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THE SOCIAL CONTRACT

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This eBook edition of \"The Social Contract\" has been formatted to the highest digital standards and adjusted for readability on all devices. The Social C ...

  • L'auteur :
  • Editeur: e-artnow
  • ISBN: 8027243181
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 198
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1838
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Détails: This eBook edition of "The Social Contract" has been formatted to the highest digital standards and adjusted for readability on all devices. The Social Contract, originally published as On the Social Contract; or, Principles of Political Rights by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, is a 1762 book in which Rousseau theorized about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society, which he had already identified in his Discourse on Inequality (1754). The Social Contract helped inspire political reforms or revolutions in Europe, especially in France. The Social Contract argued against the idea that monarchs were divinely empowered to legislate. Rousseau asserts that only the people, who are sovereign, have that all-powerful right.


The Social Contract from Hobbes to Rawls

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First published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company. ...

  • L'auteur : David Boucher,Paul Kelly
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134839685
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 288
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1621
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Détails: First published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


What We Owe Each Other

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From one of the leading policy experts of our time, an urgent rethinking of how we can better support each other to thrive Whether we realize it or not, al ...

  • L'auteur : Minouche Shafik
  • Editeur: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 0691220271
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Nombre de pages: 256
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1270
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Détails: From one of the leading policy experts of our time, an urgent rethinking of how we can better support each other to thrive Whether we realize it or not, all of us participate in the social contract every day through mutual obligations among our family, community, place of work, and fellow citizens. Caring for others, paying taxes, and benefiting from public services define the social contract that supports and binds us together as a society. Today, however, our social contract has been broken by changing gender roles, technology, new models of work, aging, and the perils of climate change. Minouche Shafik takes us through stages of life we all experience—raising children, getting educated, falling ill, working, growing old—and shows how a reordering of our societies is possible. Drawing on evidence and examples from around the world, she shows how every country can provide citizens with the basics to have a decent life and be able to contribute to society. But we owe each other more than this. A more generous and inclusive society would also share more risks collectively and ask everyone to contribute for as long as they can so that everyone can fulfill their potential. What We Owe Each Other identifies the key elements of a better social contract that recognizes our interdependencies, supports and invests more in each other, and expects more of individuals in return. Powerful, hopeful, and thought-provoking, What We Owe Each Other provides practical solutions to current challenges and demonstrates how we can build a better society—together.


The Social Contract

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The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau is a 1762 book about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial ...

  • L'auteur : Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Editeur: Strelbytskyy Multimedia Publishing
  • ISBN:
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Nombre de pages: N.A
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1340
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Détails: The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau is a 1762 book about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society, which he had already identified in his Discourse on Inequality. The Social Contract argued against the idea that monarchs were divinely empowered to legislate. Rousseau asserts that only the people, who are sovereign, have that all-powerful right. Social contract theory is the view that persons' moral and/or political obligations are dependent upon a contract or agreement among them to form the society in which they live. After Hobbes, John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau are the best known proponents of this enormously influential theory, which has been one of the most dominant theories within moral and political theory throughout the history of the modern West.


The Social Contract & Emile

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The Social Contract, originally published as On the Social Contract; or, Principles of Political Rights, is a book in which Rousseau theorized about the be ...

  • L'auteur : Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Editeur: e-artnow
  • ISBN: 802689300X
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 699
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 871
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Détails: The Social Contract, originally published as On the Social Contract; or, Principles of Political Rights, is a book in which Rousseau theorized about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society, which he had already identified in his Discourse on Inequality (1754). The Social Contract helped inspire political reforms or revolutions in Europe, especially in France. The Social Contract argued against the idea that monarchs were divinely empowered to legislate. Rousseau asserts that only the people, who are sovereign, have that all-powerful right. Emile, or On Education is a treatise on the nature of education and on the nature of man. Jean-Jacques Rousseau considered it to be the "best and most important" of all his writings. Due to a section of the book entitled "Profession of Faith of the Savoyard Vicar", Emile was banned in Paris and Geneva and was publicly burned in 1762, the year of its first publication. During the French Revolution, Emile served as the inspiration for what became a new national system of education.


Leviathan

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Written by one of the founders of modern political philosophy, Thomas Hobbes, during the English civil war, Leviathan is an influential work of nonfiction. ...

  • L'auteur : Thomas Hobbes
  • Editeur: Graphic Arts Books
  • ISBN: 1513279394
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 552
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 931
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Détails: Written by one of the founders of modern political philosophy, Thomas Hobbes, during the English civil war, Leviathan is an influential work of nonfiction. Regarded as one of the earliest examples of the social contract theory, Leviathan has both historical and philosophical importance. Social contract theory prioritizes the state over the individual, claiming that individuals have consented to the surrender of some of their freedoms by participating in society. These surrendered freedoms help ensure that the government can be run easily. In exchange for their sacrifice, the individual is protected and given a place in a steady social order. Articulating this theory, Hobbes argues for a strong, undivided government ruled by an absolute sovereign. To support his argument, Hobbes includes topics of religion, human nature and taxation. Separated into four sections, Hobbes claims his theory to be the resolution of the civil war that raged on as he wrote, creating chaos and taking causalities. The first section, Of Man discusses the role human nature and instinct plays in the formation of government. The second section, Of Commonwealth explains the definition, implications, types, and rules of succession in a commonwealth government. Of a Christian Commonwealth imagines the religion’s role government and societal moral standards. Finally, Hobbes closes his argument with Of the Kingdom of Darkness. Through the use of philosophical theory and historical study, Thomas Hobbes attempts to convince citizens to consider the cost and reward of being governed. Without an understanding of the sociopolitical theories that keep government bodies in power, subjects can easily become complicit or allow society to slip into anarchy. Created during a brutal civil war, Hobbes hoped to educate and persuade his peers. Though Leviathan was a work of controversy in its time, Hobbes’ theories and prose has survived centuries, shaping the ideas of modern philosophy. This edition of Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes is now presented with a stunning new cover design and is printed in an easy-to-read font. With these accommodations, Leviathan is accessible and applicable to contemporary readers.


Discourse on the Origin of Inequality

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Rousseau first exposes in Discourse on the Origin of Inequality his conception of a human state of nature, presented as a philosophical fiction and of huma ...

  • L'auteur : Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Editeur: e-artnow
  • ISBN: 8026885015
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 63
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1824
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Détails: Rousseau first exposes in Discourse on the Origin of Inequality his conception of a human state of nature, presented as a philosophical fiction and of human perfectibility, an early idea of progress. He then explains the way, according to him, people may have established civil society, which leads him to present private property as the original source and basis of all inequality. Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 – 1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century, mainly active in France. His political philosophy influenced the Enlightenment across Europe, as well as aspects of the French Revolution and the overall development of modern political and educational thought.


Discourse on Political Economy and The Social Contract

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ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volum ...

  • L'auteur : Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Editeur: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191611158
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 256
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 372
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Détails: ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.


Controlling Corruption

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This book presents a radically new approach of how societies can bring corruption under control. Since the late 1990s, the detrimental effects of corruptio ...

  • L'auteur : Bo Rothstein
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0192647938
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 232
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1729
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Détails: This book presents a radically new approach of how societies can bring corruption under control. Since the late 1990s, the detrimental effects of corruption to human well-being have become well established in research. This has resulted in a stark increase in anti-corruption programs launched by international organizations such as the World Bank, the African Union, the EU, as well as many national development organizations. Despite these efforts, evaluations of the effects of these anti-corruption programs have been disappointing. As it can be measured, it is difficult to find substantial effects from such anti-corruption programs. The argument in this book is that this huge policy failure can be explained by three factors. Firstly, it argues that the corruption problem has been poorly conceptualized since what should count as the opposite of corruption has been left out. Secondly, the problem has been located in the wrong social spaces. It is neither a cultural nor a legal problem. Instead, it is for the most part located in what organization theory defines as the 'standard operating procedures' in social organizations. Thirdly, the general theory that has dominated anti-corruption efforts — the principal-agent theory — is based on serious misspecification of the basic nature of the problem. The book presents a reconceptualization of corruption and a new theory — drawing on the tradition of the social contract - to explain it and motivate policies of how to get corruption under control. Several empirical cases serve to underpin this new theory ranging from the historical organization of religious practices to specific social policies, universal education, gender equality, and auditing. Combined, these amount to a strategic theory known as 'the indirect approach'.


Democratic Justice and the Social Contract

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This book offers a theory of democratic justice. According to the theory, justice emerges from collective agreement among political associates who enjoy ap ...

  • L'auteur : Albert Weale
  • Editeur: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191507555
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 328
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 590
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Détails: This book offers a theory of democratic justice. According to the theory, justice emerges from collective agreement among political associates who enjoy approximate equality of power. Such situations can be seen as social contracts, and we find an empirical model for social contracts in the examples of successful common property resource regimes. In these regimes, participants craft collective rules of access to the means of production on an equal basis and producers are entitled to the full fruits of their labour. To interpret this theoretically an account of practical rationality in terms of individual and public deliberation is required. In tracing the move from small scale to large scale societies, three important transformations become apparent: in political institutions; in the economy; and in the functions of the household. All are relevant to the understanding of justice. In great societies representative parties making policy and law in shifting coalitions in parliaments elected by proportional representation exemplify political equality and so instance one form of democratic justice. In the economy corporate hierarchies modify the full fruits principles, not always in the direction of justice. Redistribution is justified as a means of smoothing income across the life-cycle, rather than by appeal to economies of scale or a simple principle of need. The sense of democratic justice requires commitment to the maintenance of those institutions that protect common interests, whilst acknowledging where there are differences of interest. This sense of democratic justice needs to be upheld by effective governance.


A Theory of Justice

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Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls's view, so much of the extensive literature on R ...

  • L'auteur : John RAWLS
  • Editeur: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674042603
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 623
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1836
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Détails: Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls's view, so much of the extensive literature on Rawls's theory refers to the first edition. This reissue makes the first edition once again available for scholars and serious students of Rawls's work.


Politics of Romanticism

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The Politics of Romanticism examines the relationship between two major traditions which have not been considered in conjunction: British Romanticism and s ...

  • L'auteur : Zoe Beenstock
  • Editeur: Edinburgh University Press
  • ISBN: 1474410235
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Nombre de pages: 256
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1244
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Détails: The Politics of Romanticism examines the relationship between two major traditions which have not been considered in conjunction: British Romanticism and social contract philosophy. She argues that an emerging political vocabulary was translated into a literary vocabulary in social contract theory, which shaped the literature of Romantic Britain, as well as German Idealism, the philosophical tradition through which Romanticism is more usually understood. Beenstock locates the Romantic movement's coherence in contract theory's definitive dilemma: the critical disruption of the individual and the social collective. By looking at the intersection of the social contract, Scottish Enlightenment philosophy, and canonical works of Romanticism and its political culture, her book provides an alternative to the model of retreat which has dominated accounts of Romanticism of the last century.


Social Contract Theory for a Diverse World

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Very diverse societies pose real problems for Rawlsian models of public reason. This is for two reasons: first, public reason is unable accommodate diverse ...

  • L'auteur : Ryan Muldoon
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134793618
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 142
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1007
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Détails: Very diverse societies pose real problems for Rawlsian models of public reason. This is for two reasons: first, public reason is unable accommodate diverse perspectives in determining a regulative ideal. Second, regulative ideals are unable to respond to social change. While models based on public reason focus on the justification of principles, this book suggests that we need to orient our normative theories more toward discovery and experimentation. The book develops a unique approach to social contract theory that focuses on diverse perspectives. It offers a new moral stance that author Ryan Muldoon calls, "The View From Everywhere," which allows for substantive, fundamental moral disagreement. This stance is used to develop a bargaining model in which agents can cooperate despite seeing different perspectives. Rather than arguing for an ideal contract or particular principles of justice, Muldoon outlines a procedure for iterated revisions to the rules of a social contract. It expands Mill's conception of experiments in living to help form a foundational principle for social contract theory. By embracing this kind of experimentation, we move away from a conception of justice as an end state, and toward a conception of justice as a trajectory. Listen to Robert Talisse interview Ryan Muldoon about Social Contract Theory for a Diverse World on the podcast, New Books in Philosophy: http://tinyurl.com/j9oq324 Also, read Ryan Muldoon’s related Niskanen Center article, "Diversity and Disagreement are the Solution, Not the Problem," published Jan. 10, 2017: https://niskanencenter.org/blog/diversity-disagreement-solution-not-problem/


The Social Contract of the Firm

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In order to survive as a social institution a firm needs a constitutional social contract, even though implicit, among its stakeholders. This social contra ...

  • L'auteur : Lorenzo Sacconi
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642573002
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Nombre de pages: 229
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 488
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Détails: In order to survive as a social institution a firm needs a constitutional social contract, even though implicit, among its stakeholders. This social contract must exist if an institution is to be justified. The book focuses on two main issues: To find out the terms of the hypothetical agreement among the firm's stakeholders in an ex ante perspective and to understand the endogenous mechanism generating appropriate incentives that induce to comply with the social contract itself, as seen in the ex post perspective.


SUMMARY - The Social Contract By Jean Jacques Rousseau

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* Our summary is short, simple and pragmatic. It allows you to have the essential ideas of a big book in less than 30 minutes. By reading this summary, you ...

  • L'auteur : Shortcut Edition
  • Editeur: Shortcut Edition
  • ISBN:
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Nombre de pages: 35
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1278
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Détails: * Our summary is short, simple and pragmatic. It allows you to have the essential ideas of a big book in less than 30 minutes. By reading this summary, you will discover what legitimizes political power in a republic. You will also discover : that freedom and equality go hand in hand; how the republic aims at the common good; that the social contract is the act by which a people becomes a people; that the government's only function is to satisfy the people; that popular sovereignty is inalienable, indivisible and limited. In the second half of the 18th century, Europe was still struggling with absolutist regimes. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, philosopher, encyclopedist and friend of Diderot, imagines a society and public institutions where everyone would be free and secure. In 1762, he published The Social Contract or Principles of Political Law: the work instantly became a classic. Both adored and censured, this work formulated the principle of popular sovereignty and served as a model for the draft constitutions of several countries. Will you be able to build a just and legitimate state? *Buy now the summary of this book for the modest price of a cup of coffee!


Justice and the Social Contract

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Samuel Freeman was a student of the influential philosopher John Rawls, he has edited numerous books dedicated to Rawls' work and is arguably Rawls' foremo ...

  • L'auteur : Samuel Freeman
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199725063
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 352
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1718
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Détails: Samuel Freeman was a student of the influential philosopher John Rawls, he has edited numerous books dedicated to Rawls' work and is arguably Rawls' foremost interpreter. This volume collects new and previously published articles by Freeman on Rawls. Among other things, Freeman places Rawls within historical context in the social contract tradition, and thoughtfully addresses criticisms of this position. Not only is Freeman a leading authority on Rawls, but he is an excellent thinker in his own right, and these articles will be useful to a wide range of scholars interested in Rawls and the expanse of his influence.


Copyright, Property and the Social Contract

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This book provides international perspectives on the law of copyright in relation to three core themes - copyright and developing countries; the government ...

  • L'auteur : John Gilchrist,Brian Fitzgerald
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 3319956906
  • Genre: Law
  • Nombre de pages: 288
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 843
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Détails: This book provides international perspectives on the law of copyright in relation to three core themes - copyright and developing countries; the government and copyright; and technology and the future of copyright. The third theme includes an examination of the extent to which technology will dictate the development of the law, and a re-examination of the role of copyright in fostering innovation and creativity. As a critique, one chapter discusses how certain rights can create or reinforce social inequality under copyright royalty systems. Underlying these themes is the role the law of copyright has in encouraging or impeding human flourishing.


Modern Social Contract Theory

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Modern Social Contract Theory provides an exposition and evaluation of major work in social contract theory from 1950 to the present. It locates the centra ...

  • L'auteur : Albert Weale
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0192594982
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 480
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1790
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Détails: Modern Social Contract Theory provides an exposition and evaluation of major work in social contract theory from 1950 to the present. It locates the central themes of that theory in the intellectual legacy of utilitarianism, particularly the problems of defining principles of justice and of showing the grounds of moral obligation. It demonstrates how theorists responded in a novel way to the dilemmas articulated in utilitarianism, developing in their different approaches a constructivist method in ethics, a method that aimed to vindicate a liberal, democratic and just political order. A distinctive feature of the book is its comparative approach. By placing the works of Barry, Buchanan and Tullock, Harsanyi, Gauthier, Grice, Rawls, and Scanlon alongside one another, similarities and differences are brought out, most notably in the way in which principles are derived by each author from the contractual construction as well as the extent to which the obligation to adopt those principles can be rationally grounded. Each theory is placed in its particular intellectual context. Special attention is paid to the contrasting theories of rationality adopted by the different authors, whether that be utility theory or a deliberative conception of rationality, with the intention of assessing how far the principles advanced can be justified by reference to the hypothetical choices of rational contracting agents. The book concludes with a discussion of some principal objections to the enterprise of contract theory, and offers its own programme for the future of that theory taking the form of the empirical method.


Remaking the Urban Social Contract

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This new volume draws from provocative discussions on the urban social contract among policy makers, researchers, public intellectuals, and citizens at the ...

  • L'auteur : Michael A. Pagano
  • Editeur: University of Illinois Press
  • ISBN: 0252099133
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 216
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1112
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Détails: This new volume draws from provocative discussions on the urban social contract among policy makers, researchers, public intellectuals, and citizens at the 2015 UIC Urban Forum. Michael A. Pagano presents papers that emphasize political agreements, disagreements, challenges, and controversies on health, energy, and environmental policies. Authors explore the substantive and philosophical changes in the urban social contract and offer proposals for remaking it in the new century. Topics range from big-picture analyses to specifics covering areas like public services, the smart cities movement, and greening strategies. Contributors: Alba Alexander, Megan Houston, Dennis R. Judd, Cynthia Klein-Banai, William C. Kling, Howard A. Learner, David A. McDonald, David C. Perry, Emily Stiehl, Anthony Townsend, Natalia Villamizar-Duarte, and Moira Zellner.


On the Social Contract

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A milestone of political science, Rousseau's 1762 work argues that all government is fundamentally flawed and that modern society is rife with inequality. ...

  • L'auteur : Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Editeur: Courier Corporation
  • ISBN: 0486111806
  • Genre: Literary Collections
  • Nombre de pages: 112
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1142
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Détails: A milestone of political science, Rousseau's 1762 work argues that all government is fundamentally flawed and that modern society is rife with inequality. He proposes an alternative system for the development of self-governing, self-disciplined citizens.


Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Rousseau and the Social Contract

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Rousseau's Social Contract is a benchmark in political philosophy and has influenced moral and political thought since its publication. Rousseau and the So ...

  • L'auteur : Christopher Bertram
  • Editeur: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134633955
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 224
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1703
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Détails: Rousseau's Social Contract is a benchmark in political philosophy and has influenced moral and political thought since its publication. Rousseau and the Social Contract introduces and assesses: *Rousseau's life and the background of the Social Contract *The ideas and arguments of the Social Contract *Rousseau's continuing importance to politics and philosophy Rousseau and the Social Contract will be essential reading for all students of philosophy and politics, and anyone coming to Rousseau for the first time.


A Discourse on Inequality

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A fascinating examination of the relationship between civilization and inequality from one of history’s greatest minds The first man to erect a fence aro ...

  • L'auteur : Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Editeur: Open Road Media
  • ISBN: 150403547X
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 80
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 900
  • Telecharger: 900
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Détails: A fascinating examination of the relationship between civilization and inequality from one of history’s greatest minds The first man to erect a fence around a piece of land and declare it his own founded civil society—and doomed mankind to millennia of war and famine. The dawn of modern civilization, argues Jean-Jacques Rousseau in this essential treatise on human nature, was also the beginning of inequality. One of the great thinkers of the Enlightenment, Rousseau based his work in compassion for his fellow man. The great crime of despotism, he believed, was the raising of the cruel above the weak. In this landmark text, he spells out the antidote for man’s ills: a compassionate revolution to pull up the fences and restore the balance of mankind. This ebook has been professionally proofread to ensure accuracy and readability on all devices.


Rousseau's Theory of Freedom

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau has a claim to be ranked above even Karl Marx as the political philosopher who has most influenced everyday life. His much-read philo ...

  • L'auteur : Matthew Simpson
  • Editeur: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 1847143199
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 144
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1824
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Détails: Jean-Jacques Rousseau has a claim to be ranked above even Karl Marx as the political philosopher who has most influenced everyday life. His much-read philosophy of education alone would qualify him for a high place, but his political theory is even more important: decisions affecting millions of people were made based on the reading of certain lines of the Social Contract. Yet while politicians and scholars have studied this book for 250 years, almost no agreement exists on how to interpret its central concept: freedom. Rousseau's theory of freedom has led him to be called everything from the greatest prophet of individual liberty to the designer of the first totalitarian state. This book offers a new, unifying interpretation of the theory of freedom in the Social Contract. Simpson gives a careful analysis of Rousseau's theory of the social pact, and then examines the kinds of freedom that it brings about, showing how Rousseau's individualist and collectivist aspects fit into a larger and logically coherent theory of human liberty. Simpson's book not only helps us to understand one of the pre-eminent political minds of the 18th century, but also brings us into closer conversation with those he influenced, who have done so much to shape our world. And in light of the interest in contemporary contractualist philosophers like Rawls, Scanlon, and Gauthier, readers will find it worthwhile to return to the thinker who offers one of the most radical, profound, and insightful theories of the social contract ever devised.


Social Contract

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In Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Discourses on the Origin of Inequality, he outlines his own history of the development of human society. He explains in general ...

  • L'auteur : Jean Jacques Rousseau
  • Editeur: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 1451602227
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 128
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 778
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Détails: In Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Discourses on the Origin of Inequality, he outlines his own history of the development of human society. He explains in general terms how the differences between social and economic classes arose alongside the formation of modern states. He also explores the means by which these inequalities were actually built into and perpetuated by the foundational notions of modern society and government. Rather than endorse a return to the peaceful ways of pre-modern human beings, Rousseau addresses these inequalities in his seminal work, The Social Contract. Rousseau does not see government as an inherently corrupting influence, and he makes very clear and precise recommendations about how the state can and should protect the equality and character of its citizens.


The Oxford Handbook of Political Philosophy

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Even though political philosophy has a long tradition, it is much more than the study of old and great treatises. Contemporary philosophers continue to pre ...

  • L'auteur : David Estlund
  • Editeur: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199704058
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 456
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1577
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Détails: Even though political philosophy has a long tradition, it is much more than the study of old and great treatises. Contemporary philosophers continue to press new arguments on old and timeless questions, but also to propose departures and innovations. The field changes over time, and new work inevitably responds both to events in the world and to the directions of thought itself. This volume includes 22 new pieces by leaders in the field on both perennial and emerging topics of keen interest to contemporary political philosophers. In addition to longstanding issues such as Authority, Equality, and Freedom, and Democracy, there are articles on less classical topics such as Race, Historical Injustice, Deliberation, Money and Politics, Global Justice, and Ideal and Non-Ideal Theory. All of the pieces combine clarity and accessibility with a top scholar's critical and original point of view. The introductory essay briefly situates this snapshot of the state of the art in a broader view of developments in political philosophy in the last 40 years, and looks forward to future developments. Students and scholars alike will find the pieces to be valuable not only surveys but as provocations to think further about the questions, puzzles, and practical problems that animate recent work in political philosophy. The issues will be of interest to many working in philosophy, political science, law, economics, and more.


Of The Social Contract and Other Political Writings

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'Man was born free, and everywhere he is in chains.' These are the famous opening words of a treatise that has stirred vigorous debate ever since its first ...

  • L'auteur : Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Editeur: Penguin UK
  • ISBN: 014193199X
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 400
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1326
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Détails: 'Man was born free, and everywhere he is in chains.' These are the famous opening words of a treatise that has stirred vigorous debate ever since its first publication in 1762. Rejecting the view that anyone has a natural right to wield authority over others, Rousseau argues instead for a pact, or 'social contract', that should exist between all the citizens of a state and that should be the source of sovereign power. From this fundamental premise, he goes on to consider issues of liberty and law, freedom and justice, arriving at a view of society that has seemed to some a blueprint for totalitarianism, to others a declaration of democratic principles. Translated by Quintin Hoare With a new introduction by Christopher Bertram


Discourse on Inequality & The Social Contract

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In "Discourse on Inequality" or "Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men" Rousseau first exposes in this work his conception of a human s ...

  • L'auteur : Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Editeur: e-artnow
  • ISBN: 802724319X
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 350
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 337
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Détails: In "Discourse on Inequality" or "Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men" Rousseau first exposes in this work his conception of a human state of nature, presented as a philosophical fiction (like a work by Thomas Hobbes, unlike those by John Locke), and of human perfectibility, an early idea of progress. He then explains the way, according to him, people may have established civil society, which leads him to present private property as the original source and basis of all inequality. "The Social Contract", originally published as On the Social Contract; or, Principles of Political Rights by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, is a 1762 book in which Rousseau theorized about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society, which he had already identified in his Discourse on Inequality (1754). The Social Contract helped inspire political reforms or revolutions in Europe, especially in France. The Social Contract argued against the idea that monarchs were divinely empowered to legislate. Rousseau asserts that only the people, who are sovereign, have that all-powerful right. Contents: The Social Contract Discourse on the Origin of Inequality Discourse on the Arts and Sciences A Discourse on Political Economy


Confessions & The Social Contract

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This carefully crafted ebook: "Confessions & The Social Contract" is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents. "Confessi ...

  • L'auteur : Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Editeur: e-artnow
  • ISBN: 8026892992
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 767
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1822
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Détails: This carefully crafted ebook: "Confessions & The Social Contract" is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents. "Confessions" is an autobiographical book which covers the first fifty-three years of Rousseau's life, up to 1765. It was completed in 1769, but not published until 1782, four years after Rousseau's death, even though Rousseau did read excerpts of his manuscript publicly at various salons and other meeting places. He wrote of his own life mainly in terms of his worldly experiences and personal feelings. In "The Social Contract" Rousseau theorized about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society, which he had already identified in his Discourse on Inequality (1754). The Social Contract helped inspire political reforms or revolutions in Europe, especially in France. The Social Contract argued against the idea that monarchs were divinely empowered to legislate. Rousseau asserts that only the people, who are sovereign, have that all-powerful right.


The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Book Analysis)

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Unlock the more straightforward side of The Social Contract with this concise and insightful summary and analysis! This engaging summary presents an analys ...

  • L'auteur : Bright Summaries
  • Editeur: BrightSummaries.com
  • ISBN: 2806287928
  • Genre: Study Aids
  • Nombre de pages: 40
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 440
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Détails: Unlock the more straightforward side of The Social Contract with this concise and insightful summary and analysis! This engaging summary presents an analysis of The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, a political treatise containing the author’s reflections on the conditions necessary for liberty within civil societies. He emphasises the importance of the collective will and acting in the collective interest, which can be accomplished through a social contract. The Social Contract was considered highly subversive when it was first published and provided inspiration to political revolutionaries throughout Europe. Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a Swiss-born writer, philosopher and political theorist. He was one of the most influential thinkers of the Age of Enlightenment in the 18th century, and his writings play an essential role in modern political and social thought. Find out everything you need to know about The Social Contract in a fraction of the time! This in-depth and informative reading guide brings you: • A complete plot summary • Character studies • Key themes and symbols • Questions for further reflection Why choose BrightSummaries.com? Available in print and digital format, our publications are designed to accompany you in your reading journey. The clear and concise style makes for easy understanding, providing the perfect opportunity to improve your literary knowledge in no time! See the very best of literature in a whole new light with BrightSummaries.com!


The Social Contract

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Few people can claim to have had minds as fertile and creative as the French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau. One of the most influential political theor ...

  • L'auteur : James Hill
  • Editeur: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1351353446
  • Genre: History
  • Nombre de pages: 96
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1550
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Détails: Few people can claim to have had minds as fertile and creative as the French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau. One of the most influential political theorists of the modern age, he was also a composer and writer of opera, a novelist, and a memoirist whose Confessions ranks as one of the most striking works of autobiography ever written. Like many creative thinkers, Rousseau was someone whose restless mind could not help questioning accepted orthodoxies and looking at matters from novel and innovative angles. His 1762 treatise The Social Contract does exactly that. Examining the nature and sources of legitimate political power, it crafted a closely reasoned and passionately persuasive argument for democracy at a time when the most widely accepted form of government was absolute monarchy, legitimised by religious beliefs about the divine right of kings and queens to rule. In France, the book was banned by worried Catholic censors; in Rousseau’s native Geneva, it was both banned and burned. But history soon pushed Rousseau’s ideas into the mainstream of political theory, with the French and American revolutions paving the way for democratic government to gain ground across the Western world. Though it was precisely what got Rousseau’s book banned at the time, the novel idea that all legitimate government rests on the will of the people is now recognised as the core principle of democratic freedom and represents, for many people, the highest of ideals.


The Greatest Works of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

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This meticulously edited collection is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents: Emile, or On Education The Social Contr ...

  • L'auteur : Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Editeur: e-artnow
  • ISBN: 8026892925
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 1434
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1690
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Détails: This meticulously edited collection is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents: Emile, or On Education The Social Contract Discourse on the Origin of Inequality Among Men Discourse on the Arts and Sciences A Discourse on Political Economy Confessions New Heloise (An Excerpt)


The Collected Works of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

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This carefully crafted ebook: "The Collected Works of Jean-Jacques Rousseau" is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents ...

  • L'auteur : Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Editeur: e-artnow
  • ISBN: 8026892917
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 1769
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 535
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Détails: This carefully crafted ebook: "The Collected Works of Jean-Jacques Rousseau" is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents. Novels Emile, or On Education New Heloise (An Excerpt) Political Writings The Social Contract Discourse on the Origin of Inequality Among Men Discourse on the Arts and Sciences A Discourse on Political Economy Autobiography Confessions Criticism on Rousseau Rousseau and Romanticism (Irving Babbitt)


The Social Institutions of Capitalism

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Offering a diverse set of contributions to current social contracting research, this text illustrates how social contracts necessarily underlie and facilit ...

  • L'auteur : Pursey Heugens,Hans van Oosterhout,Jack J. Vromen
  • Editeur: Edward Elgar Publishing
  • ISBN: 9781781950333
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Nombre de pages: 168
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1163
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Détails: Offering a diverse set of contributions to current social contracting research, this text illustrates how social contracts necessarily underlie and facilitate all forms of capitalist production and exchange.


Negotiating the Social Contract in Urban Africa: Informal Food Traders in Ghanaian Cities

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How do cities build a social contract with their diverse constituencies and foster political trust among the urban poor? This study focuses on informal tra ...

  • L'auteur : Resnick, Danielle,Sivasubramanian, Bhavna
  • Editeur: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • ISBN:
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 49
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 451
  • Telecharger: 451
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Détails: How do cities build a social contract with their diverse constituencies and foster political trust among the urban poor? This study focuses on informal traders, who constitute a major source of food security and employment in urban Africa. Centered on Ghana’s three main cities, we analyze interviews with metropolitan policymakers and a survey of approximately 1,200 informal traders. The findings show that expectations about reciprocity and procedural justice play a key role in shaping the probability of trusting one’s local government. Lower levels of trust were associated with disappointment over the lack of benefits that accompany tax payments to local assemblies. Moreover, those who had experienced harassment by city authorities were less likely to trust their local government. The analysis demonstrates that political trust at the subnational level deserves greater empirical attention, especially as countries continue to deepen decentralization initiatives and cities strive to meet global development goals around inclusivity.


Classical Social Contract Theory

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Essay from the year 2008 in the subject Politics - Political Theory and the History of Ideas Journal, grade: 80%= good, University of Kerala (Department of ...

  • L'auteur : Sebastian Erckel
  • Editeur: GRIN Verlag
  • ISBN: 3640326946
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Nombre de pages: 19
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1379
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Détails: Essay from the year 2008 in the subject Politics - Political Theory and the History of Ideas Journal, grade: 80%= good, University of Kerala (Department of Political Science), course: Political Theory- Liberal Tradition, language: English, abstract: This essay compares the classical social contract theories of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau. Different perceptions of the state of nature resulted in different ideas about the social contract and its emphasis on either security (Hobbes), individual rights (Locke) or the collective freedom of Rousseau's general will. Political philosophy is believed to have started with Plato’s “Republic”, the first known sophisticated analysis of a fundamental question that humans have probably been concerned with much longer: how should human society be organised, i.e. who should rule and why? Plato believed that ruling required special training and skills and should therefore be left to an aristocracy of guardians who had received extensive training. While the notion that ruling requires expertise can hardly be denied there is also agreement among most philosophers that whoever qualifies for the job of ruling needs to do so with the interest of the people in mind. But what is the interest of the people and how can it be discovered? According to Plato, a necessary precondition for rulers is wisdom and that is why he wanted his guardians to be especially trained in philosophy. One may think that the people themselves should know what is best for them but somewhat surprisingly this idea has been rejected not just by Plato but also by many philosophers following him. Another approach is to link rule on Earth to a mandate received from a divine Creator. However, even the idea that humans could not exist without a government has been questioned, most notably by anarchism. Thus, the question of how political rule, the power to make decisions for others, could be justified is an essential one. Only legitimate rule creates obligation and without obligation it is hard to see how any form of society can survive. It is precisely for these elementary questions that social contract theories attempt to provide an answer for. The social contract can be seen as a device both for justifying not only rule itself but a particular type of rule, and demonstrating that political obligation can indeed be demanded. A unique feature of the classical social contract theories discussed in this paper is that they started out with an analysis of the state of nature.


The Essential Writings of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

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This carefully edited Jean-Jacques Rousseau collection has been designed and formatted to the highest digital standards and adjusted for readability on all ...

  • L'auteur : Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Editeur: e-artnow
  • ISBN: 802724515X
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 1769
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 947
  • Telecharger: 947
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Détails: This carefully edited Jean-Jacques Rousseau collection has been designed and formatted to the highest digital standards and adjusted for readability on all devices. Table of Contents: Novels Emile, or On Education New Heloise (An Excerpt) Political Writings The Social Contract Discourse on the Origin of Inequality Among Men Discourse on the Arts and Sciences A Discourse on Political Economy Autobiography Confessions Criticism on Rousseau Rousseau and Romanticism (Irving Babbitt)


Rousseau's 'The Social Contract'

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Rousseau's The Social Contract is one of the most important works of political thought in the history of philosophy. Since its publication in 1762, it has ...

  • L'auteur : Christopher D. Wraight
  • Editeur: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1441120955
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 146
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 473
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Détails: Rousseau's The Social Contract is one of the most important works of political thought in the history of philosophy. Since its publication in 1762, it has been profoundly influential in shaping the historical developments of many societies and remains sharply relevant today. In Rousseau's 'The Social Contract': A Reader's Guide, Chris Wraight offers a clear and thorough account of Rousseau's work, a detailed review of the key themes and a lucid commentary that will allow readers to rapidly navigate the text. The book explores all the important ideas inherent in the text and provides a cogent survey of its reception and influence. Wraight highlights how the central themes are relevant today, both to current philosophical debate and wider current affairs. Geared towards the specific requirements of students coming to Rousseau's work for the first time, this is the ideal companion to the study of this most unique and influential of texts.


A Theory of Freedom

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This book offers a liberatory conception of individual freedom that uniquely responds to the problems of social oppression and demands of the interrelatedn ...

  • L'auteur : S. Welch
  • Editeur: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137295023
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Nombre de pages: 193
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 1562
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Détails: This book offers a liberatory conception of individual freedom that uniquely responds to the problems of social oppression and demands of the interrelatedness insofar as it pertains specifically to the social domain of activity.


Ages, Generations and the Social Contract

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In this important and timely book, researchers from different countries compare their experiences and offer contrasting views on the future of social prote ...

  • L'auteur : Jacques Véron,Sophie Pennec,Jacques Légaré
  • Editeur: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 1402059736
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Nombre de pages: 390
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 959
  • Telecharger: 959
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Détails: In this important and timely book, researchers from different countries compare their experiences and offer contrasting views on the future of social protection. They consider the theoretical aspects of the intergenerational debate, relations between generations within the family, the living standards of elderly people, and the question of social time. For the first time in history, three and sometimes four generations are living at the same time; this book examines the new interactions between family change, labour force participation and population ageing.


Latin America and the Social Contract

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Abstract: This paper presents an incidence analysis of both social spending and taxation for seven Latin American countries, the United Kingdom, and the Un ...

  • L'auteur : Karla Breceda,Jamele Rigolini,Jaime Saavedra,World Bank
  • Editeur: World Bank Publications
  • ISBN:
  • Genre: Economic Theory and Research
  • Nombre de pages: 25
  • Langue: French/English
  • Vues: 635
  • Telecharger: 635
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Détails: Abstract: This paper presents an incidence analysis of both social spending and taxation for seven Latin American countries, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The analysis shows that Latin American countries are headed de facto toward a minimalist welfare state similar to the one in the United States, rather than toward a stronger, European-like welfare state. Specifically, both in Latin America and in the United States, social spending remains fairly flat across income quintiles. On the taxation side, high income inequality causes the rich to bear most of the taxation burden. This causes a vicious cycle where the rich oppose the expansion of the welfare state (as they bear most of its burden without receiving much back), which in turn maintains long-term inequalities. The recent increased socioeconomic instability in many Latin American countries shows nonetheless a real need for a stronger welfare state, which, if unanswered, may degenerate into short-term and unsustainable policies. The case of Chile suggests that a way out from this apparent dead end can be found, as elites may be willing to raise their contribution to social spending if this can lead to a more stable social contract.


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