprooted by global terrorism, of the fight for girls' education, of a father who, himself a school owner, championed and encouraged his daughter to write and attend school, and of brave parents who have a fierce love for their daughter in a society that prizes sons. I AM MALALA will make you believe in the power of one person's voice to inspire change in the world.


An Enemy We Created

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To this day, the belief is widespread that the Taliban and al-Qaeda are synonymous, that their ideology and objectives are closely intertwined, and that th ...

  • L'auteur : Alex Strick van Linschoten,Felix Kuehn
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199977232
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 560
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 946
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Détails: To this day, the belief is widespread that the Taliban and al-Qaeda are synonymous, that their ideology and objectives are closely intertwined, and that they have made common cause against the West for decades. In An Enemy We Created, Alex Strick van Linschoten and Felix Kuehn debunk this myth and reveal the much more complex reality that lies beneath it. Drawing upon their unprecedented fieldwork in Afghanistan, as well as their Arabic, Dari, and Pashtu skills, the authors show that the West's present entanglement in Afghanistan is predicated on the false assumption that defeating the Taliban will forestall further terrorist attacks worldwide. While immersing themselves in Kandahar society, the authors interviewed Taliban decision-makers, field commanders, and ordinary fighters, thoroughly exploring the complexity of the relationship between the Taliban and al-Qaeda and the individuals who established both groups. They show that from the mid-1990s onward, the Taliban and al-Qaeda diverged far more often than they converged. They also argue that this split creates an opportunity to engage the Taliban on two fundamental issues: renouncing al-Qaeda and guaranteeing that Afghanistan will not be a sanctuary for international terrorists. Yet the insurgency is changing, and it could soon be too late to find a political solution. The authors contend that certain aspects of the campaign in Afghanistan, especially night raids, the killings of innocent civilians, and attempts to fragment and decapitate the Taliban are having the unintended consequence of energizing the resistance, creating more opportunities for al-Qaeda, and helping it to attain its objectives. The first book to fully untangle the myths from the realities in the relationship between the Taliban and al-Qaeda, An Enemy We Created is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand what's really happening in Afghanistan.


Feeling Betrayed

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Though it has been nearly a decade since the attacks of September 11, the threat of terrorism emanating from the Muslim world has not subsided. U.S. troops ...

  • L'auteur : Steven Kull
  • Editeur: Brookings Institution Press
  • ISBN: 9780815705604
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 275
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1183
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Détails: Though it has been nearly a decade since the attacks of September 11, the threat of terrorism emanating from the Muslim world has not subsided. U.S. troops fight against radical Islamists overseas, and on a daily basis, Americans pass through body scanners as part of the effort to defend against another attack. Naturally, many Americans wonder what is occurring in Muslim society that breeds such hostility toward the United States. Steven Kull, a political psychologist and acknowledged authority on international public opinion, has sought to understand more deeply how Muslims see America. How widespread is hostility toward the United States in the Muslim world? And what are its roots? How much support is there for radical groups that attack Americans, and why? Kull conducted focus groups with representative samples in Egypt, Morocco, Pakistan, Jordan, Iran, and Indonesia; conducted numerous in-depth surveys in eleven majority-Muslim nations over a period of several years; and comprehensively analyzed data from other organizations such as Gallup, World Values Survey and the Arab Barometer. He writes: "A premise of this book is that the problem of terrorism does not simply lie in the small number of people who join terrorist organizations. Rather, the existence of terrorist organizations is a symptom of a tension in the larger society that finds a particularly virulent expression in certain individuals. The hostility toward the United States in the broader society plays a critical role in sustaining terrorist groups, even if most disapprove of those groups' tactics. The essential 'problem,' then, is one of America's relationship with the society as a whole." Through quotes from focus groups as well as survey data, Kull digs below the surface of Muslim anger at America to reveal the underlying narrative of America as oppressing— and at a deeper level, as having betrayed—the Muslim people. With the subtlety of a psychologist he shows how this anger is fed by an "inner clash of civilizations," between Muslims' desire to connect with America and all that it represents, and their fear that America will overwhelm and destroy their traditional Islamic culture. Finally, Kull maps out the implications of these findings for U.S. foreign policy, showing how many U.S. actions antagonize the larger Muslim population and help al Qaeda by improving their capacity for recruitment. He specifies steps that can mitigate Muslim hostility and draw on some of the underlying shared values that can support more respectful and, possibly, even amicable Muslim-American relations.


The Travels of Ibn Battuta

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An engrossing account of a 1326 pilgrimage to Mecca provides vivid details of Morocco, Russia, India, China, and elsewhere. "The ultimate in real life adve ...

  • L'auteur : Ibn Battuta
  • Editeur: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 0486123049
  • Genre: Travel
  • Nombre de pages: 272
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1494
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Détails: An engrossing account of a 1326 pilgrimage to Mecca provides vivid details of Morocco, Russia, India, China, and elsewhere. "The ultimate in real life adventure stories." — History in Review.


Avoiding Armageddon

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India and Pakistan will be among the most important countries in the twenty-first century. In Avoiding Armageddon, Bruce Riedel clearly explains the challe ...

  • L'auteur : Bruce Riedel
  • Editeur: Brookings Institution Press
  • ISBN: 0815724098
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 230
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 623
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Détails: India and Pakistan will be among the most important countries in the twenty-first century. In Avoiding Armageddon, Bruce Riedel clearly explains the challenge and the importance of successfully managing America's affairs with these two emerging powers and their toxic relationship. Born from the British Raj, the two nations share a common heritage, but they are different in many important ways. India is already the world's largest democracy and will soon become the planet's most populous nation. Pakistan, soon to be the fifth most populous country, has a troubled history of military coups, dictators, and harboring terrorists such as Osama bin Laden. The longtime rivals are nuclear powers, with tested weapons. They have fought four wars with each other and have gone to the brink of war several times. Meanwhile, U.S. presidents since Franklin Roosevelt have been increasingly involved in the region's affairs. In the past two decades alone, the White House has intervened several times to prevent nuclear confrontation on the subcontinent. South Asia clearly is critical to American national security, and the volatile relationship between India and Pakistan is the crucial factor determining whether the region can ever be safe and stable. Based on extensive research and Riedel's role in advising four U.S. presidents on the region, Avoiding Armageddon reviews the history of American diplomacy in South Asia, the crises that have flared in recent years, and the prospects for future crisis. Riedel provides an in-depth look at the Mumbai terrorist attack in 2008, the worst terrorist outrage since 9/11, and he concludes with authoritative analysis on what the future is likely to hold for America and the South Asia puzzle as well as recommendations on how Washington should proceed.


World Report 2021

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The best country-by-country assessment of human rights. The human rights records of more than ninety countries and territories are put into perspective in ...

  • L'auteur : Human Rights Watch
  • Editeur: Seven Stories Press
  • ISBN: 1644210290
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 684
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1268
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Détails: The best country-by-country assessment of human rights. The human rights records of more than ninety countries and territories are put into perspective in Human Rights Watch's signature yearly report. Reflecting extensive investigative work undertaken by Human Rights Watch staff, in close partnership with domestic human rights activists, the annual World Report is an invaluable resource for journalists, diplomats, and citizens, and is a must-read for anyone interested in the fight to protect human rights in every corner of the globe.


A Thousand Splendid Suns

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After more than two years on the bestseller lists and over four million copies in print, Khaled Hosseini returns with a beautiful, riveting, and haunting n ...

  • L'auteur : Khaled Hosseini
  • Editeur: Penguin Canada
  • ISBN: 0143180657
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Nombre de pages: 400
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1998
  • Telecharger: 1998
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Détails: After more than two years on the bestseller lists and over four million copies in print, Khaled Hosseini returns with a beautiful, riveting, and haunting novel of enormous contemporary relevance. A Thousand Splendid Suns is a breathtaking story set against the volatile events of Afghanistan’s last thirty years—from the Soviet invasion to the reign of the Taliban to post-Taliban rebuilding—that puts the violence, fear, hope, and faith of this country in intimate, human terms. It is a tale of two generations of characters brought jarringly together by the tragic sweep of war, where personal lives—the struggle to survive, raise a family, find happiness—are inextricable from the history playing out around them. Propelled by the same storytelling instinct that made The Kite Runner a beloved classic, A Thousand Splendid Suns is at once a remarkable chronicle of three decades of Afghan history and a deeply moving account of family and friendship. It is a striking, heart-wrenching novel of an unforgiving time, an unlikely friendship, and an indestructible love—a stunning accomplishment.


The Iraq Effect

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Regardless of its outcome, the Iraq War has had a transformative effect on the Middle East. To equip U.S. policymakers to better manage the war's long-term ...

  • L'auteur : Frederic Wehrey,Dalia Dassa Kaye,Jessica Watkins,Jeffrey Martini,Robert A. Guffey
  • Editeur: Rand Corporation
  • ISBN: 0833048066
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 216
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1567
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Détails: Regardless of its outcome, the Iraq War has had a transformative effect on the Middle East. To equip U.S. policymakers to better manage the war's long-term consequences, the authors analyzed its effects on the regional balance of power, local perceptions of U.S. credibility, the domestic stability of neighboring states, and trends in terrorism after conducting extensive interviews in the region and drawing from an array of local media sources.


Assessing the War on Terror

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This volume is a collection of articles that critically examine the efficacy, ethics, and impact of the War on Terror as it has evolved since 9/11. During ...

  • L'auteur : Charles Webel,Mark Tomass
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1315469154
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 308
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1279
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Détails: This volume is a collection of articles that critically examine the efficacy, ethics, and impact of the War on Terror as it has evolved since 9/11. During the decade and a half of the Global War on Terror (GWOT), numerous books have considered the political, psychosocial, and economic impacts of terrorism. However, there has been little systematic effort to examine the effectiveness of the GWOT in achieving its goals. Furthermore, there is virtually nothing that presents a comparative analysis of the GWOT by the people most directly affected by it—citizens and scholars from conflict zones in the Middle East. There is, therefore, great need for a book that analyzes the strategies, tactics, and outcomes of the GWOT and that also presents facts and ideas that are missing or underrepresented in the dominant public narratives. The contributions in this volume were chosen to specifically address this need. In doing so, it uniquely provides not only Western perspectives of the GWOT, but also importantly includes perspectives from the Middle East and those most directly affected by it, including contributions from scholars and policy makers. Overall, the contributions demonstrate how views differ based on geographical location, and how views have changed during the course of the still-evolving War on Terror. The book will be of much interest to students and scholars of terrorism and counter-terrorism, foreign policy, Middle Eastern politics, security studies and IR, as well as policy makers.


The Grand Chessboard

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Bestselling author and eminent foreign policy scholar Zbigniew Brzezinski's classic book on American's strategic mission in the modern world. In The Grand ...

  • L'auteur : Zbigniew Brzezinski
  • Editeur: Basic Books
  • ISBN: 0465093086
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 256
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1530
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Détails: Bestselling author and eminent foreign policy scholar Zbigniew Brzezinski's classic book on American's strategic mission in the modern world. In The Grand Chessboard, renowned geostrategist Zbigniew Brzezinski delivers a brutally honest and provocative vision for American preeminence in the twenty-first century. The task facing the United States, he argues, is to become the sole political arbiter in Eurasian lands and to prevent the emergence of any rival power threatening our material and diplomatic interests. The Eurasian landmass, home to the greatest part of the globe's population, natural resources, and economic activity, is the "grand chessboard" on which America's supremacy will be ratified and challenged in the years to come. In this landmark work of public policy and political science, Brzezinski outlines a groundbreaking and powerful blueprint for America's vital interests in the modern world. In this revised edition, Brzezinski addresses recent global developments including the war in Ukraine, the re-emergence of Russia, and the rise of China.


Ungoverned Territories

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Using a two-tiered framework areas applied to eight case studies from around the globe, the authors of this ground-breaking work seek to understand the con ...

  • L'auteur : Angel Rabasa,Steven Boraz,Peter Chalk,Kim Cragin,Theodore W. Karasik
  • Editeur: Rand Corporation
  • ISBN: 0833042653
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 396
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1146
  • Telecharger: 1146
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Détails: Using a two-tiered framework areas applied to eight case studies from around the globe, the authors of this ground-breaking work seek to understand the conditions that give rise to ungoverned territories and make them conducive to a terrorist or insurgent presence. They also develop strategies to improve the U.S. ability to mitigate their effects on U.S. security interests.


The Regional Dimensions to Security

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This book provides a comprehensive assessment of the perspective and approaches to Afghan security taken by the states bordering and in close proximity to ...

  • L'auteur : Aglaya Snetkov
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137330058
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 287
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 592
  • Telecharger: 592
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Détails: This book provides a comprehensive assessment of the perspective and approaches to Afghan security taken by the states bordering and in close proximity to Afghanistan, and the transnational dynamics that interconnect these states with Afghanistan and one another.


Terrorist Movements and the Recruitment of Arab Foreign Fighters

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This book offers the first detailed, in-depth account of how and why some Arab foreign fighters subsequently became involved in Islamist terrorism. Drawing ...

  • L'auteur : Roger Warren
  • Editeur: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1786736217
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 272
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 598
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Détails: This book offers the first detailed, in-depth account of how and why some Arab foreign fighters subsequently became involved in Islamist terrorism. Drawing on a personal dataset of 3,010 Arab foreign fighters compiled using biographies, martyrdom eulogies, and postings on 'jihadi' websites, Terrorist Movements and the Recruitment of Arab Foreign Fighters suggests that the subsequent involvement in Islamist terrorism by some Arab foreign fighters is primarily forged in the crucible of defensive jihad.


The Abu Dhabi Bar Mitzvah: Fear and Love in the Modern Middle East

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Chronically questioning, funny, and bold, a young American explores the majority-Muslim lands that scare him most. Armed only with college Arabic and restl ...

  • L'auteur : Adam Valen Levinson
  • Editeur: W. W. Norton & Company
  • ISBN: 0393608379
  • Genre: Travel
  • Nombre de pages: 320
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 506
  • Telecharger: 506
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Détails: Chronically questioning, funny, and bold, a young American explores the majority-Muslim lands that scare him most. Armed only with college Arabic and restless curiosity, Adam Valen Levinson sets out to “learn about the world 9/11 made us fear.” From a base in globalized and sterilized Abu Dhabi, he sets out to lunch in Taliban territory in Afghanistan, travels under the watchful eye of Syria’s secret police, risks shipwreck en route to Somalia, investigates Yazidi beliefs in a sacred cave, cliff dives in Oman, celebrates New Year’s Eve in Tahrir Square, and, at every turn, discovers a place that matches not at all with its reputation. Valen Levinson crosses borders with wisecracking humor, erudition, and humanity, seeking common ground with “bros” everywhere, and finding that people who pray differently often laugh the same. And as a young man bar mitzvahed eight years late, he slowly learns how childish it is to live by decisions and distinctions born of fear.


Jahrbuch Terrorismus 2015/2016

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Der siebente Band des Standardwerks der Terrorismusforschung befasst sich insbesondere mit dem veränderten Erscheinungsbild des Phänomens „Terrorismus ...

  • L'auteur : Stefan Hansen,Joachim Krause
  • Editeur: Verlag Barbara Budrich
  • ISBN: 3847408925
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 425
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 891
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Détails: Der siebente Band des Standardwerks der Terrorismusforschung befasst sich insbesondere mit dem veränderten Erscheinungsbild des Phänomens „Terrorismus“ seit der Bildung des sog. „Islamischen Staates“ und seines Bruchs mit al-Qaida. Dazu werden die unterschiedlichen Akteure des Konflikts in Syrien und dem Irak untersucht und profunde Analysen von ausgewiesenen Experten zum wieder entfachten Konflikt mit der PKK in der Türkei, zum islamistisch motivierten Terrorismus im Jemen, in Libyen wie auch in Ostafrika und dem Tschadseebecken vorgelegt. Des Weiteren werden der zunehmende Rechtsradikalismus in Europa und das „Lone-Wolf“-Phänomen in diesem Spektrum sowie ein potenzieller Einsatz von biologischen Massenvernichtungswaffen durch Terroristen thematisiert. Der Band behandelt zudem die erweiterte Möglichkeit des Einsatzes der Bundeswehr im Rahmen der Terrorismusabwehr im Inland wie auch den Begriff des „hybriden Terrorismus“. Darüber hinaus wird der Frage des „Sieges“ im Vernetzen Ansatz nachgegangen sowie das Konzept des Salafismus untersucht.


The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

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Designed for general readers with little or no knowledge of Islam, this superb Oxford Dictionary provides more than 2,000 vividly written, up-to-date, and ...

  • L'auteur : John L. Esposito
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199757267
  • Genre: Religion
  • Nombre de pages: 384
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1279
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Détails: Designed for general readers with little or no knowledge of Islam, this superb Oxford Dictionary provides more than 2,000 vividly written, up-to-date, and authoritative entries organized in an easy-to-use, A-to-Z format. The Dictionary focuses primarily on the 19th and 20th centuries, stressing topics of most interest to Westerners. What emerges is a highly informative look at the religious, political, and social spheres of the modern Islamic world. Naturally, readers will find many entries on topics of intense current interest, such as terrorism and the Taliban, Osama bin Laden and al-Qaida, the PLO and HAMAS. But the coverage goes well beyond recent headlines. There are biographical profiles, ranging from Naguib Mahfouz (the Nobel Prize winner from Egypt) to Malcolm X, including political leaders, influential thinkers, poets, scientists, and writers. Other entries cover major political movements, militant groups, and religious sects as well as terms from Islamic law, culture, and religion, key historical events, and important landmarks (such as Mecca and Medina). A series of entries looks at Islam in individual nations, such as Afghanistan, the West Bank and Gaza, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the United States, and there are discussions of Islamic views on such issues as abortion, birth control, the Internet, the Rushdie Affair, and the theory of evolution. Whether we are listening to the evening news, browsing through the op-ed pages, or reading a book on current events, references to Muslims and the Islamic world appear at every turn. The Oxford Dictionary of Islam offers a wealth of information for anyone curious about this burgeoning and increasingly important world religion.